1923 in organized crime
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- The Chicago Crime Commission releases its first published report of those "who are constantly in conflict with the law" naming over 28 underworld figures as public enemies including James "Mad Bomber" Belcastro, Edward O'Donnell, James "Fur" Sammons, William "Three Fingers" White, Jake Guzik, and Al Capone.
- Al Capone, assisted by longtime Cook County racketeer Edward Vogel, establishes his headquarters in the Chicago suburb of Cicero, Illinois.
- Owney Madden is released from Sing Sing prison.
- Ragen's Colts member Harry Madigan is arrested and charged with kidnapping and extortion.
- Luciano crime family member Joseph Lanza organizes the United Seafood Workers (USW) of the Fulton Fish Market.
- January 3 - Bill Lovett, leader of the White Hand Gang, is found shot twice in the chest by a friend in the top floor of a Front Street shanty and taken to Cumberland Street Hospital. Although he eventually recovers from his wounds, he refuses to identify his attackers.
- June 10- St Louis "Cuckoos" gang tries to rob an Inn and kills Police officer William Griffin and a John Surgant
- August - The third Labor slugger war begins after Jacob "Little Augie" Orgen's Little Augies and Solomon Schapiro ally against "Kid Dropper" Nathan Kaplan's Rough Riders during a gun battle between the gangs on Essex Street resulting in the deaths of two bystanders.
- August 28 - Nathan Kaplan is killed by Jacob Orgen gunman Louis Cohen while being transported from Essex Market Court.
- September 7 - Jerry O'Connor, a member of the Southside O'Donnell's, is killed by Frank McErlane in a driveby shooting. This is the first time a Thompson submachine gun popularly known as a "Tommy gun" is used.
- September 16 - Angelo Pastori of St Louis found dead-allegedly by the "Green Ones" gang
- September 17 - George Meegan, a Chicago bootlegger allied with the Southside O'Donnell's, and Southside O'Donnell member George Bucher are killed by Frank McErlane.
- OCtober 21 - Paul Giambrone killed by the "Green Ones"
- November 1 - William Lovett is killed by three Black Hand assassins led by Dui Cuteddi.
- December 1 - Thomas Keane, a beer-runner for the Southside O'Donnell's, is killed by rival gang leader Frank McErlane during a hijack attempt.
Arts and literature
- Stephen Puleo, Belmont bookmaker and associate of Stephen Flemmi
- Benjamin Ruggiero "Lefty", Bonanno crime family member
- Joseph Todaro, Buffalo Mafia Leader
- Gaetano Badalamenti, Italian mobster
- George Barone, Gangster in the Genovese crime family
- August 23 - Nathan Kaplan, New York Prohibition gangster
- September 7 - Jerry O'Connor, Southside O'Donnell member
- September 16 - Angelo Pastori,
- September 17 - George Meegan, Southside O'Donnell member
- October 21 - Paul Giambrone
- November 1 - William Lovett "Wild Bill", White Hand Gang leader
- December 1 - Thomas Keane, Southside O'Donnell member