1938 in Mandatory Palestine

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1938 in the British Mandate of Palestine

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1937
1936
1935


Flag of the United Kingdom.svg

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1939
1940
1941

See also:

1938 in the United Kingdom
Other events of 1938

Events in the year 1938 in the British Mandate of Palestine.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

Kibbutz Hanita, built in the Tower and stockade settlement method, 1938
  • 4 January - The British government appoints the Woodhead Commission to explore the practicalities of the partition of Palestine.
  • 10 January - James Leslie Starkey, a noted British archaeologist of the ancient Near East and Palestine who leads the first excavations in Tel Lachish, is killed by a gang of armed Arabs near Bayt Jibrin on a track leading from Bayt Jibrin to Hebron.
  • 23 February - The Port of Tel Aviv officially opens, as a competing (Jewish) port to the port in Jaffa, the latter having been crippled by the Arab revolt and general strike since 1936.
  • 1 March – Sir Harold MacMichael assumes office as the High Commissioner of Palestine.
  • 21 March - The founding of the kibbutz Hanita
  • 13 April - The founding of the moshav Shavei Tzion as part of the tower and stockade settlement scheme.
  • 26 June - The founding of the kibbutz Alonim
  • 29 June - Shlomo Ben-Yosef executed for ambushing an Arab bus near Safad.[1]
  • 6 July - 18 Arabs and 5 Jews were killed by two simultaneous bombs in the Arab melon market in Haifa, 79 people were wounded.[2]
  • 16 July - 10 Arabs were killed and 29 wounded by a bomb at a marketplace in Jerusalem.[2]
  • 17 July - The founding of the kibbutz Ma'ale HaHamisha
  • 25 July - The founding of the kibbutz Tel Yitzhak
  • 25 July - 39 Arabs were killed and over 60 wounded by a second bomb in the Haifa vegetable market.[2]
  • 16 August - Former Jewish policeman Mordechai Schwarcz executed for the murder of an Arab policeman
  • 17 August - The founding of the moshav Beit Yehoshua
  • 25 August - The founding of the kibbutz Ein HaMifratz
  • 26 August - 24 Arabs were killed and 39 wounded by a bomb in the Jaffa vegetable market.[3]
  • 30 August - The founding of the kibbutz Ma'ayan Tzvi
  • 2 October - 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine: In the 1938 Tiberias massacre, Arab rioters kill 19 Jews in the city of Tiberias, eleven of whom are children.[4] During the massacre, 70 armed Arabs set fire to Jewish homes and the local synagogue.
  • 12 October - The British Government announces sending a further four battalions to Palestine.[5]
  • 18 October - British army troops regain control of the old city of Jerusalem, which is occupied by Arab extremists in early October.
  • 9 November - A technical British committee, known as the Woodhead Commission, rejected the Peel Commission partition plan mostly on the grounds that it could not be achieved without a large forced transfer of Arabs.[6] It proposed "a modification of partition which, ...seems, subject to certain reservations, to form a satisfactory basis of settlement", if the U.K is prepared to provide a "sufficient assistance to enable the Arab State to balance its budget".[6]
  • 16 November - The founding of the moshav Sharona
  • 17 November - The founding of the moshav Geulim
  • 24 November - The founding of the kibbutz Eilon
  • 25 November - The founding of the kibbutz Neve Eitan
  • 25 November - The founding of the kibbutz Kfar Ruppin
  • 29 November - The founding of the kibbutz Kfar Masaryk
  • 22 December - The founding of the kibbutz Mesilot

Unknown dates[edit]

Notable births[edit]

Notable deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marlowe, John (1946) Rebellion in Palestine. The Cresset Press, London. pp. 198,199.
  2. ^ a b c Marlowe. p.200
  3. ^ Marlowe. p.201
  4. ^ League of Nations Archives
  5. ^ Marlowe. p.203
  6. ^ a b "Woodhead commission report".