1934 in poetry
- 1 Events
- 2 Works published in English
- 3 Works published in other languages
- 4 Awards and honors
- 5 Births
- 6 Deaths
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- April 6 – Rudyard Kipling and W. B. Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
- September – T. S. Eliot (with his first love, Emily Hale) visits the English Cotswolds manor house and garden which gives rise to his poem Burnt Norton.
- September 21 – The Barretts of Wimpole Street, a film directed by Sidney Franklin with Norma Shearer as Elizabeth Barrett and Fredric March as Robert Browning, is released in the United States; remade in 1957, less successfully
- Bengali poet Buddhadeb Bosu marries singer and writer Protiva Bose (née Ranu Shome).
- The University Review is founded at the University of Kansas City. The publication is later called New Letters.
- West Indian Review founded.
Works published in English
- Kenneth Leslie, Windward Rock: Poems. New York: Macmillan.
- Tom MacInnes, High Low Along.
- Frederick George Scott, Collected Poems. Vancouver: Clarke & Stuart Co. Ltd.
- Charles G.D. Roberts, The Iceberg and Other Poems. (Toronto: Ryerson).
- Theodore Goodridge Roberts, The Leather Bottle
- Seranus, Penelope and Other Poems (Toronto: Author).
- Sri Aurobindo, Six Poems ( Poetry in English ), Chandernagore: Rameshwar and Co.
- Harindranath Chattopadhyaya, Cross Road ( Poetry in English ), Madras: Shama's Publishing House
- P. R. Kaikini, Flower Offerings ( Prose poems in English ) ; Bombay: Bombay Book Depot
- E. E. Speight, editor, Indian Masters of English ( Poetry in English ), London: Longmans, Green; anthology; published in the United Kingdom
- Edmund Blunden, Choice or Chance
- Maud Bodkin, Archetypal Patterns of Poetry: Psychological Studies of Imagination, criticism
- Lilian Bowes Lyon, The White Hare
- Roy Campbell, Broken Record, the first version of his autobiography; South African native published in the United Kingdom
- Helen Cruickshank, Up the Noran Water, Scottish poet
- Lawrence Durrell, Transition
- T. S. Eliot, The Rock
- William Golding, Poems
- Pauline Gower, Piffling Poems for Pilots
- I. M. and H. Hubbard, The War Resisters, and Other Poems
- T. L. W. Hubbard, Poems, 1925–1934
- John Lehmann, The Noise of History
- Hugh MacDiarmid, pen name of Christopher Murray Grieve, Stony Limits and Other Poems, Scottish poet
- Ruth Pitter, A Mad Lady's Garland, preface by Hilaire Belloc
- Nan Shepherd, In the Cairngorms
- William Soutar, The Solitary Way
- E. E. Speight, editor, Indian Masters of English, London: Longmans, Green; anthology; Indian poetry in English, published in the United Kingdom
- Stephen Spender, Vienna
- Dylan Thomas, 18 Poems, including "The Force that Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower"
- W. B. Yeats, The King of the Great Clock Tower, Irish poet published in the United Kingdom
- James Agee, Permit Me Voyage
- W. H. Auden, Poems
- Paul Engle, American Song
- John A. Lomax, compiler, with Alan Lomax, American Ballads and Folk Songs
- Edna St. Vincent Millay, Wine From These Grapes
- George Oppen, Discrete Series
- Ezra Pound:
- Edward Arlington Robinson, Amaranth
- Jesse Stuart, Man with a Bull-Tongue Plow
- William Carlos Williams, Collected Poems 1921–1931
- Yvor Winters, Before Disaster
Other in English
- R. A. K. Mason, No New Thing, New Zealand
- Shaw Neilson, Collected Poems of John Shaw Neilson, edited and with introduction by R. H. Croll, Melbourne, Lothian, Australia
- W. B. Yeats, The King of the Great Clock Tower, Irish poet published in the United Kingdom
Works published in other languages
- Louis Aragon, Hourra l'oural
- André Breton, L'Air de l'eau
- René Char, Le Marteau sans maître
- Paul Éluard, pen name of Paul-Eugène Grindel, La Rose publique
- Alphonse Métérié:
- Benjamin Péret, De derrière les fagots
- Jules Supervielle, Les Amis inconnus
Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:
- Gopal Sharan, Umanga, on themes of patriotism and love of nature
- Mahadevi Varma, Nirja
- Rameshvar Shukla, Kiran Bela
- Fazil Kashmiri, Saz-e-Chaman
- Mahjoor, "Nera Ha Sanyas Lagith", a poem published in a special number of Martand
- Man Ji Suri, Krishna Avtar, a masnavi on Krishna, but also including devotional lyrics in the vatsan form
- Durbhaka Rajesekhara Satavadhani, Rana Pratapa Simha Caritra, called one of the "five modern epics", or Panca Kavya's in Telugu poetry; written in 5 cantos, with about 2,000 verses, in classical style, based on the Annals and Andiquities of Rajasthan by James Dodd
- Meka Ramachandra Appa Rao, translator, Amaruka, translation from English of Omar Khayyam's Rubbayit
- Tripurancni Ramaswami, Sutapuranam, poem criticizing Aryan mythologies; written in a classical style
- Pingali Lakshmikantam and Katuri Venkateshvara Rao, Saundaranandamu, epic in nine cantos, based on a Sanskrit poem by Asvagosha
Other Indian languages
- D. R. Bendre, also known as Ambikatanaya Datta, Murtu Mattu Kamakasturi, long, philosophical poem in 11 parts and 15 love songs; influenced by A.E.'s The Candle of Vision; Kannada
- Govinda Krishna Chettur, The Shadow of God, 37 sonnets in Kashmiri and a short prefatory poem in English; modeled on Alfred Lord Tennyson's In Memoriam
- Khavirakpan, Smaran mangal Kavya, humorous poems in Manipuri
- Kirpa Sagar, Dido Jamval, epic on the actions of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the Jammu area; Punjabi
- Masti Venkatesa Iyengar, Malara, a book that introduced the sonnet form into Kannada poetry; the 82 sonnets approach different subjects, including day-to-day life and the change of seasons, from a very religious point of view and in an uncomplicated, conversational style
- N. Balamani Amma, Amma, on a mother's love and a child's innocence; Malayalam
- Narayan Murlidhar Gupte, writing under the pen name "Bee", Phulanci Onjal ("Handful of Flowers"), showing the influence of Kesavsut; Marathi
- Pramathanath Bisi, Pracin Asami Haite, sonnets wrritten from 1924 to 1927 from the most prolific published sonnet-writer in Bengali; a companion volume, Bracin Parasik Haite, was published in the late 1960s
- Umashankur Joshi, Gangotri, Gujarati-language
- Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Savarakaranci Sphuta Kavita, including "Sagaras" ("To the Sea"), and patriotic poems such as "Maze Mrtypatra" ("My Will") and "Maranonmukh Sayyevar" ("Upon the death-bed"); by a Marathi revolutionary
- José Santos Chocano, Primicias de Oro de Indias, Peru
- Constantin S. Nicolăescu-Plopșor – Ghileà romanè (anthology)
- Martinus Nijhoff, Awater, Netherlands
- Alejandro Peralta, El Kollao, Peru
- Heiti Talvik, Palavik ("Fever"), Estonia
- Ernst Volkman, ed., Deutsche Dichtung im Weltkrieg, Germany
Awards and honors
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Robert Hillyer: Collected Verse
- Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Laurence Whistler
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 6 – John Wieners (died 2002), American lyric poet
- February 10 – Fleur Adcock, expatriate New Zealand poet and editor who lives much of her life in England
- February 18 – Audre Lorde, American writer, poet and activist
- February 27 – N. Scott Momaday, Native American poet and writer
- March 31 – Kamala Das, Indian poet and writer in English and Malayalam, her native language
- March 20 – David Malouf, Australian poet and writer
- April 11 – Mark Strand, American poet
- April 12 – Anselm Hollo, Finnish-American poet and translator also resident for eight years in the United Kingdom, where his poems are included in British poetry anthologies. (He lives most of his life in the United States.)
- May 10 – Jayne Cortez (died 2012), African-American poet
- July 1 – James Liddy (died 2008), Irish American poet
- July 13 – Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, poet and playwright who in 1986 is the first African to win the Nobel Prize in Literature
- July 17 – Rainer Kirsch (died 2015), German writer and poet
- July 18 – Walt McDonald, American poet and academic
- July 20 – Henry Dumas (died 1968), African-American writer and poet
- August 5 – Wendell Berry, American novelist, essayist, poet, professor, cultural critic and farmer
- August 6 – Diane Di Prima, American poet associated with the Beats
- September 2 – Jack Agüeros (died 2014), American community activist, poet, writer and translator
- September 7 – Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian Bengali-language poet
- September 9 – Sonia Sanchez, African-American poet, playwright and children's book author associated with the Black Arts Movement
- September 21 – Leonard Cohen (died 2016), Canadian-born poet, singer-songwriter and novelist
- September 23 – M. Travis Lane, American-Canadian poet
- October 7 – Amiri Baraka, born LeRoi Jones, African-American poet, playwright, essayist and music critic whose first wife is poet Hettie Jones
- October 24 – Adrian Mitchell (died 2008), English poet, playwright, children's author, journalist and political activist
- November 7 – Beverly Dahlen, American poet
- November 15 – Ted Berrigan (died 1983), American poet and political activist
- November 19 – Joanne Kyger, American poet
- November 25 – Shakti Chattopadhyay, Bengali poet
- November 28 – Ted Walker (died 2004) English poet, short story writer, travel writer, television and radio dramatist and broadcaster
- December 17 – Binoy Majumdar (died 2006), Bengali poet
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 8 – Andrei Bely (born 1880), Russian novelist, poet and critic
- March 7 – Ernst Enno (born 1875), Estonian
- March 25 – Arthur Alfred Lynch (born 1861), Australian-born, Irish and British civil engineer, physician, journalist, author, soldier, anti-imperialist and polymath who served as a member of the House of Commons after being convicted of treason, sentenced to death, having his sentence reduced and then being released (for having recruited volunteers for the Boer side during the Boer War, in South Africa); towards the end of World War I raised his own Irish battalion
- June 14 – John Gray (born 1866), English
- July 4 – Hayim Nahman Bialik (born 1873), Hebrew
- August 19 – Jean Blewett (born 1862), Canadian
- September 26 – Inoue Kenkabō 井上剣花坊 pen name of Inoue Koichi (born 1870), late Meiji, Taishō and early Shōwa period Japanese journalist and writer of senryū (short, humorous verse) (surname: Inoue)
- "Selected Timeline of Anglophone Caribbean Poetry" in Williams, Emily Allen, Anglophone Caribbean Poetry, 1970–2001: An Annotated Bibliography, page xvii and following pages, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 978-0-313-31747-7, retrieved via Google Books, February 7, 2009.
- Burris Devanney, Sandra Campbell and Domenico Di Nardo. "Kenneth Leslie: A Preliminary Bibliography." Canadian Poetry: Studies/Documents/Reviews No.05 (Fall/Winter 1979), UWO, Web, Apr. 15, 2011
- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- "Frederick George Scott," Canadian Poetry, UWO, Web, Apr. 19, 12011.
- Wanda Campbell, "Susan Frances Harrison," Hidden Rooms: Early Canadian Women Poets, Canadian Poetry P, 2002, Canadian Poetry, UWO, Web, May 4, 2010.
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 313, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 316, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 322, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Joshi, Irene, compiler, "Poetry Anthologies", "Poetry Anthologies" section, "University Libraries, University of Washington" website, "Last updated May 8, 1998", retrieved June 16, 2009. Archived 2009-06-19.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press
- Ackroyd, Peter, Ezra Pound, Thames and Hudson Ltd., London, 1980, "Bibliography" chapter, p 121
- Allen Curnow Web page at the New Zealand Book Council website, accessed April 21, 2008
- Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
- Bree, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
- Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
- "José Santos Chocano". Jaume University. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- Fitts, Dudley, ed. (1947). Anthology of Contemporary Latin-American Poetry/Antología de la Poesía Americana Contemporánea Norfolk, Conn., New Directions (also London: The Falcoln Press, but printed in U.S.) p. 635.
- Kustow, Michael (2008-12-21). "Poet Adrian Mitchell dies, aged 76: Inspirational poet, playwright and performer who was a natural pacifist". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- Paniker, Ayyappa (1992). "Modern Malayalam Literature". In George, K. M. Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 231–255. Retrieved 2009-01-10.