1938 in Mandatory Palestine
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|1938 in the British Mandate of Palestine|
Events in the year 1938 in the British Mandate of Palestine.
- High Commissioner - Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope until 1 March; Sir Harold MacMichael
- Emir of Transjordan - Abdullah I bin al-Hussein
- Prime Minister of Transjordan - Ibrahim Hashem until 28 September; Tawfik Abu al-Huda
- 4 January - The British government appoints the Woodhead Commission to explore the practicalities of the partition of Palestine.
- 10 January - James Leslie Starkey, a noted British archaeologist of the ancient Near East and Palestine who leads the first excavations in Tel Lachish, is killed by a gang of armed Arabs near Bayt Jibrin on a track leading from Bayt Jibrin to Hebron.
- 23 February - The Port of Tel Aviv officially opens, as a competing (Jewish) port to the port in Jaffa, the latter having been crippled by the Arab revolt and general strike since 1936.
- 1 March – Sir Harold MacMichael assumes office as the High Commissioner of Palestine.
- 21 March - The founding of the kibbutz Hanita
- 13 April - The founding of the moshav Shavei Tzion as part of the tower and stockade settlement scheme.
- 26 June - The founding of the kibbutz Alonim
- 29 June - Shlomo Ben-Yosef executed for ambushing an Arab bus near Safad.
- 6 July - 18 Arabs and 5 Jews were killed by two simultaneous bombs in the Arab melon market in Haifa, 79 people were wounded.
- 16 July - 10 Arabs were killed and 29 wounded by a bomb at a marketplace in Jerusalem.
- 17 July - The founding of the kibbutz Ma'ale HaHamisha
- 25 July - The founding of the kibbutz Tel Yitzhak
- 25 July - 39 Arabs were killed and over 60 wounded by a second bomb in the Haifa vegetable market.
- 16 August - Former Jewish policeman Mordechai Schwarcz executed for the murder of an Arab policeman
- 17 August - The founding of the moshav Beit Yehoshua
- 25 August - The founding of the kibbutz Ein HaMifratz
- 26 August - 24 Arabs were killed and 39 wounded by a bomb in the Jaffa vegetable market.
- 30 August - The founding of the kibbutz Ma'ayan Tzvi
- 2 October - 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine: In the 1938 Tiberias massacre, Arab rioters kill 19 Jews in the city of Tiberias, eleven of whom are children. During the massacre, 70 armed Arabs set fire to Jewish homes and the local synagogue.
- 12 October - The British Government announces sending a further four battalions to Palestine.
- 18 October - British army troops regain control of the old city of Jerusalem, which is occupied by Arab extremists in early October.
- 9 November - A technical British committee, known as the Woodhead Commission, rejected the Peel Commission partition plan mostly on the grounds that it could not be achieved without a large forced transfer of Arabs. It proposed "a modification of partition which, ...seems, subject to certain reservations, to form a satisfactory basis of settlement", if the U.K is prepared to provide a "sufficient assistance to enable the Arab State to balance its budget".
- 16 November - The founding of the moshav Sharona
- 17 November - The founding of the moshav Geulim
- 24 November - The founding of the kibbutz Eilon
- 25 November - The founding of the kibbutz Neve Eitan
- 25 November - The founding of the kibbutz Kfar Ruppin
- 29 November - The founding of the kibbutz Kfar Masaryk
- 22 December - The founding of the kibbutz Mesilot
- 13 January - Yehoshua Porath, Israeli historian
- 30 January - Yoram Tsafrir, Israeli archaeologist (died 2015)
- 13 March - Dan Margalit, Israeli journalist
- 3 April - Boaz Moav, Israeli politician, academic, and activist (died 2002)
- 14 April - Rivka Michaeli, Israeli actress
- 14 July - Moshe Safdie, Israeli-American architect and urban designer
- 3 August - Moshe Maya, Israeli rabbi and politician
- 29 August - Amnon Reshef, Israeli general
- 29 August - Ofer Bar-Yosef, Israeli archaeologist and anthropologist
- 3 October - Dan Bar-On, Israeli psychologist (died 2008)
- 29 October - Ralph Bakshi, Israeli-American director of animated and live-action films
- 4 December - Nava Arad, Israeli politician
- Full date unknown
- Amos Meller, Israeli composer and conducter (died 2007)
- Dan Meyerstein, Israeli chemist
- Salman Abu-Sitta, Palestinian Arab researcher
- Naji al-Ali, Palestinian Arab cartoonist (died 1987)
- Ahmed Jibril, Palestinian Arab, founder and leader of the militant group PFLP-GC
- Abu Ali Mustafa, Palestinian Arab, member of the PLO executive (died 2001)
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