1932 in the United Kingdom
Jump to navigation Jump to search
|1932 in the United Kingdom|
|1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, television and music|
- 8 January – the Archbishop of Canterbury forbids church remarriage of divorcees.
- 24 January – inmates at Dartmoor Prison mutiny.
- 26 January – British submarine HMS M2 sinks off the Dorset coast with all sixty hands.
- 4–15 February – Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete in the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, New York but do not win any medals.
- 1–29 February – with an average precipitation of 8.8 millimetres or 0.35 inches, this period constitutes the driest calendar month over the United Kingdom as a whole since records began in 1910.
- 1 March – Import Duties Act re-establishes protective trade tariffs.
- 15 March – first broadcast from the newly opened Broadcasting House.
- 6 April – Ministry of Health encourages local councils to engage in widespread slum clearance.
- 13 April – mass trespass of Kinder Scout, a willful trespass by ramblers at Kinder Scout, in the Peak District of England, to protest against lack of free public access to open country.
- 23 April – new Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens in Stratford-upon-Avon. Designed by Elisabeth Scott, it is the country's first important work by a woman architect.
- 1 May – protestors and police clash in Hyde Park, London, during a May day protest against Japan's attitude towards China when they try to march on the Japanese Embassy.
- 10 May – James Chadwick discovers the neutron.
- 26 May – the Scots law case of Donoghue v Stevenson is decided in the House of Lords, establishing the modern concept of a duty of care in cases of negligence.
- 4 July – George Carwardine patents the Anglepoise lamp.
- 12 July – Hedley Verity of Yorkshire establishes a new first-class cricket record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.
- 19 July – King George V opens the replacement Lambeth Bridge.
- 30 July–14 August – Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Olympics in Los Angeles, California and win 4 gold, 7 silver and 5 bronze.
- 1 August – Forrest Mars produces the first Mars bar in his Slough factory.
- 22 August – first experimental television broadcast by the BBC.
- 20 September – Methodist Union: the Methodist Church is formed in Britain by merger of the Wesleyan Methodist Church, the Primitive Methodists and the United Methodist Church.
- 26 September – first contingent of the National Hunger March leaves Glasgow.
- 3 October – The Times newspaper first appears set in the Times New Roman typeface devised by Stanley Morison.
- 7 October – Thomas Beecham establishes the London Philharmonic Orchestra.
- 13 October – Britain grants independence to Iraq in exchange for a restrictive long-term military alliance.
- 27 October – arrival of the Hunger March in London leads to several violent clashes with police.
- 14 November – book tokens go on sale in the UK.
- 30 November – the BBC begins a series of radio broadcasts to mark the 75th birthday of Sir Edward Elgar.
- 2 December – English cricket team in Australia in 1932–33: opening of the 'bodyline' series.
- 5 December – the comic strip character Jane first appears in the Daily Mirror.
- 10 December
- John Galsworthy wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga".
- Charles Scott Sherrington and Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons".
- 19 December – the BBC Empire Service, later known as the BBC World Service, begins broadcasting using a shortwave facility at its Daventry transmitting station.
- 25 December – King George V delivers the first Royal Christmas Message.
- Opening of the Hoover Building on the Western Avenue in Perivale, Middlesex, a noted example of Art Deco architecture, designed by Wallis, Gilbert and Partners for The Hoover Company.
- Production of Weetabix breakfast cereal in the U.K. begins at Burton Latimer in Northamptonshire.
- English Folk Dance and Song Society formed by merger of the Folk-Song Society and the English Folk Dance Society.
- Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot novel Peril at End House.
- Lewis Grassic Gibbon's novel Sunset Song, first in A Scots Quair trilogy.
- Stella Gibbons' parodic novel Cold Comfort Farm.
- J. B. S. Haldane's book The Causes of Evolution, unifying Mendelian genetics and evolutionary science.
- Aldous Huxley's dystopian novel Brave New World.
- Captain W. E. Johns' first Biggles aviation stories, collected as The Camels are Coming.
- F. R. Leavis' book New Bearings in English Poetry.
- Q. D. Leavis' book Fiction and the Reading Public.
- John Cowper Powys' novel A Glastonbury Romance.
- Evelyn Waugh's novel Black Mischief.
- First issue of the journal of literary criticism Scrutiny: a quarterly review edited by F. R. Leavis (published in May).
- First issue of the magazine Woman's Own.
- 4 January – Thelma Holt, actress and producer
- 29 January
- 1 February – John Nott, Conservative politician
- 8 February – Cliff Allison, racing driver (died 2005)
- 27 February – Elizabeth Taylor, actress (died 2011)
- 25 April – William Roache, actor (Coronation Street)
- 26 April – Michael Smith, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 2000)
- 7 May – Jenny Joseph, poet (died 2018)
- 8 May – Phyllida Law, actress
- 12 May – Derek Malcolm, historian and critic
- 19 May – Alma Cogan, singer (died 1966)
- 24 May – Arnold Wesker, dramatist (died 2016)
- 30 May
- 18 June – Geoffrey Hill, poet (died 2016)
- 22 June – Prunella Scales, actress
- 25 June – Peter Blake, pop artist
- 26 June – John Wall, inventor (died 2018)
- 16 July – John Chilton, jazz trumpeter (died 2016)
- 6 August – Howard Hodgkin, painter and print-maker (died 2017)
- 17 August – V. S. Naipaul, Trinidadian-born writer (died 2018)
- 20 August – Anthony Ainley, actor (died 2004)
- 24 August – Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, cardinal and Archbishop of Westminster (died 2017)
- 4 September – Dinsdale Landen, actor (died 2003)
- 7 September – Malcolm Bradbury, author and academic (died 2000)
- 11 September – Peter Anderson, footballer
- 27 September – Michael Colvin, Conservative politician (died 2000)
- 8 October – Ray Reardon, Welsh snooker player
- 10 October – Harry Smith, footballer
- 15 October – Vince Karalius, English rugby league footballer and coach (died 2008)
- 25 October – Maurice Dodd, cartoonist (died 2005)
- 15 November – Petula Clark, singer, actress, and songwriter
- 18 November – Trevor Baxter, actor and playwright (died 2017)
- 20 November – Richard Dawson, comedian and game show host (died 2012)
- 21 November – Beryl Bainbridge, novelist (died 2010)
- 24 December – Colin Cowdrey, cricketer (died 2000)
- 28 December – Roy Hattersley, Labour politician
- 13 January – Ernest Mangnall, football manager (born 1866)
- 21 January – Lytton Strachey writer and biographer (born 1880)
- 24 January – Sir Alfred Yarrow, shipbuilder and philanthropist (born 1842)
- 10 February – Edgar Wallace, novelist and screenwriter (born 1875)
- 4 March – Fawcet Wray, admiral (born 1873)
- 11 March – Dora Carrington, painter (born 1893)
- 16 March – Harold Monro, poet and bookshop proprietor (born 1879)
- 26 April – William Lockwood, cricketer (born 1868)
- 13 June – Alexander Bethell, admiral (born 1855)
- 6 July – Kenneth Grahame, author (born 1859)
- 16 July – Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, general (born 1857)
- 22 July – J. Meade Falkner, novelist and poet (born 1858)
- 23 July – Tenby Davies, Welsh sprinter (born 1884)
- 19 August – E. S. Prior, Arts and crafts architect and theorist (born 1852)
- 16 September – Ronald Ross, physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1857)
- 1 October – W. G. Collingwood, painter and author (born 1854)
- 30 October – Paul Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen, field marshal (born 1845)
- 12 November – Sir Dugald Clerk, mechanical engineer (born 1854)
- 13 November – Catherine Isabella Dodd, education writer and novelist (born 1860)
- 8 December – Gertrude Jekyll, garden designer, writer and artist (born 1843)
- Fitzgerald, Michael (1977). Prisoners In Revolt. Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp. 123–6. ISBN 0-14-021922-6.
- UK rainfall ranked, 1910 to 2015
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 375–376. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Mass trespass on Kinder Scout". The Guardian. Manchester. 25 April 1932. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Pringle, Marian (1994). The Theatres of Stratford-upon-Avon, 1875–1992: an architectural history. Stratford-upon-Avon Society. p. 29. ISBN 0-9514178-1-9.
- Chadwick, J., F.R.S. "The Existence of the Neutron". Proceedings of the Royal Society. A136: 692–708.
- Chapman, Matthew (2010). The Snail and the Ginger Beer: the story of Donoghue v Stevenson. London: Wildy, Simmons & Hill. ISBN 0-85490-049-7.
- "Mars – the chocolate planet". Slough History Online. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- Hannington, Wal (1973). Unemployed Struggles, 1919–1936: My Life and Struggles Amongst the Unemployed. Barnes & Noble Books. p. 237. ISBN 0-85409-837-2.
- Ewing, Keith D.; Gearty, C.A. (2001). The Struggle for Civil Liberties: Political Freedom and the Rule of Law in Britain, 1914–1945. Oxford University Press. p. 220. ISBN 0-19-876251-8.
- The Times: Past, Present, Future. 1985. p. 50.
- Jefferson, Alan (2004). "Beecham, Sir Thomas, second baronet (1879–1961)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
- Cronin, James E. (1984). Labour and Society in Britain, 1918–1979. London: Batsford Academic & Educational. p. 96. ISBN 0-7134-4395-2.
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 1932
- The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1932
- Tomalin, Norman (1998). Daventry Calling the World (PDF). Whitby: Caedmon. ISBN 0-905355-46-6. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- "Hoover Factory, Perivale". 74SIMON.Co.UK. Retrieved 2010-07-07.