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Events from the year
1942 in France.
19 February -
Riom Trial begins, attempt by Vichy France regime to prove that the leaders of the French Third Republic had been responsible for France's defeat by Germany in 1940. 28 March - British Commandos raid
St Nazaire on the coast of Western France. 5 May -
Battle of Madagascar begins, Allied campaign to capture Vichy French-controlled Madagascar during World War II. 26 May -
Battle of Bir Hakeim begins, First Free French Division defends the site against the Italian and German Afrika Korps. 11 June - Battle of Bir Hakeim ends, a successful delaying action.
16 July -
Vel' d'Hiv Roundup ( Rafle du Vel' d'Hiv), the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews who are held at the Winter Velodrome in Paris and Drancy internment camp before deportation to Auschwitz. 18 September - 116 people are executed in retaliation for recent attacks on German soldiers
19 August - Unsuccessful
Dieppe Raid is carried out by Allied forces. 24 September -
Andrée Borrel and Lise de Baissac became the first female SOE agents to be parachuted into occupied France. 8 November - Madagascar finally secured by Allied forces.
8 November -
Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa. 8 November -
French Resistance Coup in Algiers, by which 400 French civil resistants neutralize the Vichyist XIXth Army Corps and the Vichyist generals so allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers. 10 November - In violation of a 1940 armistice, Germany invades
Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa. 27 November -
Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon takes place, ordered by the Admiralty of Vichy France to avoid capture by Nazi German forces. 7 December - British commandos conduct
Operation Frankton a raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour. 24 December -
Admiral Darlan, the former Vichy leader who had switched over to the Allies following the Torch landings, assassinated in Algiers.
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18 January -
Johnny Servoz-Gavin, motor racing driver (died 2006) 21 March -
Françoise Dorléac, actress (died 1967) 26 April -
Claudine Auger, actress 24 June -
Antoine Berman, translator and historian (died 1991) 12 September -
François Tavenas, academic in Canada (died 2004) 28 September -
Pierre Clémenti, actor (died 1999) 29 September -
Jean-Luc Ponty, jazz violinist and composer 17 October -
Jean-Pierre Dogliani, soccer player (died 2003) 19 October -
Edmond Baraffe, soccer player and manager 19 December -
Jean-Patrick Manchette, novelist (died 1995)
References [ edit ]