1923 Honduran general election

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General elections (Spanish: Elecciones generales de Honduras de 1923) were held in Honduras between 27 and 29 October 1923.[1] Tiburcio Carías Andino won the presidential election with 47.1% of the vote.[2] However, as no candidate had received an absolute majority in the public vote, Congress would vote on the candidates. However, Congress did not meet again until 1 January the following year.[3] In December President Rafael López Gutiérrez declared a state of siege, suspended the constitution, and announced that he would remain in office in order to keep the peace.[4] Although Congress was dominated by the two liberal parties, they did not want Carías, but also could not agree on a common candidate.[5]

As a result, Carías started a civil war in February, known as the War of Revindication. López Gutiérrez lost the support of his party in several provinces.[6] Scattered fighting took place over two months, with 400 American marines occupying Tegucigalpa.[7]


In April 1923 Carías was selected by the National Party's Central Committee as the party's candidate for president, with Miguel Paz Barahona as his running mate.[8]



Candidate Party Votes %
Tiburcio Carías Andino National Party 49,541 47.1
Policarpo Bonilla Liberal Constitutionalist Party 35,160 33.4
Juan Ángel Arias Liberal Party 20,424 19.4
Invalid/blank votes
Total 105,125 100
Source: Nohlen


Party Votes % Seats
Liberal Constitutionalist Party 18
National Party 15
Liberal Party 9
Invalid/blank votes
Total 42


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p407 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p414
  3. ^ Stokes, WS (1950) Honduras: an area study in government Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, p247
  4. ^ Dodd, TJ (2005) Tiburcio Carías: portrait of a Honduran political leader Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, p34
  5. ^ Euraque, DA (1996) Reinterpreting the banana republic: region and state in Honduras, 1870-1972 Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, p55
  6. ^ Dodd, p35
  7. ^ Dunkerley, J (1988) Power in the isthmus: a political history of modern Central America London: Verso, p67
  8. ^ Dodd, pp32-33


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