|1928 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2681|
|Balinese saka calendar||1849–1850|
|British Regnal year||18 Geo. 5 – 19 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar||丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)|
4624 or 4564
— to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
4625 or 4565
|- Vikram Samvat||1984–1985|
|- Shaka Samvat||1849–1850|
|- Kali Yuga||5028–5029|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 3|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 17|
|Thai solar calendar||2470–2471|
2054 or 1673 or 901
— to —
2055 or 1674 or 902
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1928.|
1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1928th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 928th year of the 2nd millennium, the 28th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1920s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 In fiction
- 6 References
- January – English bacteriologist Frederick Griffith reports the results of Griffith's experiment, indirectly proving the existence of DNA.
- January 1
- Estonia changes its currency from the mark to the kroon.
- Abolition of domestic slavery in the British Protectorate of Sierra Leone comes into effect.
- Eastern Bloc emigration and defection: Boris Bazhanov, Joseph Stalin's personal secretary, crosses the border to Iran to defect from the Soviet Union.
- January 6–7 – The River Thames floods in London; 14 drown. On January 7 the moat at the Tower of London (drained in 1843 and planted with grass) is completely refilled by the river.
- January 12 – Convicted American murderer Ruth Snyder is executed at Sing Sing.
- January 17 – The OGPU arrests Leon Trotsky in Moscow; he assumes a status of passive resistance.
- January 26 – The volcanic island Anak Krakatau appears.
- January 31 – Leon Trotsky is exiled to Alma-Ata.
- February 8 – British inventor John Logie Baird broadcasts a transatlantic television signal from London to Hartsdale, New York.
- February 11–19 – The 1928 Winter Olympics are held in St. Moritz, Switzerland, the first as a separate event. Sonja Henie of Norway wins her first gold medal in women's figure skating.
- February 12 – Heavy hail kills 11 in Britain.
- February 20 – The Japanese general election produces a hung parliament.
- February 25 – Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, D.C., becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
- March 21 – Charles Lindbergh is presented with the Medal of Honor for his first Transatlantic flight.
- March 26 – The China Academy of Art is founded in Hangzhou (originally named the National Academy of Art).
- April 10 – "Pineapple Primary": The United States Republican Party primary elections in Chicago are preceded by violence, bombings and assassination attempts (two politicians are killed, Octavius C. Granady and Giuseppe Esposito).
- April 12 – A bomb attack against Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini in Milan kills 17 bystanders.
- April 13 – The West Plains, Missouri Dance Hall explosion.
- April 12 – 14 – The first ever east–west transatlantic flight by aeroplane takes place from Dublin, Ireland, to Greenly Island, Canada, using German Junkers W 33 Bremen.
- April 14 – Two earthquakes in Chirpan and Plovdiv in Bulgaria destroy more than 21,000 buildings and kill almost 130 people.
- April 19 – The last section ("wise – wyze") of the original Oxford English Dictionary is completed and published.
- April 22 – An Ms 6.0 earthquake affects southern Greece with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), leaving 20 dead, and destroying 3,000 homes in Corinth. A non-destructive tsunami was also observed.
- April 28 – 28 inches of snow fall in southern-central Pennsylvania.
- May 3 – Jinan incident: An armed conflict between the Imperial Japanese Army allied with Northern Chinese warlords against the Kuomintang's southern army, occurs in Jinan, China.
- May 7 – Passage of the Representation of the People Act in the United Kingdom lowers the voting age for women from 30 to 21 giving them equal suffrage with men from July 2.
- May 10 – The first regular schedule of television programming begins in Schenectady, New York by the General Electric's television station W2XB (the station is popularly known as WGY Television, after its sister radio station WGY).
- May 15
- May 23 – A bomb attack against the Italian consulate in Buenos Aires, Argentina, kills 22 and injures 43.
- May 24 – The airship Italia crashes at the North Pole; one of the occupants is Italian general Umberto Nobile. A rescue expedition leaves for the Pole on May 30.
- May 30 – Rookie driver Louis Meyer wins his first Indianapolis 500. He would win that race again in 1933 and 1936.
- May 31 – South Africa adopts a new national flag, based upon the Van Riebeeck flag or Prinsevlag (originally the Dutch flag), to replace the Red Ensign.
- June 3 – American serial killer Albert Fish kidnaps and kills 10-year-old Grace Budd.
- June 4 – Huanggutun incident: Zhang Zuolin, a warlord, is killed by Japanese agents in China.
- June 8 – By seizing Beijing and renaming it Běipíng, the National Revolutionary Army puts an end to the 'Fengtian warlords' Beiyang government there.
- June 9
- Australian aviator Charles Kingsford Smith and his crew complete the first flight across the Pacific Ocean from the mainland United States to Australia in Fokker F.VII aircraft Southern Cross. Having left Oakland, California on May 31, they reach Brisbane via Honolulu and Fiji.
- Ellis Park Stadium, a well-known sport venue of South Africa, officially opens in Johannesburg.
- June 11 – A medical doctors' strike begins in Vienna.
- June 14 – Students take over the medical wing of Rosario University in Argentina.
- June 17–18 – Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to make a successful Transatlantic flight, as a passenger in a Fokker F.VIIb/3m piloted by Wilmer Stultz from Newfoundland to Wales.
- June 20 – Puniša Račić kills three opposition representatives in the Yugoslavian Parliament and injures three others in gun attack.
- June 24 – A Swedish aeroplane rescues part of the Italian North Pole expedition, including Umberto Nobile. The Soviet icebreaker Krasin saves the rest July 12.
- June 28
- June 29 – At the 1928 Democratic National Convention in Houston, Governor of New York Al Smith becomes the first Catholic nominated by a major political party for President of the United States.
- July 2 – Charles Jenkins Laboratories' W3XK station begins broadcasting on 6.42 MHz using 48 lines.
- July 3 – British inventor John Logie Baird demonstrates the world's first colour television transmission.
- July 7 – The first machine-sliced and machine-wrapped loaf of bread is sold in Chillicothe, Missouri, using Otto Frederick Rohwedder's technology.
- July 12 – Mexican aviator Emilio Carranza dies in a solo plane crash in the New Jersey Pine Barrens, while returning from a goodwill flight to New York City.
- July 17 – José de León Toral assassinates Álvaro Obregón, president of Mexico.
- July 25 – The United States recalls its troops from China.
- July 27
- July 28 – August 12 – The 1928 Summer Olympics are held in Amsterdam, opening with the lighting of the Olympic flame. Women's athletics and gymnastics debut at these games and discus thrower Halina Konopacka of Poland became the first female Olympic gold medal winner for a track or field event. Coca-Cola enters Europe as sponsor of the games.
- August 2 – Italy and Ethiopia sign the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty.
- August 16 – Serial killer Carl Panzram is arrested in Washington, D.C., for burglary. According to his confession, "In my lifetime I have murdered 21 human beings, I have committed thousands of burglaries, robberies, larcenies, arsons and, last but not least, I have committed sodomy on more than 1,000 male human beings. For all these things I am not in the least bit sorry."
- August 22 – Al Smith accepts the Democratic presidential nomination, with WGY/W2XB simulcasting the event on radio and television.
- August 25 – Ahmet Zogu proclaims himself King Zog of Albania; he is crowned September 1.
- August 26 – In Scotland, May Donoghue finds the remains of a snail in her ginger beer, leading to the landmark negligence case Donoghue v Stevenson.
- August 27 – The Kellogg–Briand Pact is signed in Paris, the first treaty to outlaw aggressive war.
- August 29 – C.D. Motagua is founded as an association football club in Honduras.
- August 31 – The Threepenny Opera (German: Die Dreigroschenoper) by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill opens at the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm, Berlin.
- September 1
- September 3
- Philo Farnsworth demonstrates to the Press in San Francisco the world's first working all-electronic television system, employing electronic scanning in both the pickup and display devices.
- Alexander Fleming, at St Mary's Hospital, London, accidentally rediscovers the antibiotic Penicillin.
- September 11 – The Queen's Messenger is the first melodrama broadcast by Ernst F. W. Alexanderson at W2XAD (Schenectady, New York); WMAK (Kenmore) begins broadcasting in Buffalo, New York.
- September 12 – The Okeechobee hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing 1,200 people.
- September 15 – Tich Freeman sets an all-time record for the number of wickets taken in an English cricket season.
- September 16 – The Okeechobee hurricane kills at least 2,500 people in Florida.
- September 25 – Paul and Joseph Galvin incorporate the Galvin Manufacturing Corporation (later known as Motorola and Freescale).
- September 28 – Sir Alexander Fleming notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin.
- October 1 – Joseph Stalin launches the first five-year plan (1928–1932 – The average nonfarm wage falls by 50% in the Soviet Union).
- October 2
- October 7 – Haile Selassie is crowned king (not yet emperor) of Abyssinia.
- October 8 – Chiang Kai-shek is named as Generalissimo (Chairman of the National Military Council) of the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China.
- October 12 – An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children's Hospital, Boston.
- October 19 – William Edward Hickman is executed at San Quentin State Prison for the 1927 murder of 12-year-old Marion Parker.
- October 22 – The Phi Sigma Alpha Fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus.
- October 26 – The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM) is formally established, with the adoption of the "Statutes of the International Red Cross"
- October 28 – The Second Youth Congress was held in Batavia, Dutch East Indies by the young Indonesian nationalists, resulting in the Youth Pledge. The Indonesian national anthem, "Indonesia Raya", was introduced at the congress.
- November 1 – Turkey passes a law switching the country from the Arabic to the Latin-based modern Turkish alphabet.
- November 4 – Arnold Rothstein, New York City's most notorious gambler, is shot to death over a poker game in a Manhattan hotel.
- November 6 – United States presidential election, 1928: Republican Herbert Hoover wins by a wide margin over Democratic Governor of New York Al Smith.
- November 10
- November 12 – The SS Vestris develops a severe starboard list, is abandoned and sinks approximately 200 miles off Hampton Roads, Virginia. Estimates of the dead range from 110 to 127.
- November 17
- November 18 – Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie, the third Mickey Mouse cartoon released, but the first sound film and the first such film to be generally distributed.
- November 22 – The one-movement ballet Boléro with music by Maurice Ravel and choreography by Bronislava Nijinska premières at the Paris Opéra to a commission by Ida Rubinstein.
- December 3 – In Rio de Janeiro, a seaplane sent to greet Alberto Santos-Dumont crashes near Cap Arcona, killing all on board.
- December 6 – The government of Colombia sends military forces to suppress a month-long strike by United Fruit Company workers, resulting in an unknown number of deaths.
- December 21 – The United States Congress approves the construction of Boulder Dam, later renamed Hoover Dam.
- The Ford River Rouge Complex at Dearborn, Michigan, an automobile plant begun in 1917, is completed as the world's largest integrated factory.
- Eliot Ness begins to lead the prohibition unit in Chicago.
- The old Canaanite city of Ugarit is rediscovered.
- Margaret Mead's influential cultural anthropology text Coming of Age in Samoa is published in the U.S.
- The Episcopal Church in the United States of America ratifies a new revision of the Book of Common Prayer.
- W2XBS, RCA's first television station, is established in New York City.
- January 1
- January 2
- Avie Bennett, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2017)
- Howard Caine, American character actor (d. 1993)
- Alberto Zedda, Italian conductor and musicologist (d. 2017)
- Robert Goralski, American journalist (d. 1988)
- Daisaku Ikeda, Japanese religious leader, the 3rd President of Soka Gakkai
- Ellen Kaarma, Estonian actress (d. 1973)
- Tamio Ōki, Japanese actor, voice actor and narrator (d. 2017)
- Kate Molale, South African anti-Apartheid activist (d. 1980)
- Dan Rostenkowski, American politician from Illinois (d. 2010)
- January 3
- January 4 – Maurice Rigobert Marie-Sainte, Martinique Roman Catholic clergyman (d. 2017)
- January 5
- January 6 – George H. Ross, American businessman
- January 7 – William Peter Blatty, American writer (d. 2017)
- January 8
- January 9 – Domenico Modugno, Italian singer, songwriter, actor and politician (d. 1994)
- January 10 – Philip Levine, American poet (d. 2015)
- January 11
- January 13 – Bengt Gustavsson, Swedish footballer and manager (d. 2017)
- January 14
- January 15
- January 16
- January 17
- January 18 – Terence Higgins, Baron Higgins, English athlete and politician
- January 19 – Mauro Panaggio, American basketball coach (d. 2018)
- January 20 – Malang, Filipino artist (d. 2017)
- January 21
- January 22
- January 23
- January 24
- January 25
- January 26 – Roger Vadim, French film director (d. 2000)
- January 27 – Hans Modrow, East German Premier
- January 28 – Jorge Zorreguieta, Argentine businessman and politician (d. 2017)
- January 28 – Peter Byrne, English actor and directo (d. 2018)
- January 30
- February 1
- February 2
- February 3 – Frankie Vaughan, British singer (d. 1999)
- February 4
- February 5 – Andrew Greeley, American Roman Catholic priest and fiction novelist (d. 2013)
- February 8 – Gene Lees, Canadian biographer and lyricist (d. 2010)
- February 9
- February 13 – Refik Erduran, Turkish playwright, columnist and writer (d. 2017)
- February 14 – Norman Bridwell, American cartoonist (d. 2014)
- February 15 – Luis Posada Carriles, Cuban militant (d. 2018)
- February 16 – Porfi Jiménez, Dominican-Venezuelan musician (d. 2010)
- February 18 – John Ostrom, American paleontologist (d. 2005)
- February 19 – Onuora Nzekwu, Nigerian writer (d. 2017)
- February 20
- February 22
- February 23
- February 24 – Naqsh Lyallpuri, Indian ghazal (d. 2017)
- February 26
- February 27 – Cláudio Correia e Castro, Brazilian actor (d. 2005)
- February 29
- March 1 – Jacques Rivette, French filmmaker (d. 2016)
- March 3
- March 4
- March 6
- March 7
- March 8 – Gerald Bull, Canadian engineer (d. 1990)
- March 9
- March 10
- March 11 – Sandy Mactaggart, Scottish-born Canadian educator and philanthropist (d. 2017)
- March 12
- March 14
- March 16
- March 18
- March 19
- Clive van Ryneveld, South African cricketer (d. 2018)
- Arthur Cook, American sport shooter
- Dequinha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1997)
- John Hall Buchanan Jr., American politician (d. 2018)
- Hans Küng, Swiss Roman Catholic theologian
- Patrick McGoohan, American-born British-based actor of Irish descent (d. 2009)
- March 20 – Fred Rogers, American children's television host (d. 2003)
- March 21 – Surya Bahadur Thapa, 24th Prime Minister of Nepal (d. 2015)
- March 23 – Raymond Wilson, English physicist (d. 2018)
- March 24
- March 25
- March 28
- March 29 – Vincent Gigante, American Mafia gangster (d. 2005)
- March 30
- March 31
- April 1 – George Grizzard, American actor (d. 2007)
- April 2
- April 3 – Jennifer Paterson, English chef, actress, and television personality (d. 1999)
- April 4
- April 6
- April 7
- April 8 – Eric Porter, English actor (d. 1995)
- April 9
- April 10
- April 11 – Ethel Kennedy, wife of Robert F. Kennedy
- April 12
- April 14 – Egil Monn-Iversen, Norwegian composer and pianist (d. 2017)
- April 15 – Vida Alves, Brazilian actress (d. 2017)
- April 17
- April 18 – Karl Josef Becker, German cardinal (d. 2015)
- April 19
- April 20 – Robert Byrne, American chess player (d. 2013)
- April 23 – Shirley Temple, American actress and diplomat (d. 2014)
- April 24 – Tommy Docherty, Scottish footballer and manager
- April 25
- April 27
- April 28 – Yves Klein, French artist (d. 1962)
- May 1
- Marcelo Pinto Carvalheira, Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 2017)
- Delfim Netto, Brazilian economist, former Minister of Finance, Agriculture, and Planning of Brazil, professor and congressman
- Sonny James, American country singer (d. 2016)
- Sisavath Keobounphanh, 13th Prime Minister of Laos
- Desmond Titterington, British race car driver (d. 2002)
- May 2
- May 3
- May 4
- May 5 – Marshall Grant, American musician (d. 2011)
- May 7 – John Ingle, American actor (d. 2012)
- May 8
- May 9
- May 10
- May 11 – Arthur Foulkes, Former Governor-General of the Bahamas
- May 12
- May 13
- May 14 – Algirdas Šocikas, Lithuanian amateur heavyweight boxer (d. 2012)
- May 16 – Billy Martin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1989)
- May 18 – Pernell Roberts, American actor (d. 2010)
- May 19
- May 21
- May 22 – T. Boone Pickens, American businessman
- May 23
- May 24
- May 26 – Jack Kevorkian, American right-to-die advocate (d. 2011)
- May 29 – George A. Sinner, American politician (d. 2018)
- May 30 – Agnès Varda, Belgian-born French director, producer and screenwriter
- June 1
- June 3
- June 4 – Ruth Westheimer, German-American therapist and author
- June 5 – Tony Richardson, English film and theater director (d. 1991)
- June 6
- June 7 – James Ivory, American director, screenwriter and producer
- June 10 – Maurice Sendak, American children's author/illustrator (d. 2012)
- June 11 – Queen Fabiola of Belgium, Spanish Queen Consort of King Baudouin of Belgium (d. 2014)
- June 12
- June 13
- June 14 – Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna aka Che Guevara, Argentine-born Cuban revolutionary (d. 1967)
- June 16 – Annie Cordy, Belgian actress and singer
- June 17 – Juan María Bordaberry, Uruguayan dictator (d. 2011)
- June 18 – Michael Blakemore, Australian actor and director
- June 19
- June 20
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- Gloria Ruiz, Cuban outfielder
- Robert Dean Hunter, American politician
- Michael Paine, American engineer (b. 2018)
- John A. Wickham Jr., United States Army General
- Edwin Mills, American economist
- Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
- Michel Brault, Canadian cinematographer, cameraman, film director, screenwriter, and film producer (d. 2013)
- Moray Watson, English actor (d. 2017)
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28
- June 29
- Bill Bagley, American politician
- Alfredo Biondi, Italian policitian and lawyer
- Hans Cavalli-Björkman, Swedish lawyer
- James Lincoln Collier, American journalist, professional musician and author
- Uri Gallin, Israeli Olympic discus thrower
- Jean-Louis Pesch, French writer
- Nick Testa, American professional baseball catcher and coach
- Gene Verble, American shortstop (d. 2017)
- June 30
- July 1
- Jim Hankinson, English footballer (d. 2016)
- Bucky McConnell, American former professional basketball player
- Andreas Aarflot, Norwegian theologian and bishop emeritus in the Church of Norway
- Birgitta Ulfsson, Finnish actress (d. 2017)
- Gunnar Möller, German television and film actor (d. 2017)
- Ram Naresh Yadav, Indian politician (d. 2016)
- July 2
- July 3
- July 4
- Teofisto Guingona, Jr., 13th Vice President of the Philippines
- Giampiero Boniperti, Italian football player
- Jassem Alwan, Syrian Army Officer
- Patrick Tilley, British science fiction author
- Constantin Enache, Romanian cross country skier (d. 2017)
- Babe Birrer, American pitcher in Major League Baseball (d. 2013)
- July 5
- Lorraine Fisher, American professional baseball player (d. 2007)
- Juris Hartmanis, prominent computer scientist and computational theorist
- Ernie Kell, American politician (d. 2017)
- Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (d. 2013)
- Bruce Nickells, American harness racing driver and trainer
- Warren Oates, American actor (d. 1982)
- Héctor Tomasi, Argentine bobsledde
- July 6
- July 7
- Patricia Hitchcock, English actress
- Paul Wyss, Swiss politician
- Henry Sommerville, Australian fencer
- Charles James McDonnell, American bishop
- Barbara Granlund, American politician
- Charles J. McDonnell, American army officer
- Tom Chambers, Canadian politician
- Søren Elung Jensen, Danish actor (d. 2017)
- July 8
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11
- Jane Gardam, English writer of children's and adult fiction
- Dor Bahadur Bista, Nepalese anthropologist, social scientist and activist (dis. 1995)
- Andrea Veneracion, Filipina choral conductor (d. 2013)
- Carmelita González, Mexican actress (d. 2010)
- Greville Janner, British politician, barrister and writer (d. 2015)
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14
- Nancy Olson, American actress
- Pal Benko, French chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems
- Bedabrata Barua, Indian politician
- Ion Ioniță, Romanian cyclist
- Haydn Morris, British and Irish Lions international rugby union wing three-quarter
- Laurie Mitchell, American actress
- William Rees-Mogg, English journalist and public servant (d. 2012)
- July 15
- Viramachaneni Vimla Devi, Indian parliamentarian
- Hans Andersson-Tvilling, Swedish ice hockey player
- Stig Andersson-Tvilling, Swedish ice hockey player (d. 1989)
- Tom Troupe, American actor and writer
- Aleksandr Zasukhin, Soviet boxer
- A. Dean Jeffs, American politician (d. 2018)
- Nicholas Rescher, German-American philosopher
- Célio Borja, Brazilian lawyer, professor, jurisconsult and politician
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18
- Baddiewinkle, born Helen Ruth Elam Van Winkle, American internet personality
- Manuel Guerra, Spanish swimmer
- Stig Grybe, Swedish actor, comedian, writer and film director (d. 2017)
- Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch poet and writer (d. 2009)
- Billy Harrell, American reserve infielder in Major League Baseball (d. 2014)
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22
- Freda Dowie, English actress
- Orson Bean, American film, television, and stage actor
- Hugh Edighoffer, Canadian politician
- Robert Bergland, American politician
- Nick Galifianakis, American politician
- Jimmy Hill, English football professional and personality (d. 2015)
- Stu Locklin, Major League Baseball outfielder (d. 2016)
- Keter Betts, American jazz bassist (d. 2005)
- July 23
- July 24 – Jardel Filho, Brazilian actor (d. 1983)
- July 25
- July 26
- July 28 – Ann Sloat, Canadian politician (d. 2017)
- July 29
- July 30
- July 31 – Gilles Carle, Canadian film director and screenwriter (d. 2009)
- August 1
- August 2 – Yoko Tani, French-born Japanese actress and nightclub entertainer (d. 1999)
- August 3
- August 4
- August 5
- August 6
- August 7
- August 8
- August 9
- August 10
- August 11 – Beniamino Andreatta, Italian economist and politician (d. 2007)
- August 12
- August 13 – Pedro Pedrossian, Brazilian politician (d. 2017)
- August 14
- August 15
- August 16
- August 17 – Willem Duys, Dutch radio and television presenter, tennis player and music producer (d. 2011)
- August 18
- August 19 – Queen Ratna of Nepal
- August 20 – Frank Rosolino, American jazz trombonist (d. 1978)
- August 21
- Wu Chuanyu, Indonesian-born Chinese swimmer who competed in the Olympic Games in 1948 and 1952 (d. 1954)
- Chris Brasher, British track and field athlete, sports journalist and co-founder of the London Marathon (d. 2003)
- Art Farmer, American jazz trumpeter and flugelhorn player (d. 1999)
- Gillian Sheen, English Olympic fencer
- August 22
- August 23 – Marian Seldes, American actress (d. 2014)
- August 25 – Herbert Kroemer, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- August 26
- August 27
- August 28 – Ed Salem, American football quarterback and defensive back (d. 2001)
- August 31
- September 2 – Muhammad Dandamayev, Russian Babylonia historian (d. 2017)
- September 3
- September 4 – Dick York, American actor (d. 1992)
- September 5
- September 6
- September 7 – Donald Henderson, American epidemiologist (d. 2016)
- September 9 – Sol LeWitt, American artist (d. 2007)
- September 11
- September 12 – M. V. Rajasekharan, Indian member of Rajya Sabha
- September 13
- September 14
- September 15 – Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist (d. 1975)
- September 16 – Hironoshin Furuhashi, Japanese swimmer (d. 2009)
- September 17 – Roddy McDowall, British actor (d. 1998)
- September 18 – Sigrid Kahle, Swedish journalist and writer (d. 2013)
- September 19 – Adam West, American actor (d. 2017)
- September 20
- September 21 – Con Devitt, Scottish-born New Zealand trade unionist (d. 2014)
- September 22
- September 23
- September 25 – Victor Gold, American journalist and press secretary (d. 2017)
- September 26 – Robert D. Ray, American lawyer and politician (d. 2018)
- September 27 – Garry Watson, American child actor
- September 28
- September 30
- October 1
- October 2 – George "Spanky" McFarland, American child actor (d. 1993)
- October 3
- October 7
- October 8 – Bill Maynard, English comic actor (d. 2018)
- October 9
- October 10 – Sheila F. Walsh, English novelist (d. 2009)
- October 11 – Geoffrey Tordoff, Baron Tordoff, English businessman and politician
- October 12 – Dilbagh Singh Athwal, Indian geneticist and agriculturist (d. 2017)
- October 14
- October 15
- October 17
- October 18
- October 19 – Borisav Jović, 13th President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia
- October 20 – Li Peng, former Premier of the People's Republic of China
- October 21
- October 22 – Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Brazilian film director (d. 2018)
- October 24 – Mohammad Beheshti, Chief Justice of Iran (d. 1981)
- October 25
- October 26 Erich Kukk, Estonian phycologist and conservationist (d. 2017)
- October 27
- October 28 – Bill Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank, English politician
- October 30 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1999)
- October 31 – Roy Romer, American politician
- November 3
- November 4 – George Stanich, American athlete
- November 7 – Herbert Flam, American tennis player (d. 1980)
- November 8 – Ursula Haverbeck, German historian
- November 9
- November 10 – Ennio Morricone, Italian composer
- November 11 – Carlos Fuentes, Mexican writer (d. 2012)
- November 12 – Bobby Baker, American political adviser to Lyndon B. Johnson (d. 2017)
- November 14
- November 16
- November 17
- November 18
- November 19
- November 20 – Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor. (d. 2017)
- November 21 – Augustin Bubník, Czech ice hockey player, coach and politician (d. 2017)
- November 22
- November 28
- November 29 – Paul Simon, U.S. Senator from Illinois (d. 2003)
- November 30
- December 1 – Sarge Ferris, American professional poker player (d. 1989)
- December 2
- December 3
- December 4
- December 6 – Stanley Clinton-Davis, Baron Clinton-Davis, English politician and solicitor
- December 7
- December 9 – Dick Van Patten, American actor (d. 2015)
- December 11 – Paul Bircher, English rower
- December 12 – Ernst-Hugo Järegård, Swedish actor (d. 1998)
- December 13 – Nati Mistral, Spanish actress (d. 2017)
- December 15
- December 16
- December 17
- December 19 – Guy Razanamasy, 2-Time Prime Minister of Madagascar (d. 2011)
- December 20 – Donald Adams, British actor and opera singer (d. 1996)
- December 22 – Luisa Massimo, Italian pediatrician (d. 2016)
- December 23
- December 25
- December 26 – Martin Cooper, American "Father of the mobile phone"
- December 28 – George W. Stocking Jr., German-born American scholar (d. 2013)
- December 29 – Piers Dixon, British Conservative Party politician (d. 2017)
- December 30
- December 31
- January 1 – Loie Fuller, American dancer (b. 1862)
- January 3
- January 6 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete (b. 1876)
- January 11 – Thomas Hardy, British writer (b. 1840)
- January 12 – Ruth Snyder, American murderer (executed) (b. 1895)
- January 16 – Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 1851)
- January 21
- January 25 – Charles Gorman, American actor (b. 1865)
- January 28 – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish novelist and screenwriter (b. 1867)
- January 29 – Douglas Haig, British soldier (b. 1861)
- January 30 – Johannes Fibiger, Danish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1867)
- February 1 – Hughie Jennings, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1869)
- February 4 – Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
- February 7 – Adolfo de Carolis, Italian painter (b. 1874)
- February 8 – Theodor Curtius, German chemist (b. 1857)
- February 12 – Manfred von Clary-Aldringen, Austro-Hungarian nobleman and statesman, former Prime Minister of Austria (b. 1852)
- February 15 – H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1852)
- February 16 – Eddie Foy, American vaudevillian (b. 1856)
- February 25 – Toribio Romo González, Mexican Roman Catholic priest, martyr and saint (b. 1900)
- February 26 – Juan Vázquez de Mella, Spanish scholar and politician (b. 1861)
- February 27 – Karl Max, Prince Lichnowsky, German diplomat and noble (b. 1860)
- February 28 – Armando Diaz, Italian general and Marshal of Italy (b. 1861)
- March 7 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)
- March 10 – Mateo Elias Nieves Castillo, Mexican Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1882)
- March 19 – Nora Bayes, American singer and actress (b. 1880)
- March 21 – Edward Walter Maunder, British astronomer (b. 1851)
- March 31 – Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (b. 1858)
- April 2 – Theodore William Richards, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
- April 5 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (b. 1890)
- April 13 – Gonzalo Córdova, 21st President of Ecuador (b. 1863)
- April 19 – Dorus Rijkers, famous Dutch sailor and savior of over 500 men, women and children (b. 1847)
- April 22
- April 25
- April 27 – Alessandro Guidoni, Italian air force general (b. 1880)
- May 8 – Clara Williams, American actress (b. 1888)
- May 10 – Ivan Merz, Yugoslav Roman Catholic blessed (b. 1896)
- May 18 – Big Bill Haywood, American labor leader (b. 1869)
- May 19
- May 22 – Francisco López Merino, Argentine poet (b. 1904)
- June 3 – Alexander Hamilton, American priest and blessed (b. 1847)
- June 4 – Zhang Zuolin, Chinese warlord (b. 1873)
- June 5 – Liege Hulett, South African politician and sugar magnate (b. 1838)
- June 12 – Salvador Díaz Mirón, Mexican poet (b. 1853)
- June 14 – Emmeline Pankhurst, British women's suffrage campaigner (b. 1858)
- June 16 – Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools (b. 1867)
- June 18 – Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer (b. 1872)
- June 22
- June 24 – Holbrook Blinn, American actor (b. 1872)
- June 28 – Leo Ditrichstein, Austrian born actor and playwright (b. 1865)
- July 1 – Frankie Yale, American gangster (b. 1893)
- July 17
- July 21
- July 22 – William M. Folger, American admiral (b. 1844)
- July 30 – John Christopher Cutler, second Governor of Utah (suicide) (b. 1905)
- August 8
- August 12 – Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (b. 1854)
- August 16 – Carlo Del Prete, Italian aviator (b. 1897)
- August 19 – Stephanos Skouloudis, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1838)
- August 27 – Émile Fayolle, French general (b. 1852)
- August 30
- September 9 – Urban Shocker, American baseball player (b. 1890)
- September 13 – Italo Svevo, Italian writer and businessman (b. 1861)
- September 29 – John Devoy, Irish rebel leader and exile (b. 1842)
- October 1 – Cecilia Eusepi, Italian religious leader and blessed (b. 1910)
- October 8 – Larry Semon, American film actor (b. 1889)
- October 13 – Dagmar of Denmark, later Maria Fyodorovna, wife of Tsar Alexander III and Empress Consort of Russia (b. 1847)
- October 22 – Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
- October 24 – Arthur Bowen Davies, American artist (b. 1863)
- October 30 – Robert Lansing, U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1864)
- October 31 – John William Wood, Sr., North Carolinian politician, founder of Benson, North Carolina (b. 1855)
- November 5 – Vlasios Tsirogiannis, Greek general (b. 1872)
- November 6 – Arnold Rothstein, Jewish-American businessman and gangster (b. 1882)
- November 10 – Alexander Trepov, former Prime Minister of the Russian Empire (b. 1862)
- November 12 – Oskar Victorovich Stark, Russian admiral and explorer (b. 1846)
- November 13 – Enrico Cecchetti, Italian ballet dancer (b. 1850)
- November 17 – Lala Lajpat Rai "The Lion of Punjab", a leader of the Indian independence movement (b. 1865)
- November 18 – Mauritz Stiller, Finnish screenwriter and director (b. 1883)
- November 21 – Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line (b. 1858)
- November 26 – Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (b. 1863)
- November 27 – Frank Hedges Butler, British wine merchant and foundering member of the Aero Club of Great Britain (b. 1855)
- December 1
- December 2 – Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Governor-General of Australia (b. 1852)
- December 10 – Charles Rennie Mackintosh, British architect (b. 1868)
- December 11 – Lewis Latimer, American inventor (b. 1848)
- December 12 – Patriarch Gregory IV of Antioch (b. 1859)
- December 14
- December 16 – Elinor Wylie, American poet and novelist (b. 1885)
- December 17 – Eglantyne Jebb, British human rights activist and co-founder of Save the Children (b. 1876)
- December 21 – Luigi Cadorna, Italian general (b. 1850)
- December 25 – Fred Thomson, American actor (b. 1890)
- Physics – Owen Willans Richardson
- Chemistry – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
- Physiology or Medicine – Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
- Literature – Sigrid Undset
- Peace – not awarded
- This year is the setting of the video game Blood (1997) retroactively dated in the game's sequel Blood II: The Chosen (1998)
- This is the year that the Stargate is discovered in Giza, Egypt, near the Great Pyramids, as seen in the film Stargate (1994).
- Griffith, Fred. (January 1928). "The Significance of Pneumococcal Types". Journal of Hygiene. Cambridge University Press. 27 (2): 113–159. doi:10.1017/S0022172400031879. JSTOR 4626734. PMC . PMID 20474956.
- Downie, A. W. (1972). "Pneumococcal transformation – a backward view: Fourth Griffith Memorial Lecture" (PDF). Journal of General Microbiology. 73 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1099/00221287-73-1-1. PMID 4143929. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
- "250,000 Slaves in Sierra Leone, Africa, Freed". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 3, 1928. p. 3.
- "Anak Krakatoa". Today in Science History. Todayinsci. Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- Leavitt, Amie Jane (2011). Anatomy of a Volcanic Eruption. Capstone Press.
- "Transatlantic Television in 1928". Baird Television. Retrieved 2015-09-29. Extract from The New York Times 1928-02-09.
- Shahar, Meir (2008). The Shaolin Monastery: History, Religion, and the Chinese Martial Arts. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-8248-3349-7.
- Not much is known about the West Plains Dance Hall explosion. Much of this event has been lost in time, and since forensic science was still developing, the cause was never discovered.
- OED (1933, 1978 vol. 1, pp. xxv, xxvl).
- Cherundolo, Gina; Porter, Carly (2010-03-11). "Is Winter Finally Over?". AccuWeather.com. Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Coca-Cola Park : History". 2013-01-03. Archived from the original on 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- Chapman, Matthew (2010). The Snail and the Ginger Beer: the story of Donoghue v Stevenson. London: Wildy, Simmons & Hill. ISBN 0-85490-049-7.
- "Philo Taylor Farnsworth (1906–1971)". The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- Farnsworth, Elma G. (1989). Distant Vision: Romance & Discovery on an Invisible Frontier. Salt Lake City: PemberleyKent. p. 108. ISBN 0-9623276-0-3.
- "Culture shock will highlight penicillin discovery" (PDF) (Press release). London: Royal Society of Chemistry. 2003-09-02. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
- Ricklefs (1982). A History of Modern Indonesia (reprint ed.). Macmillan Southeast Asian. p. 177. ISBN 0-333-24380-3.
- Funston, John, ed. (2001). Government & Politics in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 75. ISBN 9789812301345.