1931 in and science technology involved some significant events, listed below.
Astronomy [ edit ]
Chemistry [ edit ]
History of science [ edit ]
Mathematics [ edit ]
Medicine [ edit ]
Physics [ edit ]
Technology [ edit ]
May 27 –
Swiss-born scientist Auguste Piccard and his assistant, engineer Paul Kipfer, taking off from Augsburg, Germany, reach a record altitude of 15,785 m (51,788 ft) in a balloon with a pressurized gondola, gathering data on the upper atmosphere and measuring cosmic rays, the first human flight into the stratosphere. October 5 –
American aviators Clyde Edward Pangborn and Hugh Herndon, Jr., complete the first non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean, from Misawa, Japan, to East Wenatchee, Washington, in 41½ hours.  October 24 – The
George Washington Bridge across the Hudson River in the United States is dedicated; it opens to traffic the following day. At 3,500 feet (1,100 m), it nearly doubles the previous record for the longest suspension span in the world. December 14 – British electronics engineer
Alan Blumlein of EMI submits a UK patent application for "Improvements in and relating to Sound-transmission, Sound-recording and Sound-reproducing Systems" – binaural or stereophonic sound.
László Bíró first exhibits his ballpoint pen, in Budapest.
George Beauchamp invents the electric guitar.  Construction of the
Hoover Dam begins on the Colorado River in the United States (chief designing engineer: John L. Savage).
Other events [ edit ]
January 20 –
David Lee, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. February 10 –
Carl Rettenmeyer (died 2009), American biologist specialising in army ants. March 22 –
Burton Richter, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. March 25 –
John A. Eddy (died 2009), American astronomer. May 25 –
Georgy Grechko (died 2017), Soviet Russian cosmonaut. May 31 –
John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. June 27 –
Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. August 15 –
Richard F. Heck (died 2015), American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. August 20 –
Ayhan Ulubelen, Turkish natural product chemist. August 23 –
Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. August 30 –
Jack Swigert (died 1982), American astronaut. September 10 –
Idelisa Bonnelly, Dominican marine biologist. September 27 –
W. Maxwell Cowan (died 2002), South African neuroanatomist. September 29 –
James Watson Cronin (died 2016), American nuclear physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. October 6 –
Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. October 12 –
Ole-Johan Dahl (died 2002), Norwegian computer scientist, pioneer of object-oriented programming. October 15 –
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (died 2015), President of India and rocket scientist.
January 1 –
Martinus Beijerinck (born 1851), Dutch microbiologist and botanist. February 3 –
Herman Frederik Carel ten Kate (born 1858), Dutch anthropologist. February 11 –
Sir Charles Parsons (born 1854), British inventor of the steam turbine. February 26 –
Otto Wallach (born 1847), German chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. May 9 –
Albert A. Michelson (born 1852), Polish American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics. May 23 –
Aldred Scott Warthin (born 1867), American cancer geneticist. October 8 – General Sir
John Monash (born 1865), Australian civil engineer. October 17 –
Alfons Maria Jakob (born 1884), German neuropathologist. October 18 –
Thomas Edison (born 1847), American inventor. November 27 – Sir
David Bruce (born 1855), Scottish microbiologist.
References [ edit ]