1935 U.S. Open (golf)
|Dates||June 6–8, 1935|
|Course(s)||Oakmont Country Club|
|Format||Stroke play − 72 holes|
|Length||6,981 yards (6,383 m)|
|Field||159 players, 66 after cut|
|Sam Parks, Jr.|
The 1935 U.S. Open was the 39th U.S. Open, held June 6–8 at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, a suburb northeast of Pittsburgh. Sam Parks, Jr., a 25-year-old club pro at nearby South Hills Country Club with no prior tournament wins, prevailed by two strokes in difficult scoring conditions for his only major title. The purse was $5,000 and the winner's share was $1,000.
Jimmy Thomson owned the 36-hole lead after consecutive rounds of 73, despite severe weather that caused scores to soar. Sam Parks trailed by four, but in the third round he recorded a 60-foot (18 m) chip-in for eagle to tie Thomson, who shot a 77. The weather only got worse during the final round, and Thomson could do no better than a 78. Parks, however, shot a 76 for a two-stroke victory. Walter Hagen briefly led during the final round, but four consecutive bogeys knocked him back to third. It would be the last time that Hagen would contend in a major championship. Scoring conditions were so difficult that no player in contention broke 75 and 73 was the lowest score of the round.
Parks was certainly helped by his preparation for the tournament. Every day for a month, he stopped at Oakmont to play a practice round before returning to his own club. This practice paid off particularly on Oakmont's notoriously difficult greens, where he three-putted just twice in 72 holes. His winning score of 299 was the highest since 1927, also at Oakmont, and he was the only player to break 300. Born in nearby Bellevue, Parks was an alumnus of the University of Pittsburgh, where he had been captain of the golf team.
The field of 159 included six entrants from Japan and one from South Africa; the rest from 31 states and the District of Columbia. For the first time, a Japanese player made the cut at the Open. Kanekichi Nakamura was part of a tour of the U.S. by Japanese golfers and finished in 58th at 325. Chris Brinke captured low-amateur honors in 32nd place at 315, a stroke ahead of 1933 champion Johnny Goodman.
The Stimpmeter was inspired by the fast greens of this Open. Edward Stimpson, Sr., the Massachusetts amateur champion and a former captain of the Harvard golf team, devised a simple device and method to accurately measure the speed of greens.
Lengths of the course for previous major championships:
Past champions in the field
Made the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Walter Hagen||United States||1914, 1919||77||76||73||76||302||+14||3|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||1922, 1932||75||74||78||79||306||+18||T6|
|Olin Dutra||United States||1934||77||76||78||77||308||+20||T12|
|Billy Burke||United States||1931||77||84||75||79||315||+27||T32|
|Johnny Goodman (a)||United States||1933||77||78||83||78||316||+28||T36|
|Johnny Farrell||United States||1928||77||79||84||82||322||+34||T52|
Missed the cut
|Player||Country||Year won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Tommy Armour|| Scotland
Thursday, June 6, 1935
|1||Butch Krueger||United States||71||−1|
|2||Roland MacKenzie||United States||72||E|
|T3||Herman Barron||United States||73||+1|
|Cliff Spencer||United States|
|Horton Smith||United States|
|Jimmy Thomson|| Scotland
|T7||Tommy Armour||United States||74||+2|
|Ed Dudley||United States|
|Jim Foulis||United States|
|Macdonald Smith|| Scotland
Friday, June 7, 1935
|1||Jimmy Thomson|| Scotland
|2||Butch Krueger||United States||71-77=148||+4|
|3||Gene Sarazen||United States||75-74=149||+5|
|4||Sam Parks, Jr.||United States||77-73=150||+6|
|T5||Al Espinosa||United States||75-76=151||+7|
|Denny Shute||United States||78-73=151|
|Ted Turner||United States||80-71=151|
|T8||Herman Barron||United States||73-79=152||+8|
|Mortie Dutra||United States||75-77=152|
|Vincent Eldred||United States||75-77=152|
|Ray Mangrum||United States||76-76=152|
|Horton Smith||United States||73-79=152|
Saturday, June 8, 1935 (morning)
|T1||Sam Parks, Jr.||United States||77-73-73=223||+7|
|Jimmy Thomson|| Scotland
|3||Ray Mangrum||United States||76-76-72=224||+8|
|T4||Walter Hagen||United States||77-76-73=226||+10|
|Butch Krueger||United States||71-77-78=266|
|T6||Henry Picard||United States||79-78-70=227||+11|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||75-74-78=227|
|Denny Shute||United States||78-73-76=227|
|T9||Vincent Eldred||United States||75-75-77=229||+13|
|Al Espinosa||United States||75-76-78=229|
|Dick Metz||United States||77-76-76=229|
Saturday, June 8, 1935 (afternoon)
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Sam Parks, Jr.||United States||77-73-73-76=299||+11||1,000|
|2||Jimmy Thomson|| Scotland
|3||Walter Hagen||United States||77-76-73-76=302||+14||650|
|T4||Ray Mangrum||United States||76-76-72-79=303||+15||500|
|Denny Shute||United States||78-73-76-76=303|
|T6||Butch Krueger||United States||71-77-78-80=306||+18||218|
|Henry Picard||United States||79-78-70-79=306|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||75-74-78-79=306|
|Horton Smith||United States||73-79-79-75=306|
|T10||Dick Metz||United States||77-76-76-78=307||+19||95|
|Paul Runyan||United States||76-77-79-75=307|
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
|Eagle||Birdie||Bogey||Double bogey||Triple bogey+|
- Bell, Jack (June 7, 1935). "Tricky Oakmont links baffles golfers in Open". Miami News. p. 12.
- "Oakmont course par and yardage". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 6, 1935. p. 18.
- "Here's how prize money was dealt in National Open". Chicago Sunday Tribune. June 9, 1935. p. 7, part 2.
- Taggart, Bert P. (June 6, 1935). "Open field set to tee off at Oakmont today". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 9, 1935). "Parks takes U.S. Open golf title with 299". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 1, sec. 2.
- Rice, Grantland (June 9, 1935). "Unknown Sam Parks wins National Open tourney". Miami News. p. 10.
- "$5,000 in prizes to Open winners". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 10, 1935. p. 17.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 8, 1935). "Thomson's 146 tops National Open golf". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 21.
- "Parks, 26-year-old Pittsburgher, new U.S. Open champion". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 10, 1935. p. 15.
- Huhn, Joe (June 6, 1932). "Sam Parks, Ted Luther lead at Oakmont". Pittsburgh Press. p. 26.
- "National Open scores". Chicago Sunday Tribune. June 9, 1935. p. 7, part 2.
- "E. S. Stimpson '27 elected to lead Crimson golf team". Harvard Crimson. (Cambridge, Massachusetts). November 28, 1925. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Dvorchak, Robert (June 13, 2007). "Reading the greens". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. E-6.
- "Edward S. Stimpson". New York Times. UPI. March 28, 1985. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- McCabe, Jim (June 15, 2016). "The real history of Edward Stimpson's special gift: The Stimpmeter". Golfweek. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- "Sarazen first choice as Open begins today". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 6, 1935. p. 19.
- "National Open scores". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 8, 1935. p. 23.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 7, 1935). "Krueger shoots 71 to lead National Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 25.
- "Winner's cards". Chicago Sunday Tribune. June 9, 1935. p. 7, sec. 2.
- "How Parks won". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 10, 1935. p. 16.