1927 U.S. Open (golf)

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1927 U.S. Open
Tournament information
Dates June 14–17, 1927
Location Oakmont, Pennsylvania
Course(s) Oakmont Country Club
Organized by USGA
Format Stroke play − 72 holes
Statistics
Par 72[1]
Length 6,965 yards (6,369 m)[2][3]
Field 148 players,[3] 62 after cut
Cut 163 (+19)
Prize fund $2,000
Winner's share $500
Champion
Scotland United States Tommy Armour
301 (+13), playoff
Oakmont  is located in the US
Oakmont 
Oakmont 
Location in the United States
 Oakmont is located in Pennsylvania
 Oakmont
 Oakmont
Location in Pennsylvania

The 1927 U.S. Open was the 31st U.S. Open, held June 14–17 at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, a suburb northeast of Pittsburgh. Tommy Armour defeated Harry Cooper in an 18-hole playoff to win the first of his three major titles.

The surprise second round leader was amateur Harrison Johnston,[4][5] who won the U.S. Amateur two years later in 1929. In the third round on Thursday morning, he suffered two double bogeys on the front-nine, carded a 87 (+15), and finished in 19th place. Gene Sarazen, Walter Hagen, Bill Mehlhorn, and Emmet French were all in contention in the final round, but only French managed to break 40 on the back-nine. Tommy Armour shot a final round 76 and 301 total, while Harry Cooper shot 77. Armour needed a 10-foot (3 m) putt for birdie on the par-4 18th to tie Cooper and force a playoff.[2][6] Neither player managed to break par during any round in the tournament.[7][8]

Both players were tied after nine holes of the Friday playoff, even though they only halved one hole. Cooper then took a two-shot lead, but an Armour birdie at 13 and a Cooper bogey at 15 brought the match to all square. On the 16th, Cooper found a bunker off the tee and recorded a double bogey, while Armour made par to gain a two-stroke advantage did not relinquish. Armour finished with a 76 to Cooper's 79.[1][9]

Armour's winning score of 301 was the highest since 1919, and the last time the winning score exceeded 300 strokes. Only one round under 70 was recorded, Al Espinosa's 69 in the final round. After Armour, no foreign-born player won the U.S. Open for another 38 years, until Gary Player in 1965. England's Ted Ray, the 1920 champion, played in his first Open since his win; it would also be his last. The 12th hole at Oakmont measured 621 yards (568 m), the longest in U.S. Open history until 1955.

While Armour won two more majors, Cooper never won one. His 31 PGA Tour victories are the most by a player without a major win, and he is often cited as the "best player to never win a major."

Defending champion Bobby Jones and Eddie Jones shared low-amateur honors and tied for eleventh. It was the only time in his eleven U.S. Open appearances that Bobby Jones finished outside the top ten.

This was the first U.S. Open held at Oakmont, which hosted its ninth in 2016. It has also hosted three PGA Championships; the first in 1922 was a match play event won by Gene Sarazen.

This was the last U.S. Open to commence on Tuesday; the following year the first round was scheduled for Thursday.

Past champions in the field[edit]

Made the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Gene Sarazen  United States 1922 74 74 80 74 302 +14 3
Walter Hagen  United States 1914, 1919 77 73 76 81 307 +19 6
Bobby Jones (a)  United States 1923, 1926 76 77 79 77 309 +21 T11
Willie Macfarlane  Scotland 1925 82 76 80 73 311 +23 T18
Jim Barnes  England 1921 78 75 81 79 313 +25 T24
Ted Ray Jersey Jersey 1920 76 83 77 78 314 +26 T27
George Sargent  England 1909 80 79 80 83 322 +34 T44

Source:[5][6]

Missed the cut[edit]

Player Country Year won R1 R2 Total To par
Chick Evans (a)  United States 1916 88 78 166 +22

Source:[10]

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Tuesday, June 14, 1927

Place Player Country Score To par
T1 Harry Hampton  Scotland
 United States
73 +1
Harrison Johnston  United States
T3 Harry Cooper  England
 United States
74 +2
Gene Sarazen  United States
T5 Emmet French  United States 75 +3
Bill Mehlhorn  United States
Larry Nabboltz  United States
T8 Bobby Jones (a)  United States 76 +4
Ted Ray  Jersey
T10 Bobby Cruickshank  Scotland
 United States
77 +5
Walter Hagen  United States
P.O. Hart  United States
Bob MacDonald  Scotland
 United States

Source:[11]

Second round[edit]

Wednesday, June 15, 1927

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Harrison Johnston  United States 73-74=147 +3
2 Gene Sarazen  United States 74-74=148 +4
3 Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
78-71=149 +5
T4 Harry Cooper  England
 United States
74-76=150 +6
Walter Hagen  United States 77-73=150
6 Harry Hampton  Scotland
 United States
73-78=151 +7
T7 Fred Baroni  United States 80-72=152 +8
Leo Diegel  United States 78-74=152
Bill Mehlhorn  United States 75-77=152
T10 Jim Barnes  United States 78-75=153 +9
Archie Compston  England 79-74=153
Bobby Jones (a)  United States 76-77=153
Eddie Loos  United States 78-75=153

Source:[5]

Third round[edit]

Thursday, June 16, 1927 (morning)

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Harry Cooper  England
 United States
74-76-74=224 +8
2 Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
78-71-76=225 +9
3 Walter Hagen  United States 77-73-76=226 +10
4 Gene Sarazen  United States 74-74-80=228 +12
5 Archie Compston  England 79-74-76=229 +13
T6 Bobby Cruickshank  Scotland
 United States
77-78-76=231 +15
Emmet French  United States 75-79-77=231
Harry Hampton  Scotland
 United States
73-78-80=231
T9 Leo Diegel  United States 78-74-80=232 +16
Johnny Farrell  United States 81-73-78=232
Eddie Loos  United States 78-75-79=232
Bill Mehlhorn  United States 75-77-80=232

Source:[6]

Final round[edit]

Thursday, June 16, 1927 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
T1 Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
78-71-76-76=301 +13 Playoff
Harry Cooper  England
 United States
74-76-74-77=301
3 Gene Sarazen  United States 74-74-80-74=302 +14 200
4 Emmet French  United States 75-79-77-73=304 +16 150
5 Bill Mehlhorn  United States 75-77-80-73=305 +17 100
6 Walter Hagen  United States 77-73-76-81=307 +19 90
T7 Archie Compston  England 79-74-76-79=308 +20 73
Johnny Farrell  United States 81-73-78-76=308
Johnny Golden  United States 83-77-75-73=308
Harry Hampton  Scotland
 United States
73-78-80-77=308

Source:[5][6]

Playoff[edit]

Friday, June 17, 1927

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
39-37=76 +4 500
2 Harry Cooper  England
 United States
39-40=79 +7 300

Source:[1]

Scorecard[edit]

Hole  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 5 4 4 5 4 3 4 3 5 4 4 5 3 4 4 3 4 4
ScotlandUnited States Armour –1 –1 E E +1 +1 +2 +2 +2 +3 +4 +4 +4 +5 +5 +5 +4 +4
EnglandUnited States Cooper E E E +1 +1 +2 +2 +3 +2 +2 +2 +2 +3 +4 +5 +7 +6 +7
Eagle Birdie Bogey Double bogey Triple bogey+

Source:[1][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gould, Alan (June 18, 1927). "Tommy Armour Open Champ". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. p. 1-part. 
  2. ^ a b Shefter, David (February 28, 2007). "Getting their due: Jones, Parks, Hogan tasted victory at Oakmont". USGA. Retrieved May 19, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Rohm, Harland (June 14, 1927). "148 golfers to start play in U.S. Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 25. 
  4. ^ Brown, Warren (June 16, 1927). "Johnston on top in Open golf tourney". Milwaukee Sentinel. Universal Service. p. 1, part 2. 
  5. ^ a b c d Rohm, Harland (June 16, 1927). "Johnston leads U.S. Open play with 147 total". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 15. 
  6. ^ a b c d Rohm, Harland (June 17, 1927). "Armour ties Cooper for National Open title". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 17. 
  7. ^ "Cooper and Armour play off today for U.S. golf laurels". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 17, 1927. p. 17. 
  8. ^ Gould, Alan J. (June 17, 1927). "Two pros contest for title today". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. p. 11. 
  9. ^ a b Rohm, Harland (June 18, 1927). "Armour wins National Open golf championship". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 19. 
  10. ^ "Scores for 36 holes in Open golf tourney". Pittsburgh Press. June 15, 1927. p. 1. 
  11. ^ Rohm, Harland (June 15, 1927). "Hampton, Johnston tie for National Open lead". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 23. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°31′34″N 79°49′37″W / 40.526°N 79.827°W / 40.526; -79.827