1923 in art
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- March 20 – The Arts Club of Chicago hosts the opening of Pablo Picasso's first United States show, Original Drawings by Pablo Picasso.
- May 8 – Göteborgs Konsthall opens as the art gallery for the Gothenburg Exhibition.
- Publication of The Art Spirit by Robert Henri.
- Chaim Soutine sells sixty of his paintings from a Paris showing to the American art collector Albert C. Barnes and begins his series of paintings of beef carcasses.
- A joint exhibition with his mother, Suzanne Valadon, at the Galerie Bernheim-Jeune in Paris brings the paintings of Maurice Utrillo to prominence.
- Freer Gallery of Art opens in Washington, D.C. as the first Smithsonian museum dedicated to the fine arts.
- Remington Art Memorial established in Ogdensburg, New York.
- Harwood Museum of Art established in Taos, New Mexico.
- Beaux Arts Gallery established in London by Frederick and Helen Lessore.
See also: Category:1923 sculptures
- Max Beckmann – Dance in Baden-Baden
- Constantin Brâncuși – Bird in Space (sculpture; first version)
- Felice Casorati – Meriggio (Noon)
- Robert Delaunay – Portrait of Tristan Tzara
- Marcel Duchamp – The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass) is completed
- Max Ernst – Pietà or Revolution by Night
- M. C. Escher – Dolphins (woodcut)
- George Grosz – Ecce Homo (portfolio of lithographs)
- Auguste Herbin – Bowls Players
- Wassily Kandinsky – On White II
- Sir John Lavery – The Red Rose
- Sir Bertram Mackennal
- Henri Matisse
- Mikhail Nesterov – Girl by the Pool
- William Orpen – To the Unknown British Soldier Killed in France
- Pablo Picasso
- The Pipes of Pan
- Paulo on a Donkey
- Man Ray – Object to Be Destroyed (destroyed 1957)
- Gerrit Rietveld – Red and Blue Chair (colours added in De Stijl style at about this date)
- Stanley Spencer – The Betrayal
- Lorado Taft – The Recording Angel (sculpture, Waupun, Wisconsin)
- Suzanne Valadon – Blue Room
- World War I Memorial (Berwick, Pennsylvania)
- 8 April – George Fisher, American political cartoonist (d. 2003).
- 3 May – Norman Thelwell, English cartoonist (d. 2004).
- 15 May – Richard Avedon, American photographer (d. 2004).
- 22 May – Max Velthuijs, Dutch painter, illustrator and author (d. 2005).
- 27 May – Inge Morath, Austrian photographer (d. 2002).
- 24 June – Marc Riboud, French photographer.
- 25 June – Sam Francis, American painter and printmaker (d. 1994).
- 13 September – Edouard Boubat, French photographer (d. 1999).
- 7 October – Jean-Paul Riopelle, Canadian painter and sculptor (d. 2002).
- 27 October – Roy Lichtenstein, American pop artist (d. 1997).
- 1 December – Morris, Belgian cartoonist (d. 2001).
- 13 December – Antoni Tàpies, Spanish painter (d. 2012).
- date unknown
- January 12 – Marc Ferrez, Brazilian photographer (b. 1843)
- January 31 – Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish modernist painter, art critic and assassin (b. 1869)
- March 22 – Benjamin Williams Leader, English landscape painter (b. 1831)
- April 15 – Aleksander Sochaczewski, Polish painter (b. 1843)
- April 17 – Jan Kotěra, artist, architect and designer (b. 1871)
- May 29 – Adolf Oberländer, caricaturist (b. 1845)
- June 15 – Joseph B. Davol, marine painter (b. 1864)
- June 21 – Edward Clark Potter, sculptor (b. 1857)
- October 2 – John Wilson Bengough, cartoonist
- November 2 – Stevan Aleksić, Serbian painter (b. 1876).
- November 27 – Penleigh Boyd, landscape painter (b. 1890) (car accident)
- December 13 – Théophile Steinlen, Swiss/French painter (b. 1859)
- date unknown