1941 in the United States
|1941 in the United States|
48 stars (1912–59)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1918–45)|
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Sport
- 4 Births
- 5 Deaths
- 6 See also
- 7 External links
- 8 References
- President: Franklin D. Roosevelt (D-New York)
- Vice President: John Nance Garner (D-Texas) (until January 20), Henry A. Wallace (D-Iowa) (starting January 20)
- Chief Justice: Charles Evans Hughes (New York) (until June 30), Harlan F. Stone (New York) (starting July 3)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Sam Rayburn (D-Texas)
- Senate Majority Leader: Alben W. Barkley (D-Kentucky)
- Congress: 76th (until January 3), 77th (starting January 3)
- January 4 – The short subject Elmer's Pet Rabbit is released, marking the second appearance of Bugs Bunny, and also the first to have his name on a title card.
- January 6
- January 10 – Lend-Lease is introduced into the U.S. Congress.
- January 13 – All persons born in Puerto Rico since this day are declared U.S. citizens by birth, through U.S. federal law 8 U.S.C. § 1402.
- January 20 – Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes swears in President Franklin D. Roosevelt for his third term.
- January 23 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
- January 27 – World War II – Attack on Pearl Harbor: U.S. Ambassador to Japan Joseph Grew passes on to Washington, D.C. a rumor overheard at a diplomatic reception about a planned surprise attack upon Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
- February 4 – World War II: The United Service Organization (USO) is created to entertain American troops.
- February 8 – World War II: The U.S. House of Representatives passes the Lend-Lease Act (260–165).
- February 9 – Winston Churchill, in a worldwide broadcast, asks the United States to show its support by sending arms to the British: "Give us the tools, and we will finish the job."
- February 14 – World War II – Attack on Pearl Harbor: Admiral Kichisaburō Nomura begins his duties as Japanese ambassador to the United States.
- March – Captain America Comics #1 issues the first Captain America & Bucky comic.
- March 1
- March 17 – National Gallery of Art is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- March 22 – Washington state's Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity.
- March 27 – World War II – Attack on Pearl Harbor: Japanese spy Takeo Yoshikawa arrives in Honolulu, Hawaii and begins to study the United States fleet at Pearl Harbor.
- March 30 – All German, Italian and Danish ships anchored in United States waters are taken into "protective custody".
- April 9 – The U.S. acquires full military defense rights in Greenland.
- April 10 – World War II: The U.S. destroyer Niblack, while picking up survivors from a sunken Dutch freighter, drops depth charges on a German U-boat (the first "shot in anger" fired by America against Germany).
- April 15 – World War II: The U.S. begins shipping Lend-Lease aid to China.
- April 23 – The America First Committee holds its first mass rally in New York City, with Charles Lindbergh as keynote speaker.
- April 25 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, at his regular press conference, criticizes Charles Lindbergh by comparing him to the Copperheads of the Civil War period. In response, Lindbergh resigns his commission in the U.S. Army Air Corps Reserve on April 28.
- May – Woody Guthrie records the Columbia River Ballads
- May 1
- May 6 – At California's March Field, entertainer Bob Hope performs his first USO Show.
- May 15 – Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak begins as the New York Yankee center fielder goes one for 4 against Chicago White Sox pitcher Eddie Smith.
- May 21 – World War II: 950 miles off the coast of Brazil, the freighter SS Robin Moor becomes the first United States (neutral) ship sunk by a German U-boat, after its crew have been allowed to disembark.
- May 27 – World War II: President Roosevelt proclaims an "unlimited national emergency."
- June 14 – All German and Italian assets in the United States are frozen.
- June 31 – All German and Italian consulates in the United States are ordered closed and their staffs to leave the country by July 10.
- June 20
- July 1 – Mammoth Cave National Park is authorized by Congress.
- July 7 – World War II: American forces take over the defense of Iceland from the British.
- July 26
- World War II: In response to the Japanese occupation of French Indochina, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
- World War II: General Douglas MacArthur is named commander of all U.S. forces in the Philippines; the Philippines Army is ordered nationalized by President Roosevelt.
- July 30 – World War II: The U.S. gunboat Tutuila is attacked by Japanese aircraft while anchored in the Yangtze River at Chungking. Japan apologizes for the incident the following day.
- August 1 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans the export of U.S. aviation fuel from the western hemisphere except to Britain and allies.
- August 6 – Six-year-old Elaine Esposito undergoes an appendectomy and lapses into a coma that lasts for a record-breaking 37 years until her death in 1978.
- August 9 – Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet at Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador. The Atlantic Charter is created as a result.
- August 12 – By one vote (203–202), the U.S. House of Representatives passes legislation extending the draft period for selectees and the National Guard from 1 year to 30 months.
- August 31 – The Great Gildersleeve debuts on NBC Radio.
- September 4 – World War II: The USS Greer becomes the first United States Navy ship fired upon by a German submarine in the war, even though the United States is a neutral power. Tension heightens between the nations as a result.
- September 11 – World War II: Charles Lindbergh, at an America First Committee rally in Des Moines, Iowa, accuses "the British, the Jewish, and the Roosevelt administration" of leading the United States toward war. Widespread condemnation of Lindbergh follows.
- September 27 – The first liberty ship, the SS Patrick Henry, is launched at Baltimore.
- September 29 – World War II: The first Moscow Conference begins; U.S. representative Averell Harriman and British representative Lord Beaverbrook meet with Soviet foreign minister Molotov to arrange urgent assistance for Russia.
- September – First production P38E Lightning fighter produced by Lockheed.
- October 17 – World War II: The destroyer USS Kearny is torpedoed and damaged by German submarine U-568 off Iceland, killing 11 sailors (the first American military casualties of the war).
- October 23 – Walt Disney's animated film Dumbo is released.
- October 30 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt approves US$1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
- October 31
- November 10 – In a speech at the Mansion House, London, Winston Churchill promises, "should the United States become involved in war with Japan, the British declaration will follow within the hour."
- November 14
- World War II – Attack on Pearl Harbor: Japanese diplomat Saburō Kurusu arrives in the United States to assist Ambassador Kichisaburō Nomura in peace negotiations.
- The 5.4 Ms Los Angeles earthquake severely affected the Gardena–Torrance area of California with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), causing $1.1 million in financial losses, but no injuries or deaths.
- November 17 – World War II – Attack on Pearl Harbor: Joseph Grew, the United States ambassador to Japan, cables to Washington, D.C., a warning that Japan may strike suddenly and unexpectedly at any time.
- November 24 – World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French.
- November 26
- U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the 4th Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day in the United States (this partly reverses a 1939 action by Roosevelt that changed the celebration of Thanksgiving to the third Thursday of November).
- The Hull note ultimatum is delivered to Japan by the United States.
- November 27
- Wonder Woman comic begins publication.
- December 1 – Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol under the authority of the United States Army Air Forces.
- December 4 – The State of Jefferson is declared in Yreka, California, with John C. Childs as a governor.
- December 6 – World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor – Franklin D. Roosevelt makes a personal peace appeal to Emperor Hirohito of Japan.
- December 7 (December 8, Japan Standard Time) – Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service stages a military strike on the United States Navy fleet at Pearl Harbor in the Territory of Hawaii, thus drawing the U.S. into World War II.
- December 8
- December 11 – World War II:
- American forces repel a Japanese landing attempt at Wake Island.
- Germany and Italy declare war on the United States. The U.S. responds in kind.
- December 12 – World War II:
- December 20 – Admiral Ernest King is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. fleet.
- December 23 – World War II: A second Japanese landing attempt on Wake Island is successful and the American garrison surrenders after a full night and morning of fighting.
- December 26 – World War II: Winston Churchill becomes the first British Prime Minister to address a joint session of the U.S. Congress.
- World War II, U.S. involvement (1941–1945)
- The Centenary College Choir (America’s Singing Ambassadors) is formed by Dr. A. C. Voran at Centenary College of Louisiana.
- This calendar year is the wettest on record in Utah with 20.33 inches (516.4 mm), Colorado with 25.52 inches (648.2 mm) and New Mexico with 26.57 inches (674.9 mm) against a mean of only 13.74 inches or 349.0 millimetres.
- In contrast to the wetness in the West, it is the driest calendar year in Tennessee with only 36.44 inches (925.6 mm) versus a mean of 50.97 inches or 1,294.6 millimetres and New Hampshire with 32.65 inches (829.3 mm) against a mean of 42.74 inches or 1,085.6 millimetres.
- April 12 – The Boston Bruins won their third Stanley Cup, and last until 1970, defeating the Detroit Red Wings 4 games to 0. The deciding Game 4 was played at Detroit's Olympia Arena
Baseball fans across the nation witnessed not one, but two of the most amazing individual efforts and achievements the game has ever known. The two measures recorded during the 1941 campaign both stand to this day and are regarded by practically all, even the most casual of fans, to be unattainable in the game today. 1941 saw the great Joltin' Joe DiMaggio step up to the plate in 56 consecutive baseball games and hit safely to break a record that had withstood the test of time since 1897 when Wee Willie Keeler totaled 45 consecutive games hitting safely over the course of the 1896 and 97 seasons. The Splendid Splinter, Ted Williams, also treated baseball fans to a feat that has also barely been threatened since by having a season for the ages. During the 1941 Teddy Ballgame managed to record a batting average over .400 by finishing the season with an unparalleled .406 batting average. Although his average for the season is not the single season record for baseball, no player has hit .400 or better since.
January to August
- January 26 – Maureen Reagan, actress and activist (d. 2001)
- January 26 – Scott Glenn, film actor
- January 30 – Dick Cheney, 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009
- March 24 – Michael Masser, songwriter, composer and producer of popular music (d. 2015)
- March 30 – Bob Smith, U.S. Senator from New Hampshire from 1990 to 2003
- April 21 – David L. Boren, U.S. Senator from Oklahoma from 1979 to 1994
- April 26
- May 8
- May 13 – Ritchie Valens, Mexican American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1959)
- May 17 – Ben Nelson, U.S. Senator from Nebraska from 2001 to 2013
- May 19 – Nora Ephron, novelist and screenwriter (d. 2012)
- May 23 – Martin Puryear, sculptor
- May 24 – Bob Dylan, born Robert Allen Zimmerman, singer-songwriter, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2016
- June 1 – Wayne Kemp, country singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2015)
- June 2 – Stacy Keach, actor
- July 6 – Randall Robinson, lawyer and author
- July 25 – Emmett Till, African American victim of lynching (d. 1955)
- July 28 – Michael Mukasey, 81st United States Attorney General
- July 29 – Jennifer Dunn, politician (d. 2007)
- August 3 – Martha Stewart, television personality and media entrepreneur
- August 4 – Ted Strickland, politician
- August 6 – Lyle Berman, poker player
- August 8 – George Tiller, physician (d. 2009)
- August 9 – Shirlee Busbee, novelist
- August 12 – Deborah Walley, actress (d. 2001)
- August 14
September to December
- September 8 – Bernie Sanders, U.S. Senator from Vermont from 2007
- September 9 – Dennis Ritchie, computer scientist (d. 2011)
- September 10 – Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist and evolutionist (d. 2002)
- September 24 – Lynne Taetzsch, abstract painter and writer
- October 3 – Chubby Checker, born Ernest Evans, rhythm and blues singer
- October 4
- October 8 – Jesse Jackson, clergyman and civil rights activist
- October 9 – Trent Lott, U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1989 to 2007
- October 10 – Peter Coyote, actor, author, director, screenwriter and narrator of films, theatre, television and audio books
- October 13 – Paul Simon, singer-songwriter
- October 16 – Tim McCarver, baseball commentator
- October 23 – Mel Winkler, actor
- November 5 – Art Garfunkel, singer
- November 6 – Doug Sahm, roots rock musician (d. 1999)
- November 12 – Carol Gluck, historian, author, and academic
- November 13
- December 6 – Richard Speck, mass murderer (d. 1991)
- December 7 – Melba Pattillo Beals, journalist and activist
- December 8
- December 9 – Beau Bridges, screen actor
- December 11
- December 13 – John Davidson, singer and actor
- December 19 – Maurice White, singer, songwriter, musician and record producer, founder of Earth, Wind & Fire (d. 2016)
- December 23
- December 27 – Miles Aiken, basketball player and coach
- December 30 – Mel Renfro, American football player
- January 8 – Jennie Tuttle Hobart, wife of Garret Hobart, Second Lady of the United States (b. 1849)
- January 20 – John Bissinger, Olympic gymnast (b. 1879)
- February 2 – Harris Laning, admiral (b. 1873)
- February 27 – William D. Byron, Congressman (b. 1895)
- March 6 – Gutzon Borglum, artist, sculptor, creator of the Mount Rushmore National Memorial (b. 1867)
- March 8 – Sherwood Anderson, fiction writer (b. 1876)
- March 13 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts, novelist and poet (b. 1881)
- April 13 – Annie Jump Cannon, astronomer (b. 1863)
- July 10 – Jelly Roll Morton, African American jazz pianist (b. 1890)
- July 12 – Carl Jules Weyl, German-American art director and Reichswehr soldier (born 1890)
- July 26 – Benjamin Lee Whorf, linguist (b. 1897)
- October 5 – Louis Brandeis, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1856)
- 6 November – Gus Kahn, German-American lyricist (born 1886)
- November 12 – Abe Reles, mobster (b. 1907)
- December 7 – Attack on Pearl Harbor: U.S. Navy personnel
- List of American films of 1941
- Timeline of United States history (1930–1949)
- Timeline of World War II
- Media related to 1941 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Utah Precipitation: January to December
- National Oceanic and atmospheric Administration; Colorado Precipitation: January to December
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; New Mexico Precipitation: January to December
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Tennessee Precipitation: January to December
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; New Hampshire Precipitation: January to December