1927 Michigan Wolverines football team

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1927 Michigan Wolverines football
1927 Michigan Wolverines football team.jpg
Conference Big Ten Conference
1927 record 6–2 (3–2 Big Ten)
Head coach Elton Wieman (1st year)
MVP Bennie Oosterbaan
Captain Bennie Oosterbaan
Home stadium Michigan Stadium
Seasons
« 1926 1928 »
1927 Big Ten football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Illinois § 5 0 0     7 0 1
Minnesota § 3 0 1     6 0 2
Michigan 3 2 0     6 2 0
Chicago 3 3 0     4 4 0
Purdue 2 2 0     6 2 0
Northwestern 2 3 0     4 4 0
Ohio State 2 3 0     4 4 0
Indiana 1 2 1     3 4 1
Iowa 1 4 0     4 4 0
Wisconsin 1 4 0     4 4 0
§ – Conference co-champions
Rankings from Dickinson System

The 1927 Michigan Wolverines football team represented the University of Michigan in the 1927 college football season. The 1927 season was Michigan's first in its new stadium, Michigan Stadium. It was also the first under new head coach Elton Wieman following the retirement of Fielding H. Yost as head coach. Michigan shut out its first four opponents before losing to 1927 Big Ten Conference champion Illinois and later to Big Ten runner up Minnesota. Michigan compiled a record of 6–2 (3–2 Big Ten) and outscored its opponents by a combined score of 137 to 39.

Left end Bennie Oosterbaan was the team's captain and was selected as the team's most valuable player and as a consensus first-team All-American for the third consecutive year. Halfback Louis Gilbert was Michigan's leading scorer with 63 points in seven games. Three Michigan players -- Oosterbaan, Gilbert and guard Ray Baer -- were all selected as first-team All-Big Ten players. Baer was also selected as a second-team All-American.

Schedule[edit]

Date Time Opponent Site Result Attendance
October 1, 1927 Ohio Wesleyan* Michigan StadiumAnn Arbor, MI W 33–0   17,483
October 8, 1927 Michigan State* Michigan Stadium • Ann Arbor, MI W 21–0   27,864
October 15, 1927 at Wisconsin Camp Randall StadiumMadison, WI W 14–0   32,645
October 22, 1927 Ohio State Michigan Stadium • Ann Arbor, MI W 21–0   84,401
October 29, 1927 at Illinois Memorial StadiumChampaign, IL L 0–14   61,924
November 5, 1927 at Chicago Stagg FieldChicago, IL W 14–0   53,042
November 12, 1927 Navy* Michigan Stadium • Ann Arbor, MI W 27–12   83,650
November 19, 1927 Minnesotadagger Michigan Stadium • Ann Arbor, MI L 7–13   84,423
*Non-conference game. daggerHomecoming. All times are in Eastern Time.

Season summary[edit]

Michigan's former and new head coaches

Pre-season[edit]

In 1925 and 1926, Michigan had featured quarterback Benny Friedman and end Bennie Oosterbaan, both consensus All-Americans who were sometimes known as "The Benny-to-Bennie Show." Oosterbaan returned for his senior year in 1927, but Friedman was lost to graduation. The 1927 Wolverines also lost back Bo Molenda who went on to play nine seasons in the National Football League.

In addition to roster changes, the months before the opening of Michigan's 1927 season featured two important developments: the construction of Michigan Stadium and the resignation of Fielding H. Yost as head football coach.

The construction of Michigan Stadium began in September 1926 with excavation of the site. The excavation was complicated by the presence of underground springs and was not completed until April 1927. Construction of the stadium itself began in May 1927 with the pouring of concrete. Between May 9 and September 1, 1927, more than 11,000 yards of concrete were poured along with installation of 440 tons of reinforcing steel and 31,000 square feet of wire mesh. The installation of seats and the playing field began in June 1927. With athletic director Yost supervising every step in the process, the stadium was reportedly completed "on time and within budget," with the cost of construction totaling $1,131,733.36.[1]

On September 15, 1927, with construction of the new stadium in its final phase, Yost at age 56 announced his resignation as Michigan's head football coach. Elton Wieman was named as the team's new head coach. Wieman had played for Yost from 1916 to 1917 and, after military service, in 1920. He had been an assistant coach at Michigan for several years. Yost cited his ongoing responsibilities as the school's athletic director, including construction of the new football stadium and a new intramural building, as the reason for his resignation.[2][3]

Week 1: Ohio Wesleyan[edit]

Week 1: Ohio Wesleyan at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Ohio Wesleyan 0 0 0 0 0
Michigan 13 14 6 0 33

On October 1, 1927, Michigan played its first game at Michigan Stadium. The opponent scheduled was Ohio Wesleyan University, where Fielding H. Yost had begun his coaching career in 1897. Under Yost, Ohio Wesleyan had played Michigan to a scoreless tie. When Ferry Field was opened in 1905, Ohio Wesleyan was invited as the first opponent to play at Ferry Field, a game that Michigan won by a 65-0 score.[4]

Michigan defeated Ohio Wesleyan by a 33-0 score in the opening game of the 1927 season. Although the official paid attendance was reported as 17,483,[5] newspaper accounts reported that the game was played before more than 40,000 spectators.[6][7] An account written for the Bentley Historical Library at the University of Michigan indicates that the discrepancy was likely due to the fact that thousands of high school students attended the game for free.[4]

The game was played on a wet and muddy field following a hard rain.[4] Right end Laverne "Kip" Taylor scored the first touchdown in the new stadium on a 15-yard touchdown pass from right halfback Louis Gilbert in the first quarter. Gilbert was the game's biggest star, as he either scored or passed for all five Michigan touchdowns and kicked three points after touchdown. Gilbert scored on a 24-yard return of a partially-blocked punt and on an a 90-yard return of the opening kickoff in the second half. He also threw touchdown passes to quarterback Leo Hoffman and left end Bennie Oosterbaan.[6][8][7]

Michigan's opening lineup against Ohio Wesleyan was Oosterbaan (left end), Otto Pommerening (left tackle), John Palmaroli (left guard), Carl Thisted (center), Ray Baer (right guard), Henry Grinnell (right tackle), Taylor (right end), Hoffman (quarterback), Samuel Babcock (left halfback), Gilbert (right halfback), and George Rich (fullback).[6][8]

Week 2: Michigan State[edit]

Week 2: Michigan State at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan State 0 0 0 0 0
Michigan 7 7 0 7 21

On October 8, 1927, Michigan defeated Michigan State by a 21-0 score. Michigan's first two touchdowns came on running plays by halfback Louis Gilbert and fullback George Rich, and the third came on a pass from quarterback Leo Hoffman to left end Bennie Oosterbaan. Gilbert kicked one point after touchdown, and Walter Geistert added two.[9][10]

Michigan's starting lineup against Michigan State was Oosterbaan (left end), Frank Harrigan (left tackle), John Palmeroli (left guard), George Nicholson (center), Carl Thisted (right guard), Norman Gabel (right tackle), Marshall Boden (right end), Hoffman (quarterback), Sam Babcock (left halfback), Gilbert (right halfback), and Rich (fullback).[10]

Week 3: at Wisconsin[edit]

Week 3: Michigan at Wisconsin
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan 0 0 0 0 0
Wisconsin 0 7 0 7 14

On October 15, 1927, Michigan defeated Wisconsin by a 14-0 score. Michigan's touchdowns were scored by fullback George Rich and left halfback Louis Gilbert. Rich's touchdown came in the second quarter after quarterback Leo Hoffman advanced the ball 26 yards to the one-foot line on a "triple pass".[11] The second touchdown followed a Wisconsin fumble at its own one-yard line with Michigan's left tackle Otto Pommerening recovering the loose ball. Gilbert then scored on a lateral pass from left end Bennie Oosterbaan.[12] Gilbert also kicked for two points after touchdown, though he was injured in the game. Oosterbaan also caught four passes for 79 yards and was credited with being the key to Michigan's defense: "Defensively it was a case of Oosterbaan at all stages. He was the first down the field under punts. He was usually the man who waylaid the [backs] in the Badger backfield."[12]

Michigan's starting lineup against Michigan State was Bennie Oosterbaan (left end), Otto Pommerening (left tackle), John Palmeroli (left guard), Alan Bovard (center), Ray Baer (right guard), Norman Gabel (right tackle), Laverne "Kip" Taylor (right end), Leo Hoffman (quarterback), Gilbert (left halfback), Sam Babcock (right halfback), and Rich (fullback).[11][12]

Week 4: Ohio State[edit]

Week 4: Ohio State at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Ohio State 0 0 0 0 0
Michigan 0 7 7 7 21
Dedication game for Michigan Stadium

On October 22, 1927, Michigan defeated Ohio State 21-0 in the official dedication game for Michigan Stadium. Before the game began, the Governors of Michigan (Fred W. Green) and Ohio (A. Victor Donahey) and other dignitaries followed the two university bands onto the field for the playing of "The Star-Spangled Banner".[13] The Michigan Alumnus reported that the game was played before a crowd of 85,000 spectators and described the day as follows: "As a football spectacle, of course, it wholly surpassed anything in Michigan history. Ann Arbor flung open its gates to a horde of visitors nearly triple the size of its own population-and the new stadium swallowed them by two o'clock in the afternoon."[14] Planes flew overhead throughout the game, prompting the Detroit Free Press to declare: "It is about time an end is put to this practice of free lance air men of picking courses over crowded areas. Any kind of a spill while any one of the fliers was above a stadium might have meant a hundred deaths."[13]

All three Michigan touchdowns were scored on passes from left end Bennie Oosterbaan to left halfback Louis Gilbert. Gilbert also kicked all three points after touchdown, claiming responsibility for all of Michigan's 21 points. The first touchdown came in the second quarter on a pass than went 25 yards in the air with Gilbert then running the remaining 15 yards with the ball. The second touchdown in the third quarter came on a pass from Oosterbaan to Gilbert that covered 38 yards.[15][16][17]

Michigan's starting lineup against Ohio State was Oosterbaan (left end), Otto Pommerening (left tackle), John Palmeroli (left guard), Alan Bovard (center), Ray Baer (right guard), Norman Gabel (right tackle), Herman Nyland (right end), Leo Hoffman (quarterback), James Miller (left halfback), Gilbert (right halfback), and George Rich (fullback).[16]

Week 5: at Illinois[edit]

Week 5: Michigan at Illinois
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan 0 0 0 0 0
Illinois 7 0 7 0 14

On October 29, 1927, Michigan traveled to Champaign, Illinois, and lost its first game of the season losing to Illinois by a 14-0 score. Michigan played without its backfield star, Louis Gilbert, who was injured the prior week when he threw three touchdown passes against Ohio State. The first Illinois touchdown followed a fumble by Gilbert's replacement, William Puckelwartz, at Michigan's seven-yard line. Illinois' halfback Timm ran around the end for the touchdown.[18][19]

Michigan's starting lineup against Illinois was Bennie Oosterbaan (left end), Frank Harrigan (left tackle), John Palmeroli (left guard), Alan Bovard (center), Ray Baer (right guard), Norman Gabel (right tackle), Herman Nyland (right end), Leo Hoffman (quarterback), James F. Miller (left halfback), Puckelwartz (right halfback), and George Rich (fullback).[18]

Week 6: at Chicago[edit]

Week 6: Michigan at Chicago
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan 0 0 14 0 14
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0

On November 5, 1927, Michigan defeated the University of Chicago Maroons 14-0 at Stagg Field in Chicago. At the end of the second quarter Louis Gilbert attempted a field goal after Michigan had moved the ball to Chicago's 17-yard line, but his kick hit the goal post. Michigan's first points came in the third quarter on a trick play in which Bennie Oosterbaan took the ball from quarterback James Miller on what appeared to be an end run from the two-yard line. Instead, Oosterbaan tossed a lateral pass to Gilbert who scored the touchdown. Michigan's second touchdown also came in the third quarter with the ball on Chicago's 22-yard line. Gilbert threw a touchdown pass to Oosterbaan who was guarded by two defenders and leaped to grab the pass as he crossed the goal line. Gilbert also kicked both points after touchdown.[20][21]

Michigan's starting lineup against Chicago was Bennie Oosterbaan (left end), Otto Pommerening (left tackle), John Palmeroli (left guard), Alan Bovard (center), Ray Baer (right guard), Norman Gabel (right tackle), LeRoy Heston (right end), James F. Miller (quarterback), Gilbert (left halfback), William Puckelwartz (right halfback), and George Rich (fullback).[18]

Week 7: Navy[edit]

Week 7: Navy at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Navy 6 0 6 0 12
Michigan 14 0 13 0 27

On November 12, 1927, Michigan defeated Navy by a 27-12 score at Michigan Stadium. Fullback George Rich scored two touchdowns for Michigan. Quarterback Jim Miller ran for 117 yards on 17 carries and scored a touchdown. The final Michigan touchdown was scored by Bennie Oosterbaan. Louis Gilbert kicked three points after touchdown. Navy's touchdowns were scored by Whitey Lloyd and Shag Ransford.[22]

Michigan's starting lineup against Navy was Bennie Oosterbaan (left end), Otto Pommerening (left tackle), John Palmeroli (left guard), John Schoenfeld (center), Ray Baer (right guard), Howard Poe (right tackle), Herman Nyland (right end), James F. Miller (quarterback), William Puckelwartz (left halfback), Louis Gilbert (right halfback), and George Rich (fullback).[22]

Week 8: Minnesota[edit]

Week 8: Minnesota at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Minnesota 0 0 6 7 13
Michigan 7 0 0 0 7

On November 19, 1927, Michigan lost to Minnesota by a 13-7 score at Michigan Stadium. Bennie Oosterbaan scored Michigan's touchdown in the first quarter on a long forward pass from halfback William Puckelwartz, and Louis Gilbert kicked the point after touchdown. Minnesota came from behind with 13 points in the second half on touchdown runs by Herb Joesting and a touchdown pass from Harold "Shorty" Almquist to Haycraft. Minnesota had 15 first downs in the game while Michigan had only two. Minnesota's victory was its first over Michigan since 1919. The game was also the Michigan's first defeat at Michigan Stadium and the final college football game for Michigan stars Oosterbaan and Gilbert and for Minnesota stars Joesting and Almquist.[23][24] Walter Eckersall served as the game's referee and wrote in the Chicago Tribune: "For hard, aggressive playing combined with splendid sportsmanship it was one of the best struggles I ever officiated in."[24]

Michigan's starting lineup against Navy was Oosterbaan (left end), Otto Pommerening (left tackle), John Palmeroli (left guard), Alan Bovard (center), Ray Baer (right guard), Norman Gabel (right tackle), Herman Nyland (right end), James F. Miller (quarterback), Gilbert (left halfback), Puckelwartz (right halfback), and George Rich (fullback).[23]

Players[edit]

Varsity letter winners[edit]

All-American end Bennie Oosterbaan
All-Big Ten halfback Louis Gilbert

The following players won varsity letters for their work on the 1929 football team:[25]

  • Ray Baer – started 8 games at right guard
  • Alan Bovard – started 6 games at center
  • Victor E. Domhoff – quarterback
  • Fred W. Fuller – fullback
  • Norman Gabel – started 6 games at right tackle
  • Joe Gembis – halfback
  • Louis Gilbert – started 6 games at right halfback, 1 game at left halfback
  • Frank A. Harrigan – started 1 game at left tackle
  • LeRoy G. Heston – started 2 games at right end
  • Leo W. Hoffman – started 5 games at quarterback
  • James F. Miller – started 3 games at quarterback, 2 games at left halfback
  • Herman Z. Nyland – started 4 games at right end
  • Bennie Oosterbaan – started 8 games at left end
  • John M. Palmeroli – started 7 games at left guard, 1 game at left tackle
  • Howard W. Poe – started 1 game at right tackle
  • Otto Pommerening – started 6 games at left tackle, 1 game at left guard
  • William H. Puckelwartz – started 2 games at left halfback, 2 games at right halfback
  • George E. Rich – started 8 games at fullback
  • John B. Schoenfeld – started 1 game at center
  • Laverne "Kip" Taylor – started 1 game at right end
  • John Dallas Whittle – quarterback

aMa letter winners[edit]

The following players won aMa letters for their work on the 1927 football team:[25]

  • Sam Babcock – started 3 games at left halfback
  • Marshall H. Boden – started 1 game at right end
  • Clare F. Carter – end
  • Roy Cragin – center
  • Paul Flajole – guard
  • Walter E. Geistert – halfback
  • Henry Grinnell - started 1 game at right tackle
  • Douglas Kerr - end
  • Jennings McBride – quarterback
  • George Nicholson, Jr. - guard
  • Roy F. Parker - guard
  • Edwin B. Poorman - tackle
  • James S. Robbins - tackle
  • Bruce Schwarze - halfback
  • Harvey G. Straub - quarterback
  • Dominic Sullo - halfback
  • Carl Thisted - started 1 game at center
  • Harold Walder - tackle

Scoring leaders[edit]

Player Touchdowns Extra points Field goals Total
Points
Louis Gilbert 8 15 0 63
Bennie Oosterbaan 5 0 0 30
George Rich 4 0 0 24
Leo Hoffman 1 0 0 6
James Miller 1 0 0 6
Kip Taylor 1 0 0 6
Walter Geistert 0 2 0 2
Totals 20 14 0 137

Awards and honors[edit]

Coaching and administrative staff[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Michigan Stadium Story: Building the Big House". University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Yost Ends Reign as Michigan Coach: Announces Retirement as Mentor of Football Team, Effective for This Season; Wieman to Take Helm". The New York Times. September 16, 1927. 
  3. ^ "Yost Retires as Grid Coach at Michigan". Chicago Tribune. September 16, 1927. p. 19. 
  4. ^ a b c "The Michigan Stadium Story: Opening Day, Oct. 1, 1927, UM vs. Ohio". University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "1927 Football Team". University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Michigan Runs Rings Around Ohio Wesleyan". Chicago Tribune. October 2, 1927. p. 2-1. 
  7. ^ a b Herbert Vedder (October 1927). "Michigan Wins Opening Game by 33-0 Score: Record Attendance of 40,000 People Witness Contest Despite Rain". The Michigan Daily. 
  8. ^ a b "Michigan On Top". The New York Times. October 2, 1927. 
  9. ^ "Michigan Is Pressed". The New York Times. October 8, 1927. 
  10. ^ a b "Michigan Beats State Rivals By Score of 21 to 0: Gilbert Injured in First Half of Game". Chicago Tribune. October 9, 1927. 
  11. ^ a b "Michigan Downs Badgers". The New York Times. October 16, 1927. 
  12. ^ a b c Irving Vaughan (October 16, 1927). "Michigan Is Victor Over Badgers, 14-0". Chicago Tribune. 
  13. ^ a b William H. Richards (October 1927). "Dedication Ceremony Marked By Simplicity: Short Parade of Notables Formally Anoints New Castle of Athletics before Players Finish Task". Detroit Free Press. 
  14. ^ "Stadium Dedicated With 21-0 Victory: Michigan Air Attack Humbles Ohio State Before Monster Crowd". The Michigan Alumnus. October 1927. 
  15. ^ "Michigan Passes Win Before 85,000: All Three Touchdowns Against Ohio State Are Tosses from Oosterbaan to Gilbert". The New York Times. October 23, 1927. 
  16. ^ a b Harvey Woodruff (October 23, 1927). "86,000 Look On as Michigan Stuns Ohio State, 21 to 0". Chicago Tribune. 
  17. ^ Herbert E. Vedder (October 23, 1927). "Oosterbaan's Pass to Gilbert Results in First Touchdown: Invaders Outplayed in First Half by Fighting Wolverines; Puckelwartz Gets into Game in First Half; Eby Is Hurt in Second Quarter". The Michigan Daily. 
  18. ^ a b c "Michigan Is Upset by Illinois, 14 to 0". The New York Times. October 30, 1927. 
  19. ^ "Illini Crush Michigan Title Hope, 14-0: Yost Men, With Gilbert Out, Are Helpless". Chicago Tribune. October 30, 1927. 
  20. ^ "2 Michigan Passes Stop Chicago, 14-0". The New York Times. November 6, 1927. 
  21. ^ Don Maxwell (November 6, 1927). "60,000 Watch Michigan Defeat Chicago, 14 to 0: Crush Maroon Line as Roush Leaves Game; Gilbert and Oosterbaan Lead Offense". Chicago Tribune. 
  22. ^ a b "87,000 See Navy Bow to Michigan: Wolverines Dash Away to Early Lead and Triumph After Hard Fight, 27-12". The New York Times. November 13, 1927. 
  23. ^ a b "Minnesota Victor Over Michigan, 13-7: 86,000 See Gophers Gain Their First Triumph Over Old Rivals Since 1919; Joesting Crushes Foe". The New York Times. November 20, 1927. 
  24. ^ a b Walter Eckersall (November 20, 1927). "Minnesota Beats Michigan, 13 to 7: Gophers' Drive in Last Half Brings Victory". Chicago Tribune. 
  25. ^ a b 1928 Michiganesian, "1927 Varsity Squad," page 192.
  26. ^ "2014 NCAA Football Records: Consensus All-America Selections" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). 2014. p. 5. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  27. ^ "East, West and South Share All-American Honors: Mythical Eleven Averages 185 Pounds With Every Man A Captain". Billings Gazette. 1927-12-11. (AP)
  28. ^ Frank Getty (1927-11-27). "Famous Grid Coaches Pick Stars Of Year: Westerners Land Seven Places On Mythical Team". Syracuse Herald. (UP)
  29. ^ "Big Ten Grid Coaches Choose All-Conference Mythical Elevens". Daily Illini. November 24, 1927. 

External links[edit]