1921 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1921.
- January 1 – The Jonathan Cape publishing firm is founded in Bloomsbury, London, by Herbert Jonathan Cape and Wren Howard.
- February – Margaret Caroline Anderson and Jane Heap, publishers of The Little Review, are convicted of obscenity in a New York court for publishing the "Nausicaa" episode of James Joyce's Ulysses.
- March – Jorge Luis Borges returns to his native Buenos Aires in Argentina after a period living with his family in Europe.
- April 20 – Hungarian Ferenc Molnár's play Liliom is first produced on Broadway in English.
- May 9 – The première of Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author (Sei personaggi in cerca d'autore) at the Teatro Valle in Rome divides the audience.
- May – A production of Pericles, Prince of Tyre directed by Robert Atkins at The Old Vic, London, restores the unexpurgated text for the first time since the Shakespearean era.
- June 6 – The première of Tristan Tzara's parodic The Gas Heart (Le Cœur à gaz) at a Dada Salon at the Galerie Montaigne in Paris provokes audience derision.
- June 10 – D. H. Lawrence's novel Women in Love is first published commercially by Martin Secker in London.
- September 5 – The Cervantes Theatre (Buenos Aires) opens with a production of Lope de Vega's La dama boba (The Foolish Lady, 1613).
- September 26 – The Maddermarket Theatre in Norwich, England, an old chapel, is recreated as an English Renaissance theatre building for period drama by an amateur repertory company under the direction of Walter Nugent Monck. It opens with As You Like It.
- December 9 – John William Gott becomes the last person in England imprisoned for blasphemous libel.
- December 31 – Mexican poet Manuel Maples Arce distributes the first Stridentist manifesto, Comprimido estridentista, in the broadsheet Actual no. 1 in Mexico City.
- Ryūnosuke Akutagawa – "Autumn Mountain" (秋山, Akiyama)
- Edgar Rice Burroughs – Tarzan the Terrible
- James Branch Cabell – Figures of Earth
- Hall Caine – The Master of Man
- Karel Čapek – Trapné povídky (Embarrassing Stories, translated as Money and other stories)
- Willa Cather – Alexander's Bridge
- Arthur Chapman – Mystery Ranch
- A. E. Coppard – Adam & Eve & Pinch Me: Tales
- Mary Cholmondeley – The Romance of His Life
- Marie Corelli – The Secret Power
- Miloš Crnjanski – The Journal of Čarnojević (Дневник о Чарнојевићу, Dnevnik o Čarnojeviću)
- Walter de la Mare – Memoirs of a Midget
- Mary Frances Dowdall – Three Loving Ladies
- Fran Saleški Finžgar – Pod svobodnim soncem
- F. Scott Fitzgerald
- Mikkjel Fønhus – Troll-Elgen
- John Galsworthy – To Let (last book of The Forsyte Saga)
- H. Rider Haggard – She and Allan
- Georgette Heyer – The Black Moth
- A. S. M. Hutchinson – If Winter Comes
- Aldous Huxley – Crome Yellow
- Frigyes Karinthy – Capillaria
- Sheila Kaye-Smith – Joanna Godden
- Gaston Leroux – The Crime of Rouletabille
- Denis Mackail – Romance to the Rescue
- René Maran – Batouala
- L. M. Montgomery – Rilla of Ingleside
- George Moore – Heloise and Abelard
- Paul Morand – Tender Shoots (Tendres stocks, short stories)
- Baroness Orczy
- Castles in the Air (short stories)
- The First Sir Percy
- Alejandro Pérez Lugín – Currito of the Cross (Currito de la Cruz)
- Gene Stratton Porter – Her Father's Daughter
- Marcel Proust
- Sukumar Ray – HaJaBaRaLa
- Iñigo Ed. Regalado – May Pagsinta'y Walang Puso
- Rafael Sabatini – Scaramouche
- Naoya Shiga – A Dark Night's Passing (暗夜行路, An'ya Kōro; serialized 1921–37)
- Booth Tarkington – Alice Adams
- Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy – The Road to Calvary (publication begins)
- Sigrid Undset – Husfrue (The Wife or The Mistress of Husaby, second part of Kristin Lavransdatter)
- Eugene Walter – The Byzantine Riddle and other stories
- Elinor Wylie – Nets to Catch the Wind
- Francis Brett Young – The Black Diamond
- Yevgeny Zamyatin – We (Мы; completed)
Children and young people
- Dorita Fairlie Bruce – The Senior Prefect (later entitled Dimsie Goes to School)
- Eleanor Farjeon – Martin Pippin in the Apple Orchard
- Charles Boardman Hawes – The Great Quest
- Hendrik Willem van Loon – The Story of Mankind (non-fiction)
- Albert Payson Terhune – The Heart of a Dog
- Else Ury – Nesthäkchen Flies From the Nest
- Hjalmar Bergman – Farmor och vår Herre (Grandmother and Our Lord, translated as Thy Rod and Thy Staff)
- Karel Čapek – R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) (performed)
- Karel and Josef Čapek – Pictures from the Insects' Life (Ze života hmyzu, published)
- Clemence Dane – A Bill of Divorcement
- Susan Glaspell – Inheritors (written) and The Verge (performed)
- A. de Herz – Mărgeluș (Tiny Bead)
- Avery Hopwood – The Demi-Virgin
- René Morax – Le Roi David
- Roland Pertwee – Out to Win
- Luigi Pirandello – Six Characters in Search of an Author
- Tristan Tzara – The Gas Heart
- Raden Adipati Aria Muharam Wiranatakusumah – Lutung Kasarung
- Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz – The Water Hen (Kurka Wodna)
- Langston Hughes – "The Negro Speaks of Rivers", in The Crisis
- Charlotte Mew – Saturday Market
- William Carlos Williams – Sour Grapes
- William Butler Yeats – Michael Robartes and the Dancer
- Robert Frost – Mountain Interval (second print)
- Adolphe Appia – L'Œuvre d'art vivant (The Living Work of Art)
- Charles Bean (ed.) – Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, vol. 1
- Joseph Chaikov – Skulptur (first Yiddish-language work on the subject)
- Frank H. Knight – Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit
- D. H. Lawrence
- Edward Sapir – Language: an introduction to the study of speech
- Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk – Further Essays on Capital and Interest
- Ludwig Wittgenstein – Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
- Zitkala-Sa – American Indian Stories
- January 5 – Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer (died 1990)
- January 19 – Patricia Highsmith, American crime writer (died 1995)
- February 4 – Betty Friedan, American feminist author (died 2006)
- February 15 – Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (died 1985)
- March 1 – Richard Wilbur, American poet and translator (died 2017)
- March 24 – Wilson Harris, Guyanese-born poet, novelist and essayist (died 2018)
- April 21 – Angela Bianchini, Italian fiction writer and literary critic (died 2018)
- May 23
- May 29 – Henry Scholberg, American bibliographer (died 2012)
- June 11 – Michael Meyer, English translator and biographer (died 2000)
- August 11 – Alex Haley, American writer (died 1992)
- August 17 – Elinor Lyon, British children's writer (died 2008)
- September 12 – Stanisław Lem, Polish science fiction novelist, philosopher, satirist and physician (died 2006)
- September 15 – Richard Gordon, English author (died 2017)
- September 26 – Cyprian Ekwensi, Nigerian writer (died 2007)
- October 2 – Edmund Crispin (Robert Bruce Montgomery), English crime writer (died 1978)
- October 9 – Tadeusz Różewicz, Polish poet, dramatist and writer (died 2014)
- October 17 – George Mackay Brown, Scottish poet (died 1996)
- November 6 – James Jones, American novelist (died 1977)
- November 22 – Brian Cleeve, Irish author (died 2003)
- December 20 – Israil Bercovici, Romanian dramatist and historian (died 1988)
- March 22 – E. W. Hornung, English author (born 1866)
- April 6 – Maximilian Berlitz, German-born American textbook writer and language school proprietor (born 1852)
- May 5 – Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian publicist (born 1864)
- May 12 – Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish novelist (born 1851)
- May 13 – Jean Aicard, French writer (born 1848)
- June 5 – Georges Feydeau, French playwright (born 1862)
- July 7 – Luca Caragiale, Romanian poet, novelist and translator (pneumonia, born 1893)
- June 26 – Alfred Percy Sinnett, English Theosophist author (born 1840)
- July 4 – Antoni Grabowski, Polish Esperantist (born 1857)
- August 7 – Alexander Blok, Russian poet (born 1880)
- August 25 – Nikolay Gumilev, Russian poet (executed, born 1886)
- October 10 – Otto von Gierke, German historian (born 1841)
- November 8 – Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet, dramatist and translator (born 1849)
- November 14 – Christabel Rose Coleridge English novelist and editor (born 1843)
- Unknown date – John Habberton, American critic (born 1842)
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Walter de la Mare, Memoirs of a Midget
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Lytton Strachey, Queen Victoria
- Nobel Prize for Literature: Anatole France
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Zona Gale, Miss Lulu Bett
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: no award given
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Edith Wharton – The Age of Innocence
- Ellmann, Richard (1982). James Joyce. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 502–04. ISBN 0-1950-3103-2.
- "Teatro Nacional Cervantes" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-01-14.
- "Norwich Players' New Theatre". The Times (42836). London. 1921-09-27. p. 8.
- Elster, Kristian (1924). Illustreret Norsk litteraturhistorie (in Norwegian). 2. Kristiania: Gyldendal. p. 808.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- Apter-Gabriel, Ruth (1987). Tradition and revolution: the Jewish renaissance in Russian avant-garde art, 1912-1928. Israel Museum. p. 67.
- Non Series #138- Trif and Trixy// John Habberton autograph March 7, 2012. Accessed 9 January 2012