1939

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This article is about the year 1939. For the 1989 film, see 1939 (1989 film). For the 2009 film, see Glorious 39.
1939
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1900s · 1910s · 1920s · 1930s · 1940s · 1950s · 1960s
Years: 1936 · 1937 · 1938 · 1939 · 1940 · 1941 · 1942
1939 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1939 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1939
MCMXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2692
Armenian calendar 1388
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԸ
Assyrian calendar 6689
Bahá'í calendar 95–96
Bengali calendar 1346
Berber calendar 2889
British Regnal year Geo. 6 – 4 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2483
Burmese calendar 1301
Byzantine calendar 7447–7448
Chinese calendar 戊寅(Earth Tiger)
4635 or 4575
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4636 or 4576
Coptic calendar 1655–1656
Discordian calendar 3105
Ethiopian calendar 1931–1932
Hebrew calendar 5699–5700
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1995–1996
 - Shaka Samvat 1860–1861
 - Kali Yuga 5039–5040
Holocene calendar 11939
Igbo calendar 939–940
Iranian calendar 1317–1318
Islamic calendar 1357–1358
Japanese calendar Shōwa 14
(昭和14年)
Javanese calendar 1869–1870
Juche calendar 28
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4272
Minguo calendar ROC 28
民國28年
Nanakshahi calendar 471
Thai solar calendar 2481–2482
The year 1939

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

Events[edit]

Below, events of World War II have the WWII prefix.

January[edit]

  • January 5Amelia Earhart is officially declared dead after her disappearance.
  • January 6Naturwissenschaften publishes evidence that nuclear fission has been achieved by Otto Hahn.
  • January 13Black Friday: 71 people die across Victoria in one of Australia's worst ever bushfires.
  • January 23 – "Dutch War Scare": Admiral Wilhelm Canaris of the Abwehr leaks misinformation to the effect that Germany plans to invade the Netherlands in February, with the aim of using Dutch air-fields to launch a strategic bombing offensive against Britain. The "Dutch War Scare" leads to a major change in British policies towards Europe.
  • January 24 – An earthquake kills 30,000 in Chile, and razes about 50,000 sq mi (130,000 km2).
  • January 25Refik Saydam forms the new government of Turkey. (11th government)
  • January 26
    • Spanish Civil War: Spanish Nationalist troops, aided by Italy, take Barcelona.
    • In Paris, French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet, in response to rumours (which are true) that he is seeking to end the French alliance system in Eastern Europe, gives a speech highlighting his government's commitment to the cordon sanitaire.
  • January 27Adolf Hitler orders Plan Z, a 5-year naval expansion programme intended to provide for a huge German fleet capable of crushing the Royal Navy by 1944. The Kriegsmarine is given the first priority on the allotment of German economic resources.
  • January 30 – Hitler gives a speech before the Reichstag calling for an "export battle" to increase German foreign exchange holdings. The same speech also sees Hitler's "prophecy" where he warns that if "Jewish financers" start a war against Germany, the...result will be the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe".

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

June 24: Siam is renamed "Thailand".

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

September 1: Wieluń destroyed by Luftwaffe bombing.
Common parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest at the end of the Invasion of Poland. At the center Major General Heinz Guderian and Brigadier Semyon Krivoshein.
September: Siege of Warsaw.

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Wikipedia article: Lou Gehrig
  2. ^ "Thailand ( Siam ) History" (overview), CS Mngt, 2005, CSMngt.com webpage: CSMngt-Thai.
  3. ^ Leffingwell, Randy (1996). Classic Farm Tractors: History of the Farm Tractor. Osceola, WI, USA: Motorbooks International. p. 99. ISBN 978-0760302460. 
  4. ^ "On This Day - September 10, 1939". CBC.ca. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  5. ^ "Canada in the Second World War". Juno Beach Centre. 
  6. ^ "The Conquest of Poland and the Beginnings of Jewish Persecution". The Holocaust. Yad Vashem. Retrieved 2013-03-03. 
  7. ^ "Early Television Stations - W2XAB/W2XAX/WCBW - CBS, New York". Early Television Museum. Hilliard, OH. Retrieved 2014-11-26.