1925 in literature
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In poetry: 1922 1923 1924 -1925- 1926 1927 1928
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The year 1925 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- February 21 - First issue of The New Yorker magazine is published.
- February 28 - First story under the name 'B. Traven' is published, in Vorwärts (Berlin).
- April - F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway meet in the Dingo Bar on rue Delambre in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris shortly after the publication of Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (April 10) and shortly before Hemingway departs on the trip to Spain that he will fictionalize in The Sun Also Rises.
- July 22 - The first of Ben Travers' "Aldwych farces", A Cuckoo in the Nest, opens at the Aldwych Theatre in London in a production by actor-manager Tom Walls featuring the brothers Ralph Lynn, Gordon James and Hastings Lynn.
- December 24 - A. A. Milne's Winnie-the-Pooh story "The Wrong Sort of Bees" is published in the London Evening News.
- December 28 - Russian poet Sergei Yesenin (b. 1895) writes his farewell poem, "Goodbye, my friend, goodbye" (До свиданья, друг мой, до свиданья), in his own blood before hanging himself at the Angleterre Hotel in Leningrad.
- Ford Madox Ford publishes No More Parades, the second in his World War I tetralogy Parade's End published between 1924 and 1928.
- Miss Riboet's Orion theatrical troupe is established in the Dutch East Indies.
- First complete translation of the 14th century Romance of the Three Kingdoms from Chinese into English published by Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor.
- Leslie Hotson publishes the first account from contemporary records of the murder of dramatist Christopher Marlowe in 1593.
- T. S. Eliot leaves Lloyds Bank in London and joins the new publishing house of Faber and Gwyer.
- The Modern Library is taken over by Bennett Cerf and Donald Klopfer.
- Sherwood Anderson - Dark Laughter
- André Billy - L'Ange qui pleure
- Johan Bojer - The Emigrants
- James Boyd - Drums
- Elinor Brent-Dyer - The School at the Chalet
- Louis Bromfield - Possession
- Mihail Bulgakov - The White Guard
- Mary Butts - Ashe of Rings
- Willa Cather - The Professor's House
- Blaise Cendrars - Sutter's Gold
- Agatha Christie - The Secret of Chimneys
- Ivy Compton-Burnett - Pastors and Masters
- Warwick Deeping - Sorrell and Son
- Maurice Dekobra - La Madone des sleepings ("The Madonna of the Sleeping-Cars")
- Brian Oswald Donn-Byrne - Hangman's House
- John Dos Passos - Manhattan Transfer
- Theodore Dreiser - An American Tragedy
- Lion Feuchtwanger - Jud Süß (translated as Jew Süss or Power)
- Charles Finger - Tales from Silver Lands
- F. Scott Fitzgerald - The Great Gatsby
- Liam O'Flaherty - The Informer
- Ford Madox Ford - No More Parades
- David Garnett - The Sailor's Return
- William Gerhardie - The Polyglots
- André Gide - Les faux-monnayeurs
- Ellen Glasgow - Barren Ground
- Ernest Hemingway - In Our Time
- Aldous Huxley - Those Barren Leaves
- Franz Kafka - The Trial
- Margaret Kennedy - The Constant Nymph
- Sinclair Lewis - Arrowsmith
- Walter Lippmann - The Phantom Public
- Anita Loos - Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
- W. Somerset Maugham - The Painted Veil
- Thomas Mofolo - Chaka
- Eugenio Montale - Ossi di seppia
- Liam O'Flaherty - The Informer
- Baroness Orczy
- William Plomer - Turbott Wolfe
- Marcel Proust - Albertine disparue
- Kate Roberts - O gors y bryniau (short stories)
- Romain Rolland - The Game of Love and Death
- Dorothy Scarborough - The Wind
- Gertrude Stein - The Making of Americans
- James Stevens - Paul Bunyan
- Sigrid Undset - The Axe
- Carl Van Vechten - Firecrackers
- Hugo Wast - Stone Desert
- Edith Wharton - The Mother's Recompense
- William Carlos Williams - In the American Grain
- P. G. Wodehouse - Carry On, Jeeves
- Virginia Woolf - Mrs Dalloway
- Elinor Wylie - The Venetian Glass Nephew
- J. R. Ackerley - The Prisoners of War
- Arnolt Bronnen - The Bird of Youth (Geburt der Jugend)
- Mikhail Bulgakov - Zoyka's Apartment (written)
- Noël Coward - Hay Fever (first performed) and Fallen Angels
- Federico García Lorca - The Billy-Club Puppets
- Hugo von Hofmannsthal - The Tower (Der Turm)
- Zora Neale Hurston - Color Struck
- George Kelly - Craig's Wife
- John Howard Lawson - Processional
- Ben Travers - A Cuckoo in the Nest
- Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz - The Beelzebub Sonata (Sonata Belzebuba)
- Carl Zuckmayer - The Merry Vineyard (Der fröhliche Weinberg)
- Max Aitken - Politicians and the Press
- Bernhard Beyer - Das Lehrsystem des Ordens der Gold- und Rosekreuzer
- Edwin Burtt - The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science
- G. K. Chesterton - The Everlasting Man
- Adolf Hitler - Mein Kampf
- Franz Roh - Nach Expressionismus – Magischer Realismus: Probleme der neuesten europäischen Malerei ("After Expressionism – Magical Realism: Problems of the newest European painting")
- J. R. R. Tolkien - "The Devil's Coach Horses"
- January 7 - Gerald Durrell, British naturalist and author (died 1995)
- January 8 - James Saunders, English dramatist (died 2004)
- January 11 - William Styron, American writer (died 2006)
- January 14 - Yukio Mishima, Japanese author and rightist political activist (died 1970)
- January 20 - Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan Catholic priest and poet
- February 25 - Edward Gorey, American illustrator and writer (died 2000)
- March 14 - John Wain, English writer (died 1994)
- March 21 - Peter Brook, English theatre director
- March 25 - Flannery O'Connor, American author (died 1964)
- August 17 - John Hawkes, American novelist (died 1998)
- August 28 - Arkady Strugatsky, Russian sci-fi writer
- September 4 - Forrest Carter, American speechwriter and author (died 1979)
- October 3 - Gore Vidal, American writer (died 2012)
- October 8 - Andrei Sinyavsky, Russian writer and dissident (died 1997)
- October 11 - Elmore Leonard, American novelist and screenwriter (d. 2013)
- October 26 - Jan Wolkers, Dutch writer and artist (died 2007)
- January 27 - Friedrich von Hügel, Austrian theologian (born 1852)
- January 31 - George Washington Cable, American writer (born 1844)
- February 16 - Francisco Díaz-Silveira, Cuban journalist and poet (born 1871)
- March 2 - Luigj Gurakuqi, Albanian writer and politician (born 1879)
- April 7 - Gerhard Gran, Norwegian literary historian, professor, magazine editor, essayist and biographer (born 1856)
- May 12 - Amy Lowell, American poet (born 1874)
- June 6 - Pierre Louÿs, French poet (born 1870)
- July 16 - Pyotr Gnedich, Russian writer (born 1855)
- July 15 - Mary Cholmondeley, English writer (born 1859)
- September 11 - Gustav Kastropp, German poet and librettist (born 1844)
- October 31 - José Ingenieros, Argentine physician, pharmaceutic, positivist philosopher and essayist (born 1877)
- October 7 - Felix Liebermann, Jewish German historian (born 1851)
- December 5 - Władysław Reymont, Polish novelist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (born 1867)
- December 28 - Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (born 1895)
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Liam O'Flaherty, The Informer
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Geoffrey Scott, The Portrait of Zelide
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Charles Finger, Tales from Silver Lands
- Nobel Prize for Literature: George Bernard Shaw (awarded in 1926)
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Sidney Howard, They Knew What They Wanted
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Man Who Died Twice
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Edna Ferber, So Big
- Jones, Neal T., ed. (1984). A Book of Days for the Literary Year. New York; London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-01332-2.
- "Aldwych Theatre". The Times (London). 1925-07-23. p. 12.
- The Death of Christopher Marlowe.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.