1935 in rail transport
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1935.
- January 2 – Chicago and North Western Railway begins 400 passenger train service between Chicago, Illinois, and Saint Paul, Minnesota; it was so named because the 400 mile trip was intended to take 400 minutes, though that pace wasn't quite reached until a few months later. Still, it was believed to be the fastest train in the world over a distance greater than 177 miles (285 km).
- January 28 – To mark completion of the electric line from Washington, D.C to New York City, the Pennsylvania Railroad runs a special train pulled by PRR GG1 4800, the electric locomotive making a round trip from D.C. to Philadelphia setting a speed record on the return run of 1 hour 50 minutes. The line, with the GG1 locomotives, begins regular revenue service on February 10.
- January 31 – Union Pacific Railroad's M-10000 enters service as the City of Salina between Salina, Kansas, and Kansas City. The 116 seat train carries an average 280 passengers per round trip.
- February – Electro-Motive Corporation produces the new company's first Winton-engined diesel locomotives.
- March 24 – Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey, opens.
- March 27 – Electro-Motive Corporation breaks ground in McCook, Illinois, for their new locomotive factory.
- March 30 – The first section of the Itō Line, connecting Atami and Ajiro in Japan, is opened.
- March 31 – The Glasgow Subway in Scotland is converted from a cable car system to a third-rail electric system (inner circle; outer circle completed December 5).
- April 1 – The Flying Yankee trainset enters service on the Boston & Maine and Maine Central railroads between Portland, Maine, Boston, Massachusetts, and Bangor, Maine.
- April 21 – The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad's Twin Zephyrs enter revenue service between Chicago, Illinois, and the Twin Cities.
- May 15 – The first line of the Moscow Metro is opened to the public at 7 am. The line is 11 km long, and includes 13 stations. It connects Sokolniki to Park Kultury with a branch from Okhotny Ryad to Smolenskaya.
- May 29 – The Milwaukee Road inaugurates Hiawatha passenger train service between Chicago, Illinois, and St. Paul, Minnesota.
- June 5 – The New Haven Railroad introduces its double-ended Comet passenger train between Boston, Massachusetts, and Providence, Rhode Island.
- June 6 – Union Pacific’s M-10001 enters Chicago, Illinois to Rose City service as the “Streamlined City of Portland”. The 2,272-mile route was covered in 39.75 hours, 18 hours faster than the previous best time.
- June 22 – Kerr's Miniature Railway opens at Arbroath. It will become the oldest public miniature railway in Scotland.
- June 29 – The last scheduled train runs on the Maine narrow gauge Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad.
- July 1 – The New York Central Lines (subsidiary companies) are renamed the New York Central System.
- July 24 – First permanent children's railway is opened in Tbilisi, USSR.
- July 29 – Two ACF built, Otto Kuhler styled "Rebels" are put in service on the Gulf, Mobile and Northern Railroad, ending steam powered passenger service on that road.
- August 18 – In a meeting aboard a chartered train on the Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Electric Railway, officials of the Lancaster Railway and Locomotive Historical Society of Pennsylvania and the Interstate Trolley Club of Trenton, New Jersey, frame the basis of the National Railway Historical Society as a merger of the two constituent organizations.
- August 22 – Diesel locomotives begin to replace steam locomotives on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's long-distance passenger trains.
- August 28 – The United States Congress passes the Public Utility Holding Company Act. Heralded as a consumer protection milestone, it also separates transit companies from the deep pockets of their parent electric utilities. This becomes one of the nails in the coffin of streetcar and interurban railroads in the United States.
- August 29 – Railroad Retirement Board established in United States to administer pension benefits for railroad employees.
- August 30 – The Santa Fe Railroad takes delivery of its first mainline diesel locomotives.
- September – The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 destroys much of the Florida East Coast Railway's Key West extension; an evacuation train from the island was on the bridges linking the keys with the Florida mainland at the time the storm hit and 259 lives were lost.
- September 29
- September 30 – The London and North Eastern Railway begins to run the Silver Jubilee train between London King's Cross and Newcastle upon Tyne, Britain's first streamliner, using Nigel Gresley's A4 Class locomotives.
Unknown date events
- The Milwaukee Road enters bankruptcy.
- The Goodyear-Zeppelin Company completes construction on the Comet streamlined passenger trainset for the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad.
- The National Model Railroad Association is founded in the United States.
- September 20 – William W. Atterbury, president of the Pennsylvania Railroad 1925–1935 (born 1866).
- December – Mantis James Van Sweringen, American financier who, with his brother Oris, controlled the Nickel Plate Road and other eastern United States railroads (born 1881).
- Rivanna Chapter, National Railway Historical Society, (2005), This Month in Railroad History – August. Retrieved August 22, 2005.
- Rivanna Chapter, National Railway Historical Society (2005), This Month in Railroad History: May. Retrieved May 27, 2005.
- Wayner, Robert J., ed. (1972). Car Names, Numbers and Consists. New York: Wayner Publications. OCLC 8848690.
- White, John H. Jr. (Spring 1986). "America's most noteworthy railroaders". Railroad History. 154: 9–15. ISSN 0090-7847. OCLC 1785797.
- Scribbins, Jim (2008) . The 400 Story. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816654499. OCLC 191760067.
- Bezilla, Michael (1980). Electric Traction on the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1895–1968. University park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-271-00241-5.
- Washington D.C. Chapter of the National Railway Historical Society. "Washington, D.C. Railroad History: Railroad History Timeline". Archived from the original on June 23, 2007. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
- Rivanna Chapter, National Railway Historical Society (January 15, 2006). "This Month in Railroad History: January". Retrieved January 28, 2010.
- Wright, John; Maclean, Ian (1997). Circles Under the Clyde – a history of the Glasgow Underground. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-190-3.
- "History of Moscow Metro". Archived from the original on 15 January 2009. Retrieved 19 February 2009.
- http://www.metro.ru/map/1935/metro.ru-1935map-big1.jpg Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Little, Lawson (2000). Kerr's Miniature Railway: Scotland's oldest small-scale line. Narrow Gauge Railway Society. ISBN 978-0-9507169-9-2.
- Crittenden, H. Temple (1966). The Maine Scenic Route. McClain Printing Company. p. 189.
- National Railway Historical Society (2003). "About the NRHS". Retrieved August 16, 2005.
- The Political Graveyard (March 10, 2005), Politicians in Railroading in Indiana. Retrieved December 30, 2005.
- Atterbury-Bakalar Air Museum (2000). "General Atterbury". Archived from the original on 9 March 2005. Retrieved February 21, 2005.