1933 in Germany
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Other events of 1933|
List of years in Germany
Events in the year 1933 in Germany.
- Paul von Hindenburg (Non-partisan)
- 30 January — Nazi leader Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany by President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg.
- 1 February – Adolf Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin.
- 27 February – The Reichstag, Germany's parliament building in Berlin, is set on fire.
- 28 February – The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in response to the Reichstag fire, nullifying many German civil liberties.
- 1 March – Hundreds are arrested as the Nazis round up their political opponents.
- 5 March — German federal election, March 1933: National Socialists gain 43.9% of the votes.
- 8 March – Nazis occupy the Bavarian State Parliament and expel deputies.
- 12 March – Hindenburg bans the flag of the republic and orders the Imperial and Nazi flag to fly side by side.
- 15 March – Hitler proclaims the Third Reich.
- 20 March — Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed (it opens 22 March).
- 22 March – The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
- 26 March – Air minister Hermann Göring denies that Germany's Jews are in danger.
- 1 April – The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organise a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
- 7 April – The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service is passed, forcing all "non-Aryans" to retire from the legal profession and civil service.
- 21 April – Germany outlaws the kosher ritual shechita.
- 26 April – The Gestapo is established in Germany.
- 27 April – The Stahlhelm organisation joins the Nazi Party.
- 10 May – The Nazis stage massive public book burnings throughout Germany.
- 26 May — The Nazi Party introduces a law to legalise eugenic sterilisation.
- 25 June – The Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegates convene in Berlin.
- 14 July – Forming new political parties is forbidden in Germany. The Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring is implemented. All non-Nazi parties are forbidden in Germany.
- 20 July - Signing of the Reichskonkordat between the Vatican and Nazi Germany.
- 23 August – The Nazis publish the first of the four lists of people, whose German Citizenship, Passports and other privileges were withdrawn. On the first list of Thirty-three names, were the Jewish authors Heinrich Mann, Lion Feuchtwanger, Ernst Toller and Kurt Tucholsky.
- 16 October – Germany announces its intention to officially leave the League of Nations.
- 12 November - German election, November 1933
- Nazi Germany forms the Expert Committee on Questions of Population and Racial Policy under Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick.
- German physicists Walther Meissner and Robert Ochsenfeld discovered the Meissner effect in 1933 by measuring the magnetic field distribution outside superconducting tin and lead samples.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2011)
- 3 March - Gerhard Mayer-Vorfelder, German Vice President of the Union of European Football Associations (died 2015)
- 5 March - Walter Kasper, German cardinal of Roman-Catholic Church
- 6 March - Willy Schäfer, German actor (died 2011)
- 7 March - Hannelore Kohl, first wife of German Chancellor Helmut Kohl (died 2001)
- 9 March - Reinhard Lettmann, bishop of the Roman Catholic Church (died 2013)
- 20 March — Michael Pfleghar, German film director and screenwriter (died 1991)
- 7 April - Johannes Schaaf, German film and theatre director
- 29 May — Helmuth Rilling, German choral conductor
- 27 June - Horst Brandstätter, German businessman (died 2015)
- 3 July - Maximilian, Margrave of Baden, German nobleman
- 11 July - Ernst Jacobi, German actor
- 14 July - Franz, Duke of Bavaria, German nobleman
- 16 July - Heinz Dürr, German entrepreneur
- 6 August - Ulrich Biesinger, German footballer (died 2011)
- 16 August - Reiner Kunze, German writer
- 10 September - Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer
- 14 October - Wilfried Dietrich German wrestler (died 1992)
- 23 October — Yigal Tumarkin, German-born Israeli painter and sculptor
- 30 October - Johanna von Koczian, German actress
- 9 November - Renate Ewert, German acress (died 1966)
- 13 November - Peter Härtling, German writer, poet, publisher and journalist (died 2017)
- 4 December - Horst Buchholz, German actor (died 2003)
- January 3 — Wilhelm Cuno, German politician and former Chancellor of Germany (born 1876)
- April 24 - Wilhelm von Schoen, German diplomat (born 1851)
- September 9 - Friedrich Fülleborn, German physician who specialized in tropical medicine and parasitology (born 1866)
- September 14 - Theodor Rocholl, Gemran painter (born 1854)
- October 11 — Reinhold Tiling, German engineer (born 1893)
- November 26 - Franz Bracht, German politician (born 1877)
- December 4 - Stefan George, German symbolist poet (born 1868)
- December 9 - Julius Falkenstein, German actor (born 1879)