1930 in Germany
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|See also:||Other events of 1930
List of years in Germany
Events in the year 1930 in Germany.
- President - Paul von Hindenburg
- Chancellor - Hermann Müller (to 27 March), Heinrich Brüning (from 30 March)
- Minister of Defence - Wilhelm Groener
- Minister of Economics - Robert Schmidt then Hermann R. Dietrich then Ernst Trendelenburg
- Minister of Finance - Paul Moldenhauer then Heinrich Brüning then Hermann R. Dietrich
- Minister for Foreign Affairs - Julius Curtius
- Minister of Labour - Rudolf Wissell then Adam Stegerwald
- Postal Minister - Georg Schätzel
- Minister of Transport - Adam Stegerwald then Theodor von Guérard
- Minister-President of Anhalt - Heinrich Deist
- President of the Republic of Baden - Franz Josef Wittemann
- Minister-President of Bavaria - Heinrich Held
- Minister-President of the Republic of Brunswick - Heinrich Jasper then Werner Küchenthal
- President of Hesse - Bernhard Adelung
- Chairman of Lippe - Heinrich Drake
- Minister-President of Mecklenburg-Schwerin - Karl Eschenburg
- Minister-President of Mecklenburg-Strelitz - Karl Gustav Hans Otto Freiherr von Reibnitz
- Prime Minister of the Republic of Oldenburg - Eugen von Finckh then Friedrich Cassebohm
- Minister-President of the Free State of Prussia - Otto Braun
- Minister-President of Saxony - Wilhelm Bünger (to 18 February) then Walther Schieck (from 6 May)
- State Councillor of Schaumburg-Lippe - Heinrich Lorenz
- Minister-President of Thuringia - Erwin Baum
- President of the Free People's State of Württemberg - Eugen Bolz
- Mayor of Berlin - Arthur Scholtz
- Mayor of Bremen - Martin Donandt
- Mayor of Hamburg - Rudolf Adolf Wilhelm Roß
- Mayor of Lübeck - Paul Löwigt
- 23 January - The Nazi Party gains its first minister as Wilhelm Frick becomes Minister of the Interior and Education in Thuringia as part of a right-wing coalition administration.
- 27 March - The government of Hermann Müller collapses.
- 30 March - A right of centre minority government takes office under Heinrich Brüning.
- 22 June - The growth of the Nazi Party continues as they become the second biggest party in the Landtag of Saxony
- 30 June - The French Army withdraws its troops from the Rhineland.
- 16 July - The government invokes Presidential Decree in order to force through its economic reforms.
- 18 July - The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) force through a vote against the rule by decree resulting in the dissolution of the Reichstag and new elections.
- July - The German State Party is formed by a merger of the German Democratic Party and the Young German Order.
- 13 August - The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Berlin is established.
- 14 September - The federal election sees the SPD remain as the biggest party but with the Nazis jumping into second place. Smaller gains are enjoyed by the Communist Party of Germany, the Christian-National Peasants' and Farmers' Party and the Centre Party whilst the main losers are the German National People's Party and the German People's Party.
- 23 February - Erich Maria Remarque's anti-war classic All Quiet on the Western Front is banned in all Thuringian schools by Education Minister Wilhelm Frick.
- Operas debuting in Germany include Kurt Weill's Der Jasager, Ernst Krenek's Leben des Orest and Arnold Schoenberg's Von heute auf morgen.
- Fritz Reck-Malleczewen's comedy novel Bomben auf Monte Carlo is published.
- Nationalsozialistische Monatshefte, a cultural journal of the Nazi Party edited by Alfred Rosenberg, publishes its first issue.
- 12 September - Sound newsreels appear for the first time in German cinemas.
- The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is won by Hans Fischer.
- The IG Farben Building, the headquarters of the chemical company IG Farben, is completed in Frankfurt.
- 4–8 June - Albert Leidmann takes silver in the Light-Heavyweight division at the 1930 European Amateur Boxing Championships.
- 12 June - Max Schmeling defeats Jack Sharkey by disqualification in The Bronx to win the vacant New York State Athletic Commission and National Boxing Association World Heavyweight Championships. Schmeling is the first German World Heavyweight Champion under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules.
- 13–27 July - The 3rd Chess Olympiad is held in Hamburg with the hosts finishing third.
- Hertha BSC are crowned German football champions after defeating Holstein Kiel in the final.
- The 1930 European Figure Skating Championships are held in Berlin.
- 22 January - Monte Cervantes struck a rock off Ushuia, Chile and sank with the loss of her captain.
- 26 July - The cargo schooner Nobiskrug is launched from Rendsburg harbour.
- 5 October - The Junkers Ju 52 makes its maiden flight.
- The airship LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin makes its first crossing of the South Atlantic.
- The luxury car Mercedes-Benz 770 begins production.
- 2 January - Gerhard Geise, mathematician
- 4 January - Christoph Albrecht, organist
- 9 January - Carl-Ludwig Wagner, CDU politician
- 11 January - Hartmut Gründler, protestor who committed self-immolation
- 12 January - Klaus Scholder, ecclesiastical historian
- 26 January - Reinhart Hummel, theologian
- 28 January - Kurt Biedenkopf, CDU politician
- 30 January - Alfred Herrhausen, banker
- 8 February - Erich Böhme, journalist and broadcaster
- 8 February - Hans Grauert, mathematician
- 18 February - Gerd Aretz, artist
- 21 February - Gerhard Scherhorn, economist
- 23 February - Ignaz Kiechle, CSU politician
- 3 March - Heiner Geißler, CDU politician
- 8 March - Almuth Lütkenhaus, sculptor
- 10 March - Fritz Schenk, broadcast journalist
- 14 March - Helga Feddersen, entertainer
- 14 March - Dieter Schnebel, composer
- 3 April - Helmut Kohl, CDU politician and Chancellor of Germany
- 11 April - Walter Krüger, athlete
- 14 April - Martin Adolf Bormann, priest, son of Martin Bormann and godson of Adolf Hitler
- 21 April - Eva Probst, actress
- 25 April - Peter Schulz, SPD politician
- 29 April - Claus Ogerman, arranger and orchestrator
- 7 May - Horst Bienek, novelist
- 17 May - Alfons Lütke-Westhues, equestrian
- 29 May - Burkhard Hirsch, FDP politician
- 29 May - Ekkehard Schall, actor/director
- 3 June - Wulff-Dieter Heintz, astronomer
- 5 June - Carl Otto Lenz, lawyer and CDU politician
- 8 June - Robert Aumann, German-born Israeli-American mathematician, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics laureate
- 13 June - Gotthard Graubner, painter
- 22 June - Reinhold Remmert, mathematician
- 26 June - Wolfgang Schwanitz, head of the Stasi
- 27 June - Volker Vogeler, film director
- 30 June - Karl-Heinz Holze, footballer
- 6 July - Herbert Erhardt, footballer
- 14 July - Horst Rittel, design theorist
- 16 July - Horst Rittner, chess player
- 20 July - Heinz Kubsch, footballer
- 23 July - Ingrid Hartmann, sprint canoer
- 28 July - Hans Schröder, sculptor and painter
- 30 July - Helmut Kirchmeyer, musicologist
- 4 August - Götz Friedrich, opera and theatre director
- 11 August - Heinz Werner Zimmermann, composer
- 25 August - Rainer Zepperitz, double bassist
- 19 September - Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde, judge
- 20 September - Adolf Endler, author
- 24 September - Horst Sachtleben, actor
- 26 September - Fritz Wunderlich, opera singer
- 5 October - Reinhard Selten, economist
- 11 October - Harry Glaß, ski jumper
- 17 October - Freimut Börngen, astronomer
- 17 October - Karl-Wilhelm Welwei, historian
- 5 November - Hans and Wolfgang Mommsen, historians and twin brothers
- 20 November - Rudi Felgenheier, motorcycle racer
- 22 November - Ferdinand von Bismarck, Fürst von Bismarck
- 26 November - Berthold Leibinger, engineer
- 27 November - Reinhard Glemnitz, actor
- 1 December - Joachim Hoffmann, historian
- 9 December - Carl-August Fleischhauer, judge
- 10 December - Avraham Ahituv, German-born Israeli intelligence chief
- 13 December - Nathan Zach, German-born Israeli poet
- 17 December - Erhard Geißler, biologist
- 17 December - Armin Mueller-Stahl, film actor
- 19 December - Georg Stollenwerk, footballer
- 21 December - Wolfgang Pietzsch, chess grand master
- 26 December - Wilferd Madelung, scholar of Islam
- 3 January - Guglielmo Plüschow, photographer
- 14 January - Hermann von Hatzfeldt, civil servant
- 24 January - Adolf Kneser, mathematician
- 5 February - Friedrich von Duhn, classical scholar
- 9 February - Augustinus Bludau, Bishop of Ermland
- 23 February - Horst Wessel, Sturmabteilung member and Nazi Party "martyr"
- 24 February - Hermann von Ihering, zoologist
- 6 March - Alfred von Tirpitz, Admiral and founder of the German Imperial Navy
- 10 March - Paul von Breitenbach, railway planner
- 31 March - Emil Krebs, sinologist
- 31 March - Ludwig Schüler, Mayor of Marburg
- 19 April - Ernst Georg Ferdinand Küster, surgeon
- 30 April Max Maurenbrecher, SPD and Fatherland Party politician
- 29 May - Ludwig Rehn, surgeon
- 7 June - Julius Smend, theologian
- 10 June - Adolf von Harnack, theologian
- 8 July - Gustav Weigand, linguist
- 29 July - Theodor Axenfeld, ophthalmologist
- 8 August - Walther Reinhardt, Army officer
- 10 September - Eugen Diederichs, publisher
- 20 September - Moritz Pasch, mathematician
- 28 September - Prince Leopold of Bavaria, nobleman and Field Marshal
- 10 October - Adolf Engler, botanist
- 27 October - Alexander Baerwald, architect
- 17 November - Hans Kniep, botanist
- 11 December - Friedrich von Bernhardi, Prussian Army general
- 15 December - Johannes Hoffmann, SPD Minister-President of Bavaria
- 16 December - Carl August Heinrich Ferdinand Oesterley, painter
- 19 December - Conrad Willgerodt, chemist
- 26 December - Eugen Goldstein, physicist
- Tim Kirk, Cassell's Dictionary of Modern German History, London, 2002, p. 421
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