1943 Danish Folketing election

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1943 Danish Folketing election
Kingdom of Denmark
← 1939 23 March 1943 1945 →

All 149 seats in the Folketing
75 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader % Seats ±
Social Democrats Hans Hedtoft 44.5 66 +2
Conservative Christmas Møller 21.0 31 +5
Venstre Knud Kristensen 18.7 28 -2
Social Liberals Jørgen Jørgensen 8.7 13 -1
Danish Unity Arne Sørensen 2.2 3 +3
National Socialists Frits Clausen 2.1 3 0
Justice P. Gregersen 1.6 2 -1
Farmers' Valdemar Thomsen 1.2 2 -2
Elected in the Faroe Islands
Independent (F) Jóannes Patursson 48.2 1 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Folketing1943.svg
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Erik Scavenius
Nonpartisan
Erik Scavenius
Nonpartisan

Folketing elections were held in Denmark on 23 March 1943 alongside Landsting elections,[1] except in the Faroe Islands where they were held on 3 May. They were the first elections during the German occupation, and although many people feared how the Germans might react to the election, the event took place peacefully.[2] The voter turnout was at 89.5%, the highest of any Danish parliamentary election, and became a demonstration against the occupation. The Social Democratic Party remained the largest in the Folketing, with 66 of the 149 seats. After the elections, leading German newspapers expressed disappointment and indignation with the lack of political evolution among the Danish voters.[2]

The Communist Party of Denmark had been banned since 1941 and could not participate in these elections.

95% of the vote went to the four biggest, traditional democratic parties. In the years since, there has been some debate about whether this can be seen as democratic support for the government's "cooperation" policy (samarbejdspolitikken) with the German occupation authorities.[3] Some have argued that the result showed a broad unity of opinion in the population and among politicians in support of the relatively cooperative line taken by the government. Bertel Haarder, citing Knud Kristensen, has argued that the vote was sold as one of solidarity with the Danish constitution, democracy, and a rejection of totalitarian elements in society, and cannot therefore be seen as an explicit endorsement by the population of the government's line.[3]

Results[edit]

1943 Danish Folketing election.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Denmark proper
Social Democratic Party 894,632 44.5 66 +2
Conservative People's Party 421,523 21.0 31 +5
Venstre 376,850 18.7 28 –2
Danish Social Liberal Party 175,179 8.7 13 –1
Danish Unity 43,367 2.2 3 +3
National Socialist Workers' Party 43,309 2.1 3 0
Justice Party of Denmark 31,323 1.6 2 –1
Farmers' Party 24,572 1.2 2 –2
Independents 28 0.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 29,800
Total 2,040,583 100 148 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,280,716 89.5
Faroe Islands
Independent[a] 3,452 48.2 1 +1
Venstre-Union Party 2,308 32.3 0 –1
Social Democratic Party 1,385 19.4 0 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 7,155 100 1 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
A
44.49%
C
20.96%
D
18.74%
B
8.71%
R
2.16%
N
2.15%
E
1.56%
F
1.22%
Others
0.00%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Faroes seat was won by Þ Petersen, an independent who was a member of the People's Party. However, his election victory was not recognised until 16 August 1945,[4] only two and a half months before the elections that year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p524 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nordengaard, J. P. (1949). Valgene til Rigsdagen gennem 100 Aar (in Danish). Roskilde Dagbladstrykkeri. pp. chapter III, pp. 7–8.
  3. ^ a b Bertel, Haarder (21 September 2005). "Nye myter om samarbejdspolitikken" (in Danish). Information. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p540