1925 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1925.
- February 21 – First issue of The New Yorker magazine is published by Harold Ross.
- February 28 – First story under the name 'B. Traven' is published, in Vorwärts (Berlin).
- April – F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway meet in the Dingo Bar on rue Delambre in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris shortly after the publication of Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (April 10) and shortly before Hemingway departs on the trip to Spain that he will fictionalize in The Sun Also Rises.
- May 14 – Virginia Woolf's novel Mrs Dalloway is published by the Hogarth Press in Bloomsbury, London. Woolf is beginning work on To the Lighthouse.
- July 22 – The first of Ben Travers' "Aldwych farces", A Cuckoo in the Nest, opens at the Aldwych Theatre in London in a production by actor-manager Tom Walls featuring the brothers Ralph Lynn, Gordon James and Hastings Lynn.
- October 1 – J. R. R. Tolkien takes up the post of Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Oxford.
- December 24 – A. A. Milne's Winnie-the-Pooh story "The Wrong Sort of Bees" is published in the London Evening News.
- December 28 – Russian poet Sergei Yesenin (b. 1895) writes his farewell poem, "Goodbye, my friend, goodbye" (До свиданья, друг мой, до свиданья), in his own blood before hanging himself at the Angleterre Hotel in Leningrad.
- Late – W. H. Auden and Christopher Isherwood meet for the first time as adults in London.
- Miss Riboet's Orion theatrical troupe is established in the Dutch East Indies.
- First complete translation of the 14th-century Romance of the Three Kingdoms (三國演義) from Chinese into English published by Charles Henry Brewitt-Taylor.
- Leslie Hotson publishes the first account from contemporary records of the murder of dramatist Christopher Marlowe in 1593, claiming to have stumbled across the evidence while researching Chaucer's The Nun's Priest's Tale in the archives of the English Public Records Office in 1923-24.
- T. S. Eliot leaves Lloyds Bank in London and joins the new publishing house of Faber and Gwyer, having been recommended by Charles Whibley to Geoffrey Faber.
- The Modern Library is taken over by Bennett Cerf and Donald Klopfer.
- Konstantine Gamsakhurdia – The Smile of Dionysus
- Sherwood Anderson – Dark Laughter
- Sergei Auslender – Дни боевые (Dni boevye, Fighting Days)
- André Billy – L'Ange qui pleure
- James Boyd – Drums
- Louis Bromfield – Possession
- Mihail Bulgakov
- Mary Butts – Ashe of Rings
- Willa Cather – The Professor's House
- Blaise Cendrars – Sutter's Gold
- Agatha Christie – The Secret of Chimneys
- Ivy Compton-Burnett – Pastors and Masters
- Warwick Deeping – Sorrell and Son
- Maurice Dekobra – La Madone des sleepings (The Madonna of the Sleeping-Cars)
- Brian Oswald Donn-Byrne – Hangman's House
- John Dos Passos – Manhattan Transfer
- Theodore Dreiser – An American Tragedy
- Lion Feuchtwanger – Jud Süß (translated as Jew Süss or Power)
- Charles Finger – Tales from Silver Lands
- F. Scott Fitzgerald – The Great Gatsby
- Ford Madox Ford – No More Parades
- David Garnett – The Sailor's Return
- William Gerhardie – The Polyglots
- André Gide – Les faux-monnayeurs
- Ellen Glasgow – Barren Ground
- Thea von Harbou – Metropolis
- Ernest Hemingway – In Our Time (short stories)
- DuBose Heyward – Porgy
- Aldous Huxley – Those Barren Leaves
- Franz Kafka (died 1924) – The Trial (Der Process, written 1914–15)
- Margaret Kennedy – The Constant Nymph
- Sinclair Lewis – Arrowsmith
- Walter Lippmann – The Phantom Public
- Anita Loos – Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
- W. Somerset Maugham – The Painted Veil
- Thomas Mofolo – Chaka
- Eugenio Montale – Ossi di seppia
- Liam O'Flaherty – The Informer
- Baroness Orczy
- The Miser of Maida Vale
- A Question of Temptation
- William Plomer – Turbott Wolfe
- Marcel Proust – Albertine disparue
- Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo – L'Aube rouge (The Red Dawn)
- Henry Handel Richardson (Et Florence Robertson) – The Way Home (second part of The Fortunes of Richard Mahony)
- Kate Roberts – O gors y bryniau (Welsh short stories)
- Romain Rolland – Le Jeu de l'amour et de la mort (The Game of Love and Death)
- Dorothy Scarborough – The Wind
- Gertrude Stein – The Making of Americans
- James Stevens – Paul Bunyan
- Sigrid Undset – The Master of Hestviken, vol. 1: The Axe
- Carl Van Vechten – Firecrackers. A Realistic Novel
- Hugh Walpole – Portrait of a Man with Red Hair
- Hugo Wast – Stone Desert
- Edith Wharton – The Mother's Recompense
- William Carlos Williams – In the American Grain
- P. G. Wodehouse – Carry On, Jeeves
- Virginia Woolf – Mrs Dalloway
- Elinor Wylie – The Venetian Glass Nephew
Children and young people
- J. R. Ackerley – The Prisoners of War
- Arnolt Bronnen – The Bird of Youth (Geburt der Jugend)
- Mikhail Bulgakov – Zoyka's Apartment (written)
- Noël Coward – Hay Fever (first performed) and Fallen Angels
- Federico García Lorca – The Billy-Club Puppets
- Hugo von Hofmannsthal – The Tower (Der Turm)
- Zora Neale Hurston – Color Struck
- George Kelly – Craig's Wife
- John Howard Lawson – Processional
- Ben Travers – A Cuckoo in the Nest
- Franz Werfel – Juarez und Maximilian
- Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz – The Beelzebub Sonata (Sonata Belzebuba)
- Carl Zuckmayer – The Merry Vineyard (Der fröhliche Weinberg)
Main article: 1925 in poetry
- Max Aitken – Politicians and the Press
- Alice Bailey – A Treatise on Cosmic Fire
- Edwin Burtt – The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science
- G. K. Chesterton – The Everlasting Man
- Maurice Halbwachs – La Mémoire collective (On Collective Memory)
- Adolf Hitler – Mein Kampf
- Dmitry Merezhkovsky
- The Birth of Gods: Tutankhamen in Crete (Rozhdenīe bogov: Tutankamon na Kritie)
- The Mystery of the Three: Egypt and Babylon (Taĭna trekh: Egipet i Vavilon)
- Arthur E. Powell – The Etheric Double and Allied Phenomena
- Franz Roh – Nach Expressionismus – Magischer Realismus: Probleme der neuesten europäischen Malerei ("After Expressionism – Magical Realism: Problems of the newest European painting")
- J. R. R. Tolkien – "The Devil's Coach Horses"
- January 7 – Gerald Durrell, Indian-born British naturalist and author (died 1995)
- January 8 – James Saunders, English dramatist (died 2004)
- January 11 – William Styron, American writer (died 2006)
- January 14 – Yukio Mishima (三島 由紀夫, Kimitake Hiraoka), Japanese author and political activist (died 1970)
- January 17 – Robert Cormier, American young-adult novelist (died 2000)
- January 20 – Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan Catholic priest and poet
- February 18 – Jack Gilbert, American poet and educator (died 2012)
- February 22
- March 14 – John Wain, English novelist and short-story writer (died 1994)
- March 25 – Flannery O'Connor, American author (died 1964)
- March 27 – John Bayley, Indian-born English literary critic (died 2015)
- May 25 – Rosario Castellanos, Mexican writer (died 1974)
- August 12 – Donald Justice, American poet and educator (died 2004)
- August 17 – John Hawkes, American novelist (died 1998)
- August 28 – Arkady Strugatsky, Russian science fiction writer (died 1991)
- September 4 – Forrest Carter, American speechwriter and author (died 1979)
- October 1 – The Pullein-Thompson sisters twin English children's novelists (Christine died 2005)
- October 3 – Gore Vidal, American writer (died 2012)
- October 8 – Andrei Sinyavsky, Russian writer and dissident (died 1997)
- October 11 – Elmore Leonard, American novelist and screenwriter (died 2013)
- October 25 – Romek Marber, Polish-born book designer
- October 26 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch writer and artist (died 2007)
- January 27 – Friedrich von Hügel, Austrian theologian (born 1852)
- January 31 – George Washington Cable, American writer (born 1844)
- February 16 – Francisco Díaz-Silveira, Cuban journalist and poet (born 1871)
- March 2 – Luigj Gurakuqi, Albanian writer and politician (born 1879)
- April 7 – Gerhard Gran, Norwegian literary historian, essayist and biographer (born 1856)
- May 12 – Amy Lowell, American poet (born 1874)
- June 6 – Pierre Louÿs, French poet (born 1870)
- July 16 – Pyotr Gnedich, Russian writer (born 1855)
- July 15 – Mary Cholmondeley, English novelist (born 1859)
- September 11 – Gustav Kastropp, German poet and librettist (born 1844)
- October 31 – José Ingenieros, Argentine positivist philosopher, essayist and physician (born 1877)
- October 7 – Felix Liebermann, German-Jewish historian (born 1851)
- December 5 – Władysław Reymont, Polish novelist, Nobel Prize winner (born 1867)
- December 28 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (born 1895)
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Liam O'Flaherty, The Informer
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Geoffrey Scott, The Portrait of Zelide
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Charles Finger, Tales from Silver Lands
- Nobel Prize for Literature: George Bernard Shaw (awarded in 1926)
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Sidney Howard, They Knew What They Wanted
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Man Who Died Twice
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Edna Ferber, So Big
- Jones, Neal T., ed. (1984). A Book of Days for the Literary Year. New York; London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-01332-2.
- Whitworth, Michael H. (2005). Virginia Woolf. Authors in Context. Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780191516566. Retrieved 2014-07-03.
- "Aldwych Theatre". The Times. London. 1925-07-23. p. 12.
- Cohen, Matthew Isaac (2007). "Riboet, Miss (1900?–1965)". In Leiter, Samuel L. Encyclopedia of Asian Theatre: O-Z. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. pp. 161–62. ISBN 978-0-313-33531-0.
- The Death of Christopher Marlowe.
- Several different names had been mentioned in connection with Marlowe's death, two of which were "one Ingram" and "ffrancis ffrezer". Hotson stumbled on the name "Ingram Frizer" and "felt at once that I had come upon the man who killed Christopher Marlowe." (p. 23).
- Kojecky, Roger (1972). T. S. Eliot's Social Criticism. London: Faber & Faber. p. 55. ISBN 0571096921.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.