1931 in New Zealand
- 1 Population
- 2 Incumbents
- 3 Events
- 4 Arts and literature
- 5 Sport
- 6 Births
- 7 Deaths
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- Estimated population as of 31 December: 1,522,800 
- Increase since previous 31/12/1930: 16,000 (1.06%)
- Males per 100 females: 103.8
Regal and viceregal
The 23rd New Zealand Parliament continued with the coalition of the United Party and the Labour Party with the Reform Party in opposition. During the year the agreement between United and Labour collapsed due to differing opinions on how to counter the Great Depression. The Reform Party, fearing that the Depression would give Labour a substantial boost, reluctantly agreed to form a coalition with United to avert elections. By forming a coalition, United and Reform were able to blunt Labour's advantage, ending the possibility of the anti-Labour vote being split and the general election in December saw the United/Reform coalition winning a majority.
- Speaker of the House - Charles Statham (Independent)
- Prime Minister - George Forbes
- Minister of Finance - George Forbes (United) until 22 September, then William Downie Stewart (Reform)
- Minister of Foreign Affairs - George Forbes
- Attor - Thomas Sidey until 22 September, then William Downie Stewart
- Leader of the Opposition - Gordon Coates (Reform) until 22 September, then Harry Holland (Labour).
Main centre leaders
- Mayor of Auckland - George Baildon, succeeded by George Hutchison
- Mayor of Hamilton, New Zealand - John Robert Fow, succeeded by Frances Dewsbury Pinford
- Mayor of Wellington - George Troup, succeeded by Thomas Hislop
- Mayor of Christchurch - John Archer, succeeded by Dan Sullivan
- Mayor of Dunedin - Robert Black
- 7 January: Australian aviator Guy Menzies makes the first solo flight across the Tasman sea, starting from Sydney and ending 11 hours 45 minutes later with a crash landing in a swamp near Harihari on the West Coast 
- 3 February: The Hawkes Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst, kills 256 people, mainly in Napier and Hastings
- 8 February: A Desoutter aircraft of Dominion Airline crashed near Wairoa, killing all three people aboard. This is the first fatality on a scheduled air service in New Zealand.
Arts and literature
See: 1931 in music
- The 40th National Chess Championship was held in Rotorua, and was won by A.W. Gyles of Wellington.
- The 21st New Zealand Open championship was won by Andrew Shaw, his 4th win.
- The 35th National Amateur Championships were held in Christchurch 
- Men: Rana Wagg (Hutt)
- Women: Miss B. Gaisford
- 1931 Chatham Cup won by Tramurewa (Auckland)
- Provincial league champions: 
- 19 January: Thomas de Vere (Pat) Hunt, politician.
- 2 July, Robin Gray, politician and Speaker of the House of Representatives
- 23 July, Princess Piki Mahuta, later Dame Te Atairangikaahu, 6th Māori monarch
- 9 August: Mike Hinge, artist and illustrator
- 11 August: Ralph Hotere, artist
- 22 August: Maurice Gee, novelist and screenwriter
- 5 September: William Bell, cricketer
- 15 September: Lincoln Hurring, swimmer
- 11 December: Bryce Harland, diplomat
- 18 December: Noel McGregor, cricketer
- 12 January: Peter Cheal, surveyor.
- 9 September: Elsdon Best, ethnographer
- 28 October: Edward Robert Tregear, surveyor, public servant, linguist
- 7 December: Sir John Luke, politician, Mayor of Wellington.
- Owen Merton, painter.
- List of years in New Zealand
- Timeline of New Zealand history
- History of New Zealand
- Military history of New Zealand
- Timeline of the New Zealand environment
- Timeline of New Zealand's links with Antarctica
- Statistics New Zealand:Historical Population Estimates
- Statistics New Zealand: New Zealand Official Yearbook, 1990. ISSN 0078-0170 page 52
- "Elections NZ - Leaders of the Opposition". Retrieved 6 April 2008.
- Today in History | NZHistory
- List of New Zealand Chess Champions
- "PGA European - Holden New Zealand Open". The Sports Network. 2005. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
- edited by A. H. McLintock (1966). "Men's Golf - National Champions". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 13 February 2009.
- List of NZ Trotting cup winners
- Auckland Trotting cup at hrnz.co.nz
- "New Zealand: List of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 1999.
Media related to 1931 in New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons