1942 in the Philippines
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1942 in the Philippines details events of note that happened in the Philippines in the year 1942.
- President: Manuel Quezon (Nacionalista Party)
- Vice President: Sergio Osmeña (Nacionalista Party)
- Chief Justice: José Abad Santos (until May 7), José Yulo (starting May 7)
- January 2 – Japanese troops enters Manila.
- January 3
- January 13 – All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death penalty
- January 23 – An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.
- February 17 – The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese educational system in The Country
- February 20 – President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the United States.
- March 11 – General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western Pacific Area
- March 13 – The Commonwealth government is moved to the United States
- March 29 – The People's Anti-Japanese Army or Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap) is organized.
- April 9 – Bataan, under US commander General Edward King, is the last province that surrenders to the Japanese armies.
- May 3
- Start of the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines.
- May 5 – Japanese troops lands on Corregidor Island for the last stand of attack by Filipino and American forces.
- May 6 – Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces.
- June 8 – Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942–1943)
- June 14 – The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United Nations.
- December 30 – The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese.
- April – A pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US on enemy positions.
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