1933 Maccabiah Games
|Host city||Zakopane, Poland|
|Opening ceremony||February 2|
|Closing ceremony||February 5|
|Main venue||Wielka Krokiew, Zakopane|
The 1st Winter Maccabiah (Hebrew: מכביית החורף הראשונה; Polish: Pierwsza zimowa Makabiada) was held in Zakopane, Poland from February 2 to 5, 1933. Coincidentally, the opening ceremony took place two days after Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor (30 January 1933).
Following the successful games of the 1st Maccabiah in 1932, there was a growing interest in winter sports among the European nations. The Maccabi federation of Poland was in charge of organizing the Winter Maccabiah. In the 1930s, that federation was strongest pillar of the Maccabi World Union, consisting of 30,000 Jewish athletes members. The games were met with great opposition; the Gazeta Warszawska newspaper encouraged Polish youth to intervene during the games to prevent the "Jewification of Polish winter sports venues".
The opening ceremony for the games took place at the Stadium in Zakopane on February 2, 1933. Lord Melchett, honorary president of the World Maccabi Organization, did not attend the ceremony; instead he sent his blessing and an apology - a large statue depicting the persecution of Jews resistance to anti-semitism through the ages
Poland received the most medals in the first winter Maccabiah; Some of the wins include I. Wahrenhaupt (Men's 18 km cross-country skiing), Szwarcbard (Women's 8 km cross-country skiing), M. Enker (Male Luge), R. Enker (Women Luge), G. Bergler (figure skating), H. Mückenbrun (Downhill), and Women's 3×5 kilometer relay.
The 1st Winter Maccabiah also hosted the first international Maccabiah hockey tournament.
Poland led the medal count in the first Maccabiah.
- נישטו לורד מלצ'ט! [Nicht Lord Melchett!] (in Yiddish). 1933. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Anna Pollak-Fass (May 8, 2006). "JEWISH LIFE IN THE PODHALE DISTRICT". Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- Rokicki, Jarosław (November 24, 2008). "Makabiady" (in Polish). Rzeczpospolita. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Maccabi Movement". YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Mendelsohn, Ezra (March 31, 2009). Jews and the Sporting Life : Studies in Contemporary Jewry XXIII. Oxford University Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0195382914.