1936 in literature

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List of years in literature (table)

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1936.

Events[edit]

The olive tree near Alfacar where Federico García Lorca is executed on August 19[1]
  • January 8 – Jewish booksellers throughout Nazi Germany are ordered to turn in their Reich Publications Chamber membership cards, without which no one is permitted to sell books.[2]
  • May – Greek poet and Communist activist Yiannis Ritsos is inspired to write his landmark poem Epitaphios by a photograph of a dead protester during a massive tobacco-workers demonstration in Thessaloniki; it is published soon afterwards. In August, the right-wing dictatorship of Ioannis Metaxas comes to power in Greece and copies are burned publicly at the foot of the Acropolis in Athens.[3]
  • August 18 – The 38-year-old Spanish dramatist, Federico García Lorca, is arrested by Francoist militia during the White Terror and is never seen alive again. His brother-in-law, Manuel Fernández-Montesinos, the leftist mayor of Granada, is shot the same day.[4][5] Lorca's play The House of Bernarda Alba (La casa de Bernarda Alba), completed on June 19, will not be performed until 1945.
  • November 6 – Following its United States publication in 1934, the United Kingdom authorities decide they will not prosecute or seize copies of James Joyce's 1922 novel Ulysses.[6]
  • November 23 – Life magazine begins publication as a weekly news magazine in the United States under the management of Henry Luce.
  • Scottish-born university teacher of English literature J. I. M. Stewart writing as Michael Innes publishes his first (lighthearted) crime novel Death at the President's Lodging, set in Oxford and introducing his long-running character Detective Inspector John Appleby of Scotland Yard.[7]
  • The Carnegie Medal for excellence in children's literature is established by the Library Association in the United Kingdom. The first winner is Arthur Ransome for Pigeon Post.

New books[edit]

Fiction[edit]

Children and young people[edit]

Drama[edit]

Poetry[edit]

Non-fiction[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Awards[edit]

In fiction[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gibson, Ian (1992). Lorca's Granada. ISBN 0-571-16489-7.
  2. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (1936-01-09). "Beef Shortage Drives Germany to Frozen Meat". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 13.
  3. ^ Baker, Kenneth (2016). On the Burning of Books. London: Unicorn. pp. 66–8. ISBN 978-1-910787-11-3.
  4. ^ Gibson, Ian (1983). The Assassination of Federico García Lorca. London: Penguin Books. p. 164.
  5. ^ Gibson, Ian (1996). El assasinato de García Lorca (in Spanish). Barcelona: Plaza & Janes. p. 255. ISBN 978-84-663-1314-8.
  6. ^ Birmingham, Kevin (2014). The most dangerous book: the battle for James Joyce's Ulysses. London: Head of Zeus. ISBN 9781784080723.
  7. ^ a b Keating, H. R. F. (1982). Whodunit? – a guide to crime, suspense and spy fiction. London: Windward. ISBN 0-7112-0249-4.
  8. ^ Sutherland, John (2007). Bestsellers: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-19-921489-1.
  9. ^ a b c Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
  10. ^ Haycock, David Boyd (2012). I Am Spain. Brecon. pp. 143–44.