1939 Erzincan earthquake

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1939 Erzincan earthquake
1939 Erzincan earthquake is located in Turkey
1939 Erzincan earthquake
Date 11:57:23 p.m. 26 December UTC [1]
Magnitude 7.8 Mw [1]
Depth 20 km (12 mi) [1]
Epicenter 39°46′N 39°35′E / 39.77°N 39.58°E / 39.77; 39.58Coordinates: 39°46′N 39°35′E / 39.77°N 39.58°E / 39.77; 39.58 [1]
Total damage $20 million [2]
Max. intensity XII (Extreme) [3]
Tsunami .53 m (1 ft 9 in) [2]
Casualties 32,700–32,968 dead [2]
100,000 injured [2]

The 1939 Erzincan earthquake was a major natural disaster that hit Erzincan Province in eastern Turkey at 1:57:23 a.m. on 27 December local time. The sequence of seven violent shocks, the biggest one measuring magnitude 7.8, was one of the most powerful to strike Turkey.

The first stage of the earthquake killed about 8,000 people. The next day, it was reported that the death toll had risen to 20,000. An emergency relief operation began. By January 5, almost 33,000 had died due to the earthquakes and to blizzard conditions, followed by heavy rains that caused floods.[4] So extensive was the damage to Erzincan city that its old site was entirely abandoned and a new town was founded a little further to the north.

In the next few years there were three more 7+ magnitude quakes in the region.[5] Turkey soon adopted seismic building regulations.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ISC (2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900-2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre 
  2. ^ a b c d USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey 
  3. ^ National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), Significant Earthquake Database, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K 
  4. ^ Ranguelov, Boyko. "The Erzincan 1939 Earthquake" (PDF). Second Balkan Geophysical Conference and Exhibition. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Major Turkish Earthquakes of the 20th Century". Buffalo, NY: MCEER. 2010. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Reitherman, R. (2012). Earthquakes and Engineers: An International History. American Society of Civil Engineers. pp. 226–228. ISBN 978-0-7844-1071-4.