1934 in the United Kingdom
Jump to navigation Jump to search
|1934 in the United Kingdom|
|1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, television and music|
- 1 January – establishment of the National Council for Civil Liberties by Ronald Kidd and Sylvia Crowther-Smith.
- 16 January – first BBC regional radio broadcast from Stoke-on-Trent (Paul Brittain playing the piano).
- 21 January – ten thousand people attend a British Union of Fascists rally in Birmingham, organised by Oswald Mosley.
- 27 March – the 1934 Betting and Lotteries Act is passed. Part 1 (betting) is designed to restrict betting on racecourses and tracks to a maximum of 104 days. Part 2 (lotteries) prohibits the sale of lottery tickets, primarily directed against the Irish Free State Hospitals' Sweepstake.
- April – Meccano Ltd introduce the first Dinky Toys.
- 3 April – Percy Shaw patents the cat's eye road-safety device.
- 6 April – Rudyard Kipling and William Butler Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
- 21 April
- 4 May – fifty-four-year-old grandmother Mrs G. E. Alington becomes the first woman in Britain to complete a parachute jump, skydiving from 1500 feet over Brooklands Aerodrome.
- 28 May – opening of first Glyndebourne Festival Opera season.
- 29 May – first regular domestic airmail service, inaugurated by Highland Airways between Inverness and Kirkwall.
- 12 July – Petroleum (Production) Act vests ownership of all U.K. subterranean oil and natural gas in the Crown.
- 18 July – opening of the Queensway Tunnel beneath the River Mersey by King George V.
- 19 July – 41 squadrons added to the Royal Air Force as part of a new air defence program.
- 4–11 August – British Empire Games held at Wembley Park, London.
- 6 September – the BBC's most powerful long-wave transmitter, Droitwich Transmitting Station, starts transmitting regularly at 200 kilohertz, following test transmissions from 8 May.
- 10 September – the British Graham Land Expedition sets out to explore Graham Land in Antarctica.
- 22 September – Gresford disaster: a gas explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wrexham, north-east Wales, which leads to the death of 266 miners and rescuers, one of the worst tragedies in Welsh mining history.
- 26 September – launching of the liner RMS Queen Mary at Clydebank.
- 29 September – Stanley Matthews makes his debut for the England national football team, beginning a record 23-year international career.
- 29 November – marriage of Prince George, Duke of Kent, to Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, the first this century, and last, foreign-born princess to marry into the British royal family; the wedding is the first to be broadcast live on radio.
- 30 November – London and North Eastern Railway steam locomotive Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first officially to exceed 100 miles per hour (160.9 km/h) on test in England.
- 10 December – Arthur Henderson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Special Areas Act provides grants from central government funds to assist regions with high unemployment.
- The "British Committee for Relations with Other Countries", which will become the British Council, is set up to foster cultural relations.
- The London Zoo penguin pool, designed by Berthold Lubetkin's Tecton Architectural Group with Ove Arup, one of the most significant examples of modern architecture in Britain.
- EKCO introduces its distinctive round bakelite radio cabinets.
- John Betjeman's guidebook Cornwall, first of the Shell Guides.
- Agatha Christie's novels Murder on the Orient Express (featuring Hercule Poirot) and Why Didn't They Ask Evans?.
- Robert Graves' novel I, Claudius.
- James Hilton's novel Goodbye, Mr. Chips.
- George Orwell's memoir Burmese Days.
- J. B. Priestley's travelogue English Journey.
- Dorothy L. Sayers' Lord Peter Wimsey novel The Nine Tailors.
- Dylan Thomas' first collection 18 Poems, including "The Force that Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower".
- Geoffrey Trease's children's story Bows against the Barons.
- Evelyn Waugh's novel A Handful of Dust.
- P. G. Wodehouse's Thank You, Jeeves and Right Ho, Jeeves, the first Jeeves stories written as full-length novels.
- V. M. Yeates' war novel Winged Victory.
- 8 January – Roy Kinnear, actor (died 1988)
- 14 January – Richard Briers, actor (died 2013)
- 18 January – Raymond Briggs, writer and illustrator
- 20 January – Tom Baker, actor
- 11 February
- 17 February – Alan Bates, actor (died 2003)
- 25 February – Bernard Bresslaw, actor (died 1993)
- 6 March – John Noakes, children's television presenter (died 2017)
- 28 March – Laurie Taitt, Olympic sprint hurdler (died 2006)
- 1 April – Marie Patterson, English trade union leader
- 2 April – Brian Glover, actor and wrestler (died 1997)
- 3 April – Jane Goodall, primatologist
- 7 April – Ian Richardson, actor (died 2007)
- 16 April
- 3 May – Henry Cooper, boxer (died 2011)
- 8 May – David Williamson, Baron Williamson of Horton, English soldier and politician
- 9 May – David Plastow, English businessman
- 15 May – George Roper, comedian (died 2003)
- 24 May – Barry Rose, choir director and organist
- 26 May – Mike Rawson, track and field athlete (died 2000)
- 19 June – Terence Clark, soldier and diplomat, British Ambassador to Iraq
- 20 June – Brian Barder, diplomat (died 2017)
- 21 June – Ken Matthews, race walker
- 26 June – Jeremy Wolfenden, journalist and spy (died 1965)
- 1 July – Jean Marsh, actress
- 5 July – Philip Madoc, actor (died 2012)
- 8 July – Marty Feldman, writer, comedian and actor (died 1982)
- 11 July – Helen Cresswell, writer (died 2005)
- 14 July – John Tyndall, politician (died 2005)
- 15 July – Harrison Birtwistle, composer
- 6 August – Chris Bonington, mountaineer
- 19 August – Ronald Jones, track and field athlete
- 4 September – Clive Granger, economist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 2009)
- 8 September – Peter Maxwell Davies, composer (died 2016)
- 19 September – Brian Epstein, manager of The Beatles (died 1967)
- 21 September – David J. Thouless, Scottish-born condensed-matter physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 24 September – Tommy Anderson, footballer
- 20 October – Timothy West, actor
- 9 December – Judi Dench, actress
- 17 December – Ray Wilson, footballer (died 2018)
- 28 December
- 6 January – Herbert Chapman, football manager (born 1878)
- 23 January – Charles McLaren, 1st Baron Aberconway, politician and jurist (born 1850)
- 23 February – Sir Edward Elgar, composer (born 1857)
- 11 April – John Collier, writer and painter (born 1850)
- 25 May – Gustav Holst, composer (born 1874)
- 10 June – Frederick Delius, composer (born 1862)
- 10 September – George Henschel, musician (born 1850)
- 3 November – Sir Robert McAlpine, builder (born 1847)
- 16 November – Alice Hargreaves, who, as Alice Liddell, was the inspiration for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (born 1852)
- Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organisations. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 378–379. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Betting and Lotteries Act, 1934" (PDF). Legislation.gov.uk.
- Coleman, Marie (2005). ""A terrible danger to the morals of the country": The Irish hospitals' sweepstake in Great Britain, 1930–87". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Section C. 105 (5). Retrieved 2010-07-08.
- Coleman, Marie (2009). The Irish Sweep – A History of the Irish Hospitals Sweepstake, 1930–87. University College Dublin Press. ISBN 978-1-906359-41-6.
- Challoner, Jack, ed. (2009). 1001 Inventions That Changed the World. London: Cassell. pp. 634–5. ISBN 978-1-84403-611-0.
- Martin, David; Boyd, Alastair (1999). Nessie – the Surgeon's Photograph Exposed. East Barnet: authors. ISBN 0-9535708-0-0.
- "David Low". British Cartoon Archive. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635–1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 29.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Phillips, John (December 2006). "Droitwich Calling". Retrieved 2015-12-03.
- "No. 4472 Flying Scotsman". The Heritage Trail. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 2014-11-30.
- "The Nobel Peace Prize 1934". Archived from the original on 27 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
- The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. 1995. p. 709. ISBN 1-85585-178-4.
- "1930s and 1940s". British Council. Archived from the original on 15 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- "Berthold Lubetkin". Design Museum. Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-26.
- Marr, Andrew (2008). A History of Modern Britain. Macmillan. p. xxii. ISBN 978-0-330-43983-1.