1929 Ryder Cup
|Dates||26–27 April 1929|
|Venue||Moortown Golf Club|
|Great Britain wins the Ryder Cup|
The 2nd Ryder Cup Matches were held at the Moortown Golf Club in Leeds, England. It was very cold, with hail and at one point heavy snow on the greens. About two thousand spectators saw America gain a narrow lead after the foursome matches before the Great Britain team won singles on the final day and thus the competition by a score of 7–5 points. George Duncan of Scotland became the first of only three British captains to lift the Ryder Cup which was given to him by Samuel Ryder who was in attendance after missing the 1927 matches.
The Ryder Cup is a match play event, with each match worth one point. From 1927 through 1959, the format consisted of 4 foursome (alternate shot) matches on the first day and 8 singles matches on the second day, for a total of 12 points. Therefore, 6½ points were required to win the Cup. All matches were played to a maximum of 36 holes.
In late 1928, it was announced that a selection committee of five professional golfers would choose the Great Britain team for the 1929 Ryder Cup. This committee consisted of James Braid, Sandy Herd and J.H. Taylor together with James Batley and R. Mackenzie. In January 1929, the team of 10 (as below) were selected with Duncan as captain.
|Team Great Britain|
|George Duncan – captain||45||1||2||1–1–0||50.00|
|Walter Hagen – captain||36||1||2||2–0–0||100.00|
Diegel celebrated his 30th birthday on the second day of the match.
It was originally planned that, as in 1927, only eight players should be used by each team. However, Hagan wished to use all 10 of his players. This was agreed to, although Duncan announced that he would only select eight as originally intended. Alliss and Burns were left out.
The Americans stayed in Europe to play in a number of tournaments and exhibition matches. The 1929 Open Championship played from 8 to 10 May was dominated by Americans. Hagen won with Farrell second and Diegel third. Two more of the American Ryder Cup team were in the top 10 which also included three more golfers then resident in the United States but born in the UK. The whole team played in the Yorkshire Evening News One Thousand Guineas Tournament at Moortown from 14 to 18 May which was won by Joe Turnesa. Horton Smith then won the French PGA Championship at St. Cloud on his 21st birthday. Smith had a 12 shot lead after the first day and although a third round 61 by Aubrey Boomer reduced his lead to five, Smith won the tournament by five strokes. Smith, Farrell and Hagen finished second, third and fourth in the German Open, a tournament won by Percy Alliss. It was not until 2 June that Hagen, Farrell, Turnesa and Smith sailed from Southampton to return to New York.
Friday's foursome matches
An unusual feature of the Moortown course was that all the five short holes were even numbered holes. This meant that the same player had the tee shot at those holes. In the Diegel/Espinosa pairing Diegel had the tee shots at the short holes and with some excellent irons shots and good putting from Espinosa they had three twos at these holes. At lunch they were round in 66, despite a 6 at the second hole, and were 7 holes up. The remaining match were all close with the American having small leads in two matches and the other match level.
The Charles Whitcombe/Compston v Farrell/Turnesa match was always close and when the British pair levelled the match at the 15th hole of the second round, it was the fifth time they had got back to all square. The British pair then won the 16th with the 17th hole halved. At the last Whitcombe drove into a gorse bush which meant that Compston had to take a penalty shot. The American pair were also in trouble and their second shot finished near a fence with a refreshment tent between the ball and the green. Farrell having just enough room for his back-swing, played over the tent and finished 7 feet from the hole. the British pair could do no better than 6 and so the Americans won the hole to halve the match. In the final match, Golden and Hagen were 4 up early in the second round but Ernest Whitcombe and Cotton levelled the match. The Americans then won the last two holes to take the match.
|Boomer/Duncan||7 & 5||Diegel/Espinosa|
|Mitchell/Robson||2 & 1||Sarazen/Dudley|
|E. Whitcombe/Cotton||2 up||Golden/Hagen|
18 hole scores: Farrell/Turnesa: 1 up, Diegel/Espinosa: 7 up, Mitchell/Robson v Sarazen/Dudley: all square, Golden/Hagen: 2 up.
Saturday's singles matches
At lunch three of the eight matches were almost decided with Charles Whitcombe and Duncan having commanding leads for the British team and Diegal in a similar situation for the Americans. Boomer won the last four holes in the morning to go from 2 down to 2 up. Cotton was one down playing the last hole of the morning. His second shot ended up on a path between the gorse bushes but he chipped in for a three to halve the match. Compston won the first three holes in the afternoon to go 4 up but then lost three to go back to 1 up before winning comfortably 6 & 4. With Boomer winning his match, the British team needed either Cotton or Ernest Whitcombe to get a point for Britain to win the Ryder Cup. Cotton won his match at the 15th to give Great Britain the victory and with Ernest Whitcombe going dormie at the 16th a sixth point of the day seemed likely. However Espinosa won the last two holes to halve the match.
|Charles Whitcombe||8 & 6||Johnny Farrell|
|George Duncan||10 & 8||Walter Hagen|
|Abe Mitchell||9 & 8||Leo Diegel|
|Archie Compston||6 & 4||Gene Sarazen|
|Aubrey Boomer||4 & 3||Joe Turnesa|
|Fred Robson||4 & 2||Horton Smith|
|Henry Cotton||4 & 3||Al Watrous|
|Ernest Whitcombe||halved||Al Espinosa|
18 hole scores: Charles Whitcombe: 6 up, Duncan: 5 up, Diegel: 5 up, Compston: 1 up, Boomer: 2 up, Robson v Smith: all square, Cotton v Watrous: all square, Ernest Whitcombe v Espinosa: all square.
Individual player records
Each entry refers to the Win–Loss–Half record of the player.
- Daily Mirror 26 April 1929
- Daily Mirror 27 April 1929
- Daily Mirror 29 April 1929
- "2014 Ryder Cup Media and Players' Guide". Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "The Ryder Cup Match". The Times, Wednesday, December 12, 1928; pg. 7; Issue 45074; col E.
- "The Ryder Cup Team". The Times, Tuesday, January 15, 1929; pg. 7; Issue 45101; col A .
- "Golf - Arrival of U.S. team". The Times, Wednesday 17 April 1929; pg. 7; Issue 45179.
- "The Ryder Cup". The Times, Wednesday, April 24, 1929; pg. 7; Issue 45185; col A.
- "Turnesa wins Leeds tournament". The Times, Monday, 20 May 1929; pg. 5; Issue 45207.
- "French Professional Tournament". The Times, Thursday, 23 May 1929; pg. 6; Issue 45210.
- "The German Open Championship". The Times, Monday, 27 May 1929; pg. 5; Issue 45213.
- "American golfers sail for home". The Times, Monday, 3 June 1929; pg. 6; Issue 45219.
- "The Ryder Cup - U.S. lead by one match". The Times, Saturday, 27 April 1929; pg. 6; Issue 45188.
- "Great Britain wins Ryder Cup - a fine achievement". The Times, Monday, 29 April 1929; pg. 7; Issue 45189.
- "Ryder Cup 2006 » History » 1929 Results". The PGA of America, Ryder Cup Limited, and Turner Sports Interactive. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- "Ryder Cup – 1929". About:Golf. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- "Ryder Cup history: 1929". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2007-03-15.