1921 Belgian general election

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1921 Belgian general election

← 1919 20 November 1921 1925 →

186 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
93 seats in the Senate
  First party Second party Third party
  Georges Theunis 1921.jpg No image.png Weekblad Pallieter - voorpagina 1923 30 mechelynck.jpg
Leader Georges Theunis Joseph Van Roosbroeck Albert Mechelynck
Party Catholic Labour Liberal
Leader since Candidate for PM 1918 1920
Last election 70 seats, 35.19% 70 seats, 36.62% 34 seats, 17.65%
Seats won 70 68 33
Seat change Steady Decrease 2 Decrease 1
Popular vote 657,245 672,478 343,959
Percentage 34.02% 34.81% 17.80%
Swing Decrease 1.17% Decrease 1.81% Increase 0.15%

Government before election

Carton de Wiart
National Unity (Catholic-Lab-Lib)

Elected Government

Theunis I
Catholic-Liberal

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General elections were held in Belgium on 20 November 1921.[1] The result was a victory for the Catholic Party, which won 70 of the 186 seats in the Chamber of Representatives.[2] Voter turnout was 91.1% in the Chamber election and 91.0% in the Senate election.[3]

Elections to the nine provincial councils were held one week later, on 27 November 1921.

A Catholic–Liberal government led by Georges Theunis was formed following the elections.

Results[edit]

Chamber of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Belgian Labour Party 672,478 34.81 68 –2
Catholic Party 657,245 34.02 70 0
Liberal Party 343,959 17.80 33 –1
Frontpartij 58,790 3.04 4 –1
Christene Volkspartij 57,183 2.96 6 New
Catholic Dissidents 42,856 2.22 3 0
Christian Workers' Alliance 26,392 1.37 1 New
Combatants 19,401 0.3 1 -1
Other parties 53,662 2.78 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 95,349
Total 2,027,315 100 186 0
Source: Belgian Elections

Senate[edit]

A constitutional change eased the requirements to be a candidate for the Senate. As a compensation, the number of senators elected by provincial councils was increased from 27 to 40 and a new type of senators was introduced: 20 co-opted senators. This gives a total of 153 senators.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Belgian Labour Party 661,168 35.48 33 +13
Catholic Party 606,799 32.57 34 –9
Liberal Party 362,187 19.44 18 -12
United Catholics Party 93,061 4.99 5 New
Christene Volkspartij 51,928 2.79 2 New
Catholic Workers' Alliance 16,588 0.89 1 New
Other parties 71,601 3.84 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 0
Total 1,863,332 100 93 0
Source: Belgian Elections

Constituencies[edit]

The distribution of seats among the electoral districts was as follows:[4][5]

Province Arrondissement(s) Chamber Senate
Antwerp Antwerp 15 7
Mechelen 5 5
Turnhout 4
Elected by the provincial council 5
Limburg Hasselt 3 4
Tongeren-Maaseik 4
Elected by the provincial council 3
East Flanders Aalst 5 4
Oudenaarde 3
Gent-Eeklo 12 6
Dendermonde 4 4
Sint-Niklaas 4
Elected by the provincial council 5
West Flanders Bruges 4 2
Roeselare-Tielt 5 3
Kortrijk 5 4
Ypres 3
Veurne-Diksmuide-Ostend 5 2
Elected by the provincial council 4
Brabant Leuven 7 3
Brussels 26 13
Nivelles 4 2
Elected by the provincial council 7
Hainaut Tournai-Ath 6 3
Charleroi 11 7
Thuin 3
Mons 7 5
Soignies 4
Elected by the provincial council 6
Liège Huy-Waremme 4 2
Liège 13 7
Verviers 5 2
Elected by the provincial council 4
Luxembourg Arlon-Marche-Bastogne 3 3
Neufchâteau-Virton 3
Elected by the provincial council 3
Namur Namur 5 5
Dinant-Philippeville 4
Elected by the provincial council 3
Total 186 93 + 40

Additionally, 20 senators were co-opted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p289 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p308
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p290
  4. ^ List of members of the Chamber of Representatives (1921-1922)
  5. ^ List of members of the Senate (1921-1922)