1937 Giro d'Italia

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1937 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates 8 – 30 May
Stages 19, including four split stages
Distance 3,840 km (2,386 mi)
Winning time 112h 49' 28"
Palmares
Winner  Gino Bartali (ITA) (Legnano)
Second  Giovanni Valetti (ITA) (Fréjus)
Third  Enrico Mollo (ITA) (Fréjus)

Mountains  Gino Bartali (ITA) (Legnano)
Team Fréjus
1936
1938

The 1937 Giro d'Italia was the 25th edition of the Giro d'Italia, a cycling race organized and sponsored by the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport. The race began on 8 May in Milan with a stage that stretched 165 km (103 mi) to Turin, finishing back in Milan on 30 May after a split stage and a total distance covered of 3,840 km (2,386 mi). The race was won by the Italian rider Gino Bartali of the Legnano team, with fellow Italians Giovanni Valetti and Enrico Mollo coming in second and third respectively.

Participants[edit]

Of the 98 riders that began the Giro d'Italia on 8 May,[1] 41 of them made it to the finish in Milan on 30 May.[2] Riders were allowed to ride on their own or as a member of a team or group; 65riders competed as part of a team, while the remaining 33 competed independently.[1] The four teams that partook in the race were: Bianchi, Fréjus, Ganna, and Legnano.[1][2] Each team was composed of seven riders.[1] There were also seven groups, made up of five riders each, that participated in the race.[1] Those groups were: Italiani All'Estero, Bertoldo, Il Littoriale, S S. Parioli, Belgi, Svizzeri, and Tedeschi.[1]

The peloton was composed primarily of Italian riders.[2] The field featured four former Giro d'Italia winners with the 1931 race winner Francesco Camusso, 1934 winner Learco Guerra, Vasco Bergamaschi who won the race in 1935, and returning champion Gino Bartali.[1][2] Other notable Italian riders included Olimpio Bizzi, Giovanni Valetti, and Giuseppe Olmo.[1][2] Notable foreign entrants were the Belgian riders Alfons Deloor, Alfons Schepers, and Antoine Dignef, and also the Swiss rider Leo Amberg who placed high at the 1936 Tour de France.[1][2]

Route and stages[edit]

Stage results[2]
Stage Date Course Distance Type[Notes 1] Winner
1 8 May Milan to Turin 165 km (103 mi) Plain stage  Nello Troggi (ITA)
2 9 May Torino to Acqui Terme 148 km (92 mi) Plain stage  Quirico Bernacchi (ITA)
3 10 May Acqui Terme to Genoa 158 km (98 mi) Plain stage  Giovanni Valetti (ITA)
4 11 May Genoa to Viareggio 186 km (116 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Olimpio Bizzi (ITA)
5a 12 May Viareggio to Marina di Massa 60 km (37 mi) Time Trial.svg Team time trial Legnano
5b Marina di Massa to Livorno 114 km (71 mi) Plain stage  Olimpio Bizzi (ITA)
13 May Rest day
6 14 May Livorno to Arezzo 190 km (118 mi) Plain stage  Giuseppe Olmo (ITA)
7 15 May Arezzo to Rieti 206 km (128 mi) Plain stage  Marco Cimatti (ITA)
8a 16 May Rieti to Monte Terminillo 20 km (12 mi) Time Trial.svg Individual time trial  Gino Bartali (ITA)
8b Rieti to Rome 152 km (94 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Raffaele Di Paco (ITA)
9 17 May Rome to Naples 250 km (155 mi) Plain stage  Learco Guerra (ITA)
18 May Rest day
10 19 May Naples to Foggia 166 km (103 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Gino Bartali (ITA)
11a 20 May Foggia to San Severo 186 km (116 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Walter Generati (ITA)
11b San Severo to Campobasso 105 km (65 mi) Plain stage  Cesare Del Cancia (ITA)
12 21 May Campobasso to Pescara 258 km (160 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Marco Cimatti (ITA)
13 22 May Pescara to Ancona 194 km (121 mi) Plain stage  Aldo Bini (ITA)
14 23 May Ancona to Forlì 178 km (111 mi) Plain stage  Aldo Bini (ITA)
24 May Rest day
15 25 May Forlì to Vittorio Veneto 266 km (165 mi) Plain stage  Glauco Servadei (ITA)
16 26 May Vittorio Veneto to Merano 227 km (141 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Gino Bartali (ITA)
17 27 May Merano to Gardone Riviera 190 km (118 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Gino Bartali (ITA)
28 May Rest day
18 29 May Gardone Riviera to San Pellegrino Terme 129 km (80 mi) Plain stage  Glauco Servadei (ITA)
19a 30 May San Pellegrino Terme to Como 151 km (94 mi) Plain stage  Marco Cimatti (ITA)
19b Como to Milan 141 km (88 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Aldo Bini (ITA)
Total 3,840 km (2,386 mi)

Classification leadership[edit]

The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.[3]

In the mountains classification, the race organizers selected different mountains that the route crossed and awarded points to the riders who crossed them first.[3]

The winner of the team classification was determined by adding the finish times of the best three cyclists per team together and the team with the lowest total time was the winner.[2][4] If a team had fewer than three riders finish, they were not eligible for the classification.[4] The group classification was decided in the same manner, but the classification was exclusive to the competing groups.[4]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Stage Winner General classification
Mountains classification Team classification Group classification
1 Nello Troggi Nello Troggi not awarded Fréjus  ?
2 Quirico Bernacchi Quirico Bernacchi
3 Giovanni Valetti Giovanni Valetti
4 Olimpio Bizzi Enrico Mollo
5a Legnano Gino Bartali
5b Olimpio Bizzi Giovanni Valetti
6 Giuseppe Olmo Bertoldo
7 Marco Cimatti
8a Gino Bartali Gino Bartali Enrico Mollo & Gino Bartali
8b Raffaele Di Paco Enrico Mollo
9 Learco Guerra
10 Gino Bartali Gino Bartali
11a Walter Generati
11b Cesare Del Cancia
12 Marco Cimatti Enrico Mollo & Luigi Barral
13 Aldo Bini
14 Aldo Bini Il Littoriale
15 Glauco Servadei
16 Gino Bartali Enrico Mollo & Gino Bartali
17 Gino Bartali Gino Bartali
18 Glauco Servadei
19a Marco Cimatti
19b Aldo Bini
Final Gino Bartali Gino Bartali Fréjus Il Littoriale

Final standings[edit]

Legend
  A pink jersey   Denotes the winner of the General classification

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2][4]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Gino Bartali (ITA) Pink jersey Legnano 122h 25' 40"
2  Giovanni Valetti (ITA) Fréjus + 8' 18"
3  Enrico Mollo (ITA) Fréjus + 17' 38"
4  Severino Canavesi (ITA) Ganna + 21' 38"
5  Cesare Del Cancia (ITA) Ganna + 23' 18"
6  Walter Generati (ITA) Fréjus + 27' 28"
7  Edoardo Molinar (ITA) + 30' 31"
8  Bernardo Rogora (ITA) + 32' 07"
9  Ambrogio Morelli (ITA) Italiani all'Estero + 48' 22"
10  Adriano Vignoli (ITA) + 55' 19"

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–9)[2][4]
Name Team Points
1  Gino Bartali (ITA) Legnano 37
2  Enrico Mollo (ITA) Pink jersey Fréjus 35
3  Luigi Barral (ITA) Bertoldo 22
4  Ezio Checchi (ITA) 9
5  Adalino Mealli (ITA) Legnano 8
6  Walter Generati (ITA) Fréjus 6
 Giovanni Valetti (ITA) Fréjus
8  Marco Cimatti (ITA) Italiani all'Estero 5
9  Cesare Del Gancia (ITA) Ganna 3
 Edoardo Molinar (ITA)

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–3)[2][4]
Team Time
1 Fréjus 367h 50' 24"
2 Ganna + 1h 24' 24"
3 Legnano-Wolsit + 2h 24' 58"

Group classification[edit]

Final group classification (1–4)[4]
Team Time
1 Il Littoriale 370h 58' 04"
2 Italiani all'estero + 21' 27"
3 Bertoldo + 1h 05' 37"
4 Stranieri + 4h 10' 09"

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ In 1937, there was no distinction in the rules between plain stages and mountain stages; the icons shown here indicate that the stages 4, 8b, 10, 11a, 12, 16, 17, and 19b included major mountains. The stage 8a individual time trial also contained a summit finish.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "L'elenco dei concorrenti" [The list of competitors]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). 8 May 1937. p. 4. Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bill and Carol McGann. "1937 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  3. ^ a b Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Il XXV Giro d'Italia si è chiuso con eccellente successo" [The 25th Giro d'Italia Ended With Great Success]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). Milan, Italy. 31 May 1937. p. 4. Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.