1938 U.S. Open (golf)

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1938 U.S. Open
Tournament information
Dates June 9–11, 1938
Location Englewood, Colorado
Course(s) Cherry Hills Country Club
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
Format Stroke play − 72 holes
Statistics
Par 71
Length 6,888 yards (6,298 m)[1]
Field 160 players, 60 after cut
Cut 155 (+13)
Prize fund $6,000[2]
Winner's share $1,000
Champion
United States Ralph Guldahl
284 (E)
Cherry Hills Country Club is located in the US
Cherry Hills Country Club
Cherry Hills Country Club
Location in the United States

The 1938 U.S. Open was the 42nd U.S. Open, held June 9–11 at Cherry Hills Country Club in Englewood, Colorado, a suburb south of Denver. Defending champion Ralph Guldahl won his second straight U.S. Open title, six strokes ahead of runner-up Dick Metz.[3][4] It was the second of Guldahl's three major titles.

Metz owned a four-stroke lead over Guldahl after Saturday morning's third round, but Metz struggled in the afternoon and shot a 79 (+8) to finish at 290 (+6). Guldahl began his round with two birdies in his first six holes on his way to a 69 (−2) and an even-par 284 total, six strokes ahead of Metz.[5] His six-shot victory was the largest since Jim Barnes won by nine strokes in 1921. Guldahl became the fourth player to successfully defend at the U.S. Open, joining Willie Anderson, John McDermott, and Bobby Jones. There have only been two since: Ben Hogan in 1951 and Curtis Strange in 1989.

In the second round, Ray Ainsley set a dubious record by shooting a 19 on the par-4 16th hole.[2] Ainsley's ball landed in a creek, and instead of taking a drop he continued to play the ball out. He shot 96 (+25) for the round and missed the cut.

This was the first U.S. Open played in the western United States. The U.S. Open returned in 1960 and 1978, and the PGA Championship was played here in 1941 and 1985. The average elevation of the course exceeds 5,300 feet (1,620 m) above sea level.

This was the first U.S. Open in which the players were limited to a maximum of 14 clubs; the USGA rule (4-4) went into effect in January 1938.[6][7] Guldahl won the title the previous year with 19 clubs in his bag.[8]

Past champions in the field[edit]

Made the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Ralph Guldahl  United States 1937 74 70 71 69 284 E 1
Gene Sarazen  United States 1922, 1932 74 74 75 73 296 +12 10
Olin Dutra  United States 1934 74 71 77 77 299 +15 T16
Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
1927 78 71 74 80 303 +19 23
Willie Macfarlane  Scotland 1925 79 73 78 78 308 +24 T32
Tony Manero  United States 1936 74 80 81 78 313 +29 48
Billy Burke  United States 1931 75 79 78 WD

Source:[9][10]

Missed the cut[edit]

Player Country Year won R1 R2 Total To par
Sam Parks, Jr.  United States 1935 85 77 162 +20

Source:[9]

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Thursday, June 9, 1938

Place Player Country Score To par
T1 Jimmy Hines  United States 70 −1
Henry Picard  United States
3 John Rogers  United States 71 E
4 Emery Zimmerman  United States 72 +1
T5 Dick Metz  United States 73 +2
Willie Hunter  Scotland
 United States
T7 Ted Adams (a)  United States 74 +3
Dick Chapman (a)  United States
Olin Dutra  United States
Alex Follmer  United States
Jim Foulis  United States
Ralph Guldahl  United States
Alvin Krueger  United States
Levi Lynch  United States
Tony Manero  United States
Johnny Revolta  United States
Gene Sarazen  United States
Wilford Wehrle (a)  United States

Source:[11]

Second round[edit]

Friday, June 10, 1938

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Henry Picard  United States 70-70=140 −2
2 Dick Metz  United States 73-68=141 −1
T3 Jug McSpaden  United States 76-67=143 +1
Emery Zimmerman  United States 72-71=143
5 Ralph Guldahl  United States 74-70=144 +2
T6 Harry Cooper  England
 United States
76-69=145 +3
Olin Dutra  United States 74-71=145
Jimmy Hines  United States 70-75=145
Willie Hunter  Scotland
 United States
73-72=145
10 Johnny Revolta  United States 74-72=146 +4

Source:[12]

Third round[edit]

Saturday, June 11, 1938 (morning)

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Dick Metz  United States 73-68-70=211 −2
2 Jimmy Hines  United States 70-75-69=214 +1
3 Ralph Guldahl  United States 74-70-71=215 +2
4 Emery Zimmerman  United States 72-71-73=216 +3
T5 Jug McSpaden  United States 76-67-74=217 +4
Henry Picard  United States 70-70-77=217
T7 John Rogers  United States 71-76-73=220 +7
Denny Shute  United States 77-71-72=220
T9 Harry Cooper  England
 United States
76-69-76=221 +8
George Von Elm  United States 78-72-71=221

Source:[9]

Final round[edit]

Saturday, June 11, 1938 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Ralph Guldahl  United States 74-70-71-69=284 E 1,000
2 Dick Metz  United States 73-68-70-79=290 +6 800
T3 Harry Cooper  England
 United States
76-69-76-71=292 +8 650
Toney Penna  Italy
 United States
78-72-74-68=292
T5 Byron Nelson  United States 77-71-74-72=294 +10 412
Emery Zimmerman  United States 72-71-73-78=294
T7 Frank Moore  United States 79-73-72-71=295 +11 216
Henry Picard  United States 70-70-77-78=295
Paul Runyan  United States 78-71-72-74=295
10 Gene Sarazen  United States 74-74-75-73=296 +12 106

Source:[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kilgallen, James L. (June 9, 1938). "Golfers start Cherry Hills rounds today". Miami Daily News. INS. p. 1-B. 
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Open history: 1938". USGA. Retrieved June 27, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Guldahl retains U.S. Open golf crown". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 13, 1938. p. 14. 
  4. ^ Petrie, Kerr N. (June 12, 1938). "Metz second by six shots to Ralph's 284". Miami Daily News. (New York Herald Tribune). p. 1-C. 
  5. ^ McLemore, Henry (June 12, 1938). "Ralph Guldahl retains national open golf championship". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). United Press. p. 10. 
  6. ^ "Golfers limited to 14 clubs in competition". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). United Press. January 1, 1937. p. 14. 
  7. ^ "Tournament golfers limited to 14 clubs". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. January 1, 1937. p. 7. 
  8. ^ "Uses 19 clubs". Milwaukee Journal. June 13, 1937. p. 1, sports. 
  9. ^ a b c d Bartlett, Charles (June 11, 1938). "Picard leads National Open; scores 140". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 17. 
  10. ^ Bartlett, Charles (June 12, 1938). "Guldahl's 284 wins National Open title". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 1, part 2. 
  11. ^ Bartlett, Charles (June 10, 1938). "Picard and Hines tie for National Open golf lead". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 25. 
  12. ^ Bartlett, Charles (June 11, 1938). "Picard leads National Open; scores 140". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 17. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°38′35″N 104°57′47″W / 39.643°N 104.963°W / 39.643; -104.963