1938 Estonian parliamentary election

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1938 Estonian parliamentary election

← 1932 24 February 1938 1940 →

80 seats in the Riigikogu
51 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
Party PER Independents
Last election 64 seats
Seats won 42 16
Seat change Increase 64
Popular vote 256,213 189,929
Percentage 57.43% 42.57%

Parliamentary elections were held in Estonia on 24 and 25 February 1938.[1] The National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution won 64 of the 80 seats.[2] In turn, the Front was essentially an enlarged version of the pro-government Patriotic League.[3]

Of the 16 independents elected, six were members of the Democracy Group (composed of two former members of the National Centre Party, two Settlers and two of the Veterans' League), six of the Unity Group of Working People (composed of four leftist Socialists and two rightist Socialists), two were Independent Workers and two were members of the Russian Group.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

Following the promulgation of a new constitution the voting age was raised to 22 years and only those who had been citizens for three years could vote, whilst minimum age for candidates was raised from 20 to 25.[5]


National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution256,21357.4364
Registered voters/turnout640,000
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p574 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p587
  3. ^ Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p380 ISBN 0-313-23804-9
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p587
  5. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p569