1922 Rose Bowl
|1922 Tournament East-West football game|
|8th Rose Bowl Game|
|Date||January 2, 1922|
|MVP||Russell Stein (Washington & Jefferson, T)|
|Favorite||Cal 14–21 point favorite|
The 1922 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 2, 1922, between the Washington & Jefferson Presidents (W&J) and the California Golden Bears. It holds several distinctions including being the only scoreless Rose Bowl Game, the first tie in a Rose Bowl, the first African-American quarterback to play in the Rose Bowl (Charles Fremont West from Washington & Jefferson), the first freshman to play in a Rose Bowl (Herb Kopf of Washington and Jefferson), and Hal Erickson (W&J) became the only man ever to play in two different Rose Bowls (1919 and 1922), with two different teams (Great Lakes Navy and W&J), without losing. It was also the last to be played at Tournament Park and to be officially known as the Tournament East-West Football Game, and with only 450 students at the time, Washington & Jefferson College was the smallest school to ever play in a Rose Bowl.
The Cal team was highly favored in this game, causing one sportswriter to say "All I know about Washington and Jefferson is that they're both dead."
The 1921 team, coached by Greasy Neale, went 10–0 in the regular season, defeating powerhouses Pitt, University of Detroit, and Syracuse. The 7–0 victory over rival Pitt was celebrated with a day of canceled classes and bonfire with inspiration speeches in front of the Washington County Courthouse. As the best team from the east, W&J was invited to the 1922 Rose Bowl to play the best team from the west: the undefeated and heavily favored California Golden Bears. The Red and Black could only afford to send 11 men on the cross-country trip and Robert "Mother" Murphy had to mortgage his home to pay his way. Thus, W&J would be the last Rose Bowl team to play the same 11 men the entire game. During the train ride to Pasadena, in which Greasy Neale continued to prepare his men, one player caught pneumonia and could not finish the journey. Luckily, another player had secretly stowed away on the train and was given the ill player's ticket and roster spot.
Cal had outscored their opponents on the season, 312–33, but the W&J defense held the Golden Bears' potent offense, led by Brick Muller, to no points and no completed passes, just two first downs, and only 49 yards rushing. In one of the most disputed plays in Rose Bowl history, a W&J rushing touchdown was overturned for an offside violation. The game was notable as the last time a "small school" would be represented in the Rose Bowl. W&J's team featured three Rose Bowl firsts: Herb Kopf was the first freshman to play, Charles Fremont West was the first African American to play quarterback, and Hal Erickson became the only man ever to play in two different Rose Bowls, with two different teams, without losing. W&J's Russ Stein was named Most Valuable Player. He was inducted into the Rose Bowl Hall of Fame in 1991. The Red and Black finished the season with a share of the "mythical national championship," as determined by the Boand System.
- The only scoreless tie in Rose Bowl history, and one of the four scoreless ties in major bowl games.
- Fewest passing yards: 0
- Tied the record for fewest total points
Media related to 1922 Rose Bowl at Wikimedia Commons
- Campbell, Jim (August 2006). "The 1922 Rose Bowl: David v. Goliath" (PDF). College Football Historical Society Newsletter. LA84 Foundation. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- Washington and Jefferson College
- Campbell, Jim (August 2006). "The 1922 Rose Bowl: David v. Goliath" (PDF). College Football Historical Society Newsletter. LA84 Foundation. Retrieved 7 Feb 2012.
- Florence, Mal (January 1, 1998). "Some Rose Bowl Stories Have a Different Spin". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- E. Lee, North (1991). "Chapter 8: A Season to Remember". Battling the Indians, Panthers, and Nittany Lions: The Story of Washington & Jefferson College's First Century of Football, 1890-1990. Daring Books. pp. 97–107. ISBN 978-1-878302-03-8. OCLC 24174022.
- "Charles "Pruner" West (1922)". U. Grant Miller Library Digital Archives. Washington & Jefferson College.
- "Award Winners in Bowl Games - Rose Bowl". Bowl/All-Star Game Records. National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. p. 94. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
- "Miscellaneous Records - Scoreless Ties". Bowl/All-Star Game Records. National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. p. 56. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
- "Team Record Lists - Fewest Passing Yards". Bowl/All-Star Game Records. National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
- "Team Record Lists - Fewest Points, Both Teams". Bowl/All-Star Game Records. National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. p. 52. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-06-09.