1931 Ryder Cup
|Dates||June 26–27, 1931|
|Venue||Scioto Country Club|
|United States wins the Ryder Cup|
The course was the venue for U.S. Open in 1926, won by amateur Bobby Jones, the second of his four titles. It later hosted the PGA Championship in 1950. Scioto is also noteworthy as the club where Jack Nicklaus learned to play as a youth in the 1950s.
The Ryder Cup is a match play event, with each match worth one point. From 1927 through 1959, the format consisted of 4 foursome (alternate shot) matches on the first day and 8 singles matches on the second day, for a total of 12 points. Therefore, 6½ points were required to win the Cup. All matches were played to a maximum of 36 holes.
Prior to the match, there was some controversy about the qualification rules for the Great Britain team. In 1927 and 1929 the American PGA had decided to only select American born and resident players but the original Ryder Cup Deed of Trust made no such provision. All members of the Professional Golfers' Association were eligible. In late 1929 the Deed of Trust was revised requiring players to be born in and resident in their respective countries. This rule disqualified Percy Alliss and Aubrey Boomer, two of Great Britain's best players, as they had both taken jobs as club professionals in mainland Europe.
|Walter Hagen – captain||38||2||4||3–1–0||75.00|
In early 1931, it was announced that a selection committee of five would choose the Great Britain team for the 1931 Ryder Cup. This committee consisted of George Oke, Charles Whitcombe, Charles Corlett, Dick Wheildon and Albert Haskins. Charles Whitcombe was announced as the captain. An initial squad of 24 was announced.
Henry Cotton objected to a team rule requiring all players to travel out together and return together. Cotton wished to remain in the United States after the match. As a consequence Cotton was withdrawn from the squad.
Four trial matches were played in which the new American sized ball was used, and in early May a further six players were selected: Compston, Davies, Jolly, Mitchell, Robson and Ernest Whitcombe. Duncan and Easterbrook were later added. During the final day of The Open Championship, Cotton was again asked whether he would play under the original conditions but again declined and the following day Hodson was announced as the final selection. In a further statement the same day it was announced that Herbert Jolly had withdrawn because of a lack of form and had been replaced by Havers. Jolly had scored 84 and 78 in the Open Championship qualifying the previous week.
The British team sailed on June 10 following a farewell dinner the previous evening.
|Team Great Britain|
|Charles Whitcombe – captain||35||2||4||2–0–2||75.00|
Friday's foursome matches
|Compston/Davies||8 & 7||Sarazen/Farrell|
|Duncan/Havers||10 & 9||Hagen/Shute|
|Mitchell/Robson||3 & 1||Diegel/Espinosa|
|Easterbrook/E. Whitcombe||3 & 2||Burke/Cox|
Saturday's singles matches
|Archie Compston||7 & 6||Billy Burke|
|Fred Robson||7 & 6||Gene Sarazen|
|Bill Davies||4 & 3||Johnny Farrell|
|Abe Mitchell||3 & 1||Wiffy Cox|
|Charles Whitcombe||4 & 3||Walter Hagen|
|Bert Hodson||8 & 6||Denny Shute|
|Ernest Whitcombe||2 & 1||Al Espinosa|
|Arthur Havers||4 & 3||Craig Wood|
Individual player records
Each entry refers to the Win–Loss–Half record of the player.
Horton Smith did not play in any matches.
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- Fry, Peter (July 2000). Samuel Ryder: The Man Behind the Ryder Cup. Wright Press. ISBN 978-0-9539087-0-7.
- "The Ryder Cup". The Times, Tuesday, January 13, 1931; pg. 7; Issue 45719; col D.
- "The Ryder Cup". The Times, Wednesday, January 21, 1931; pg. 6; Issue 45726; col B.
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- "Cotton and The Ryder Cup Team". The Times, Tuesday, February 17, 1931; pg. 6; Issue 45749; col F.
- "The Ryder Cup Team". The Times, Wednesday, May 6, 1931; pg. 6; Issue 45815; col E.
- "The Ryder Cup Team". The Times, The Times, Saturday, May 16, 1931; pg. 6; Issue 45824; col C.
- "The Ryder Cup Team". The Times, The Times, Saturday, June 6, 1931; pg. 6; Issue 45842.
- "The Ryder Cup Team". The Times, The Times, Monday, June 8, 1931; pg. 7; Issue 45843.
- "Ryder Cup Team - The Duke of York at farewell dinner". The Times, The Times, Wednesday, June 10, 1931; pg. 14; Issue 45845.
- "Ryder Cup 2006 » History » 1931 Results". The PGA of America, Ryder Cup Limited, and Turner Sports Interactive. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- "Ryder Cup history: 1931". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- Farrell, Andy. "Ryder Cup Rows - it was ever thus". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
- PGA of America: 1931 Ryder Cup
- About.com 1931 Ryder Cup
- Scioto Country Club description of the event