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1931 in and science technology involved some significant events, listed below.
Astronomy [ edit ]
Chemistry [ edit ]
History of science [ edit ]
Mathematics [ edit ]
Medicine [ edit ]
Physics [ edit ]
Technology [ edit ]
May 27 –
Swiss-born scientist Auguste Piccard and his assistant, engineer Paul Kipfer, taking off from Augsburg, Germany, reach a record altitude of 15,785 m (51,788 ft) in a balloon with a pressurized gondola, gathering data on the upper atmosphere and measuring cosmic rays, the first human flight into the stratosphere. October 5 –
American aviators Clyde Edward Pangborn and Hugh Herndon, Jr., complete the first non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean, from Misawa, Japan, to East Wenatchee, Washington, in 41½ hours. [3 ] October 24 – The
George Washington Bridge across the Hudson River in the United States is dedicated; it opens to traffic the following day. At 3,500 feet (1,100 m), it nearly doubles the previous record for the longest suspension span in the world. December 14 – British electronics engineer
Alan Blumlein of EMI submits a UK patent application for "Improvements in and relating to Sound-transmission, Sound-recording and Sound-reproducing Systems" – binaural or stereophonic sound.
László Bíró first exhibits his ballpoint pen, in Budapest.
George Beauchamp invents the electric guitar. [4 ] Construction of the
Hoover Dam begins on the Colorado River in the United States (chief designing engineer: John L. Savage).
Other events [ edit ]
January 20 –
David Lee, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. February 10 –
Carl Rettenmeyer (died 2009), American biologist specialising in army ants. March 22 –
Burton Richter, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. March 25 –
John A. Eddy (died 2009), American astronomer. May 31 –
John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. June 27 –
Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. August 15 –
Richard F. Heck (died 2015), American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. August 20 –
Ayhan Ulubelen, Turkish natural product chemist. August 23 –
Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. August 30 –
Jack Swigert (died 1982), American astronaut. September 27 –
W. Maxwell Cowan (died 2002), South African neuroanatomist. September 29 –
James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. October 6 –
Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. October 12 –
Ole-Johan Dahl (died 2002), Norwegian computer scientist, pioneer of object-oriented programming. October 15 –
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (died 2015), President of India and rocket scientist.
References [ edit ]