1939 International University Games (Vienna)

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An International University Games (German: Studenten-Weltspiele[1]) was held in Vienna, Austria on 20–27 August 1939,[1][2] which had originally been scheduled as the official 1939 staging of the Summer International University Games awarded to Vienna by the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE) in January 1938, prior to Austria's absorption into Nazi Germany by the Anschluss.[3][4] The National Socialist German Students' League (NSDStB) withdrew from the CIE in May 1939,[3] and the CIE at short notice moved the 1939 International University Games to Monte Carlo.

The formal opening was by Bernhard Rust, the Reich Minister of Science, Education and Culture, on 20 August in the Prater Stadium, the main venue of the games.[5][6] The NSDStB invited many nations to the Vienna games, but entrants were mostly from fascist associations in Axis powers.[3][7] The following countries were reported to have participated in the games: Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Estonia, Finland, Kingdom of Italy, Empire of Japan, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Peru, Sweden, Slovak Republic, Spanish State, Union of South Africa, Kingdom of Hungary, German Reich.[8] The International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation said in 1940, "The results of the Monaco Games were much superior to those of the Vienna Games."[9]

Athletics[edit]

Men’s events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 Metres  József Sir (HUN) 10.7  Amelio Monacci (ITA) 10.8  Matsuo Taniguchi (JPN) 10.9
200 Metres  Tullio Gonnelli (ITA) 21.8  József Sir (HUN) 21.9  Ernesto Bianchi (ITA) 22.0
400 Metres  Ottavio Missoni (ITA) 48.0  Hans Helm (GER) 48.3  Karl Rinck (GER) 48.5
800 Metres  Wolfgang Dessecker (GER) 01:53.9  Gioacchino Dorascenzi (ITA) 01:54.4  János Aradi (HUN) 01:55.3
1500 Metres  Wolfgang Dessecker (GER) 03:57.2  Sándor Rátonyi (HUN) 03:58.4  Gusztáv Harsányi (HUN) 03:59.6
5000 Metres  Rolf Fellersmann (GER) 15:10.6  András Csaplár (HUN) 15:10.8  Åke Lindstedt (SWE) 15:28.6
110 Metres Hurdles  Lennart Lundberg (SWE) 15.10  Giorgio Oberweger (ITA) 15.30  Akira Kawamura (JPN) 15.40
400 Metres Hurdles  Max Meyr (GER) 54.0  Walter Darr (GER) 54.5  Jenõ Polgár (HUN) 56.0
High Jump  Assar Persson (SWE) 1.90  Gustav Weinkötz (GER) 1.85  Renato Dotti (ITA) 1.85
Pole Vault  Rudolf Glötzner (GER) 4.10  Gian Battista Boscutti (ITA) 3.90  Bo Ljungberg (SWE) 3.90
Long Jump  Guido Bologna (ITA) 7.09  István Gyuricza (HUN) 7.03  Lennart Eliaeson (SWE) 7.01
Triple Jump  Kim Won-Kwon (JPN)[fn 1] 15.37  Jaakko Vakkuri (FIN) 14.73  Vittorio Turco (ITA) 14.72
Shot  Gerhard Stöck (GER) 16.33  Aleksander Kreek (EST) 16.26  Kurt Gross-Fengels (GER) 14.79
Discus  Giorgio Oberweger (ITA) 48.21  Walter Buschey (GER) 47.45  Gerhard Hilbrecht (GER) 46.11
Hammer  Walter Beyer (GER) 53.54  Kurt Jancke (GER) 49.21  Michele Venanzetti (ITA) 48.85
Javelin  József Várszegi (HUN) 67.37  Karl-Heinrich Berg (GER) 67.29  Friedrich Issak (EST) 66.79
Pentathlon  Fritz Müller (GER) 3867  Fritz Lüttge (GER) 3273  Friedel Heintz (GER) 3225
4 x 100 Metres Relay GermanyGermany "A" 41.8 ItalyItaly "A" 41.8 HungaryHungary 42.1
4 x 400 Metres Relay GermanyGermany "A" 03:15.8 ItalyItaly "A" 03:15.8 HungaryHungary 03:17.2
10 x 200 Metres Relay GermanyGermany 03:38.3 ItalyItaly 03:38.3 HungaryHungary 03:39.2

Women’s events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 Metres  Ritagret Wendel (GER) 12.4  Siegfriede Dempe (GER) 12.6  Langerbeck (GER)[fn 2] 13.0
200 Metres  Ritagret Wendel (GER) 25.4  Ergbuth (GER)[fn 2] 26.6  Lilo Stubbe (GER) 26.6
80 Metres Hurdles  Siegfriede Dempe (GER) 11.7  Annemarie Westphal (GER) 12.0  Erika Biess (GER) 12.1
High Jump  Luise Lockemann (GER) 1.50[fn 3]  Wanda Nowak (GER)[fn 4] 1.50[fn 3]  Editha Evers (GER) 1.50
Long Jump  Luise Lockemann (GER) 5.21  Brenner (GER)[fn 2] 5.19  Ergbuth (GER)[fn 2] 4.90
Shot  Annemarie Westphal (GER) 12.44  Gisela Schulte (GER) 12.43 Unknown Unknown
Discus  Ruth Schönfeld (GER) 37.43  Hermine Wittmann (GER) 36.51  Gisela Schulte (GER) 35.07
Javelin  Anneliese Kahle (GER) 41.15  Ursula Klotz (GER) 38.52  Gerda Goldmann (GER) 37.60
4 x 100 Metres Relay GermanyGermany "A" 49.0 GermanyGermany "B" 50.5 Unknown Unknown

Medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 18 15 10 43
2  Italy (ITA) 4 6 4 14
3  Hungary (HUN) 2 4 5 11
4  Sweden (SWE) 2 0 3 5
5  Japan (JPN) 1 0 2 3
6  Estonia (EST) 0 1 1 2
7  Finland (FIN) 0 1 0 1
Total 27 27 25 79

Other sports[edit]

Military sports were held at the games, reflecting the militarism of Nazi and fascist states.[10] Other sports included tennis, boxing, field hockey (Germany beat two Italian teams[11]), basketball, swimming, handball, association football, rugby, rowing, fencing, gliding, and water polo (won by Hungary[12]).[1]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Won-Kwon represented Japan but was from Korea. The Japanese gave his name as Genken Kim
  2. ^ a b c d The source for these results gives no first name for this athlete
  3. ^ a b There is uncertainty about this time per the source data
  4. ^ Wanda Nowak represented Germany but was from Austria

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Studenten-Weltspiele, Wien 20.-27. August 1939". German Nazi posters from the Second World War era. UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  2. ^ Rebhann, Fritz Maria (1995). Die braunen Jahre: Wien 1938-1945. Wiener Journal Zeitschriftenverl. p. 78. ISBN 9783853080139. 
  3. ^ a b c "World Student Games: Surprise Change of Venue". The Glasgow Herald. 1 June 1939. p. 17. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  4. ^ Students in Search of Their University: An International "conversation" Between Students on "Education in the Modern University", Luxemburg, May 22-25, 1938. International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation. 1939. p. 162. 
  5. ^ "Feierliche Eröffnung der Studentenweltspiele 1939" (in German). Amsterdam: Beeldbank WO2 [Image Bank WW2]. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Das Wiener Stadion (Ernst-Happel-Stadion)". Wien.gv.at (in German). Vienna City Council. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  7. ^ Kotek, Joel; Blumenau, trans Ralph (30 December 2015). Students and the Cold War. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 242, note 3. ISBN 9781349248384. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Ernst Söllinger, Ein Münchener in Darmstadt (in German). Raimund Kluber. p. 89. 
  9. ^ "?". Intellectual Co-operation Bulletin. International Institute of Intellectual Co-operation: 134. 1940. 
  10. ^ Teja, Angela; Arnaud, Pierre; Riordan, James (2003) [1998]. "Italian sport and international relations under fascism". Sport and International Politics. E & FN SPON. p. 147. ISBN 0-203-47658-1. 
  11. ^ Happ, Martin. "Deutscher Hockeysport 1937-1939: Vergessene Aspekte der deutschen Sportgeschichte?" (MS Word). LISA (in German). Düsseldorf: Gerda Henkel Stiftung. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "A University Athlete like No Other". International University Sports Federation. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Teichler, Hans Joachim (1984). "Nationale Und Internationale Meisterschaften Im Studentensport Vor Dem 2. Weltkrieg. Zum Weg Des Deutschen Studentensports Von Der Sportlichen Zur Sportpolitischen Hegemonie in Europa.". Hochschulsport : Magazin Des ADH (in German). Allgemeiner Deutscher Hochschulsportverband. 11 (2): 4–14.