1943 in poetry
- September 12 – Abraham Sutzkever, a Polish Jew writing poetry in Yiddish, escapes the Vilna Ghetto with his wife and hides in the forests. Sutzkever and fellow Yiddish poet Shmerke Kaczerginsky, fight against the Nazis as partisans. During the Nazi era, Sutzkever writes more than eighty poems, whose manuscripts he manages to save for postwar publication.
- December – English poet Philip Larkin, having graduated from the University of Oxford, obtains his first post as a librarian (at Wellington, Shropshire).
- Babi Yar in poetry: poems are written about the 1941 Babi Yar massacres by Mykola Bazhan (Микола Бажан) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ("Babi Yar"); Sava Holovanivskyi ("Avraam" (Abraham)) and Kievan poet Olga Anstei (Ольга Николаевна Анстей) ("Kirillovskie iary"; "Kirillov Ravines", another name for Babi Yar). She defects this year from the Soviet Union to the West with her husband
- Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels closes theaters and publishers in Germany.
- Ezra Pound, still in Italy, is indicted for treason by the United States Attorney General.
- Canadian poet, critic and editor John Sutherland publishes a review of Patrick Anderson's poetry in his magazine First Statement (a rival to Anderson's Preview) which suggests homoerotic themes in his writing, and accuses Anderson of "some sexual experience of a kind not normal"; although Anderson would in fact come out as gay later in life, he is married at this time to Peggy Doernbach and threatens to sue. Sutherland prints a retraction in the following issue of his magazine.
- Ottawa native Elizabeth Smart moves permanently to England.
- Focus magazine founded in Jamaica.
- Poetry Scotland magazine founded in Glasgow by Maurice Lindsay.
- Publication of a new comprehensive edition of Friedrich Hölderlin's complete works (Sämtliche Werke, the "Große Stuttgarter Ausgabe"), begins.
Works published in English
Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Archibald Lampman, At The Long Sault, edited by Duncan Campbell Scott and E.K. Brown, a selection from Lampman's unpublished manuscripts; posthumous edition
- Wilson MacDonald, Greater Poems Of The Bible: metrical versions, biblical forms, and original poems
- E. J. Pratt, Still Life and Other Verse, Toronto: Macmillan.
- A.J.M. Smith, News of the Phoenix and Other Poems. Toronto: Ryerson Press. Governor General's Award 1943.
- Ralph Gustafson, editor, Canadian Poets, published by New Directions
- A.J.M. Smith, The Book of Canadian Poetry anthology - introduction identified modern poets in Canada as either in "The Native Tradition" or "The Cosmopolitan Tradition";
- Sunderrao Rama Rao Dongerkery, The Ivory Tower (Poetry in English ), Baroda: East and West Book House
- Punjalal, Lotus Petals (Poetry in English ), Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram
- Krishna Shungloo, The Night is Heavy (Poetry in English ), Lahore: Free India Publications
- K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar, Indo-Anglian Literature, a pioneering literary history
- Kenneth Allott, The Ventriloquist's Doll
- Lilian Bowes Lyon, Evening in Stepney
- Cecil Day-Lewis, Word Over All
- Keith Douglas, Selected Poems
- Lawrence Durrell, A Private Country
- T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets (first collected, in U.S.)
- David Gascoyne, Poems 1937–1942
- Geoffrey Grigson, Under the Cliff, and Other Poems
- Michael Hamburger, Friedrich Hölderlin: Poems
- J. F. Hendry, The Orchestral Mountain
- Sidney Keyes, The Cruel Solstice
- Roy McFadden, Swords and Ploughshares, Northern Ireland poet
- John Pudney, Beyond This Disregard
- Kathleen Raine, Stone and Flower, with drawings by Barbara Hepworth
- Keidrych Rhys, pen name of William Ronald Rhys Jones, editor, More Poems From The Forces, anthology
- William Soutar, But the Earth Abideth
- Dylan Thomas, New Poems, Welsh
- Terence Tiller, The Inward Animal
- Leonard Bacon, Day of Fire
- Stephen Vincent Benet, Western Star
- Kenneth Fearing, Afternoon of a Pawnbroker
- Robert Fitzgerald, A Wreath for the Sea
- Langston Hughes, Freedom's Plow
- Weldon Kees, The Last Man
- Archibald MacLeish, Colloquy for the States
- Edna St. Vincent Millay, Collected Lyrics
- Kenneth Patchen, Cloth of the Tempest
- Carl Sandburg, Home Front Memo
- Delmore Schwartz, Genesis: Book One
- Yvor Winters, The Giant Weapon, New Directions
- Elinor Wylie, Last Poems
Other in English
Works published in other languages
Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Louis Aragon, Le Musee Grevin
- Lanza del Vasto, Le Pèlerinage aux sources
- Andrée Chedid, On the Trails of my Fancy
- Robert Desnos, État de veille
- Luc Estang, Mystère apprivoisé
- André Frénaud, Les Rois Mages, Anthony Hartley called this book, "probably the best book of verse published at this time"; first edition (revised edition, 1966)
- Jean Follain, Usage de temps
- Francis Jammes, Elégies et poésies diverses
- André Pieyre de Mandiargues, Dans les années sordides
- Jules Supervielle, Poèmes de la France malheureuse
- Raymond Queneau, Les Ziaux
Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:
- Abdul Shakoor, Daur-i jadid ke cand muntakhab Hindu shu'ara, short biographical sketches and reviews of Hindu poets in the Urdu language
- Acharya Bhagvat, Jivan Ani Sahitya, essays in Marathi, mostly translated from Bengali and Gujarati, including some on which are on Rabindranath Tagore; criticism
- Akhtarul Imam, Girdab, Urdu-language
- Balvantrai Thakore, Navin Kavita Vise Vyakkyano, published lectures in Gujarati by this poet and critic on the forms of Gujarati poetry; criticism
- Bawa Balwant Juala Mukhi, Punjabi
- D. R. Bendre, Meghaduta, translation into Kannada from the Sanskrit of Kalidasa's Meghaduta; the translation is in a modified ragale meter; one of the most popular translations of that poet into the Kannada language
- D. V. Gundappa, Mankuthimmana Kagga, "Song of Mankutimma", Kannada
- G. V. Krishna Rao, Kavya Jagattu, on Marxism, Freudian thought and Indian poetics; Telugu; criticism
- Gauri Shankar Bhadrawahi, Srimad Bhagvadgita, translation into Dogri–Badrawahi from the Sanskrit original
- Lutif Allah Badvi, Tazkira-Elutfi, first volume of a Sindhi-language history of Sindhi poetry (see also Volume 2, 1946, Volume 3 1952)
- Makhan Lal Chaturvedi, Sahitya Devata, essays in literary criticism; Hindi
- Narayan Bezbarua, Mahatmar Maha Prayanat, Indian, Assamese-language
- Agyeya, Tar Saptak, groundbreaking Hindi anthology of seven previously unpublished poets which began the Prayogvad ("Experimentalism") movement; that, in turn, grew into the Nayi kavita ("New Poetry") movement in Hindi poetry. "The importance of Tar Saptak to the development of Hindi verse cannot be overstated", according to Ludmila L. Rosenstein. The movement got its name as a derisive term coined by critics who noted the constant use of the word prayog ("experimentalism") in Agyeya's introduction. That introduction and later writings by Agyeya made him one of the chief literary critics in India in the rest of the 20th century. The anthology was reprinted in new editions, with the sixth appearing in 1996. The seven poets in this edition: Agyeya, Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Shamsher Bahadur Singh, Raghuvir Sahay, Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena, Kunwar Narain and Kedarnath Singh.
- Vijayrai Vaidya, Gujarati Sahityani Ruprekha, a Gujarati history of the literature in that language; scholarship
- Chairil Anwar, "Aku" ("Me"), Indonesian
- Odysseus Elytis, Sun the First, Greek
- Gerardo Diego, Poemas adrede ("Purposeful Poems");Spain
- Sorley MacLean, Dàin do Eimhir agus Dàin Eile, Scottish Gaelic
- Eugenio Montale, Finisterre, a chapbook of poetry, smuggled into Switzerland by Gianfranco Contini; Lugano: the Collana di Lugano (June 24); second edition, 1945, Florence: Barbèra; Italy
- César Moro, pen name of César Quíspez Asín, Le château de grisou, Peru
- Luis Rosales and Luis Felipe Vivanco, editors, Sonetos à la piedra ("Sonnets to Stone"), anthology of heroic poetry; Spain
- Ole Sarvig, Grønne Digte ("Green Poems"), the author's first book of poems; Denmark
Awards and honors
- Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Allen Tate appointed this year. He would serve until 1943.
- Frost Medal: Edna St. Vincent Millay
- Governor General's Award, poetry or drama: News of the Phoenix, A.J.M. Smith (Canada) 
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- April 22 – Louise Glück, American poet laureate and winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature
- May 11 – Michael Palmer, American poet, translator and winner of 2006 Wallace Stevens Award
- June 7 – Nikki Giovanni, African American poet, activist and author
- July 21 – Tess Gallagher, American poet, essayist, novelist and playwright
- July 22 – Hadi Khorsandi, Iranian poet and satirist
- August 14 – Alfred Corn, American poet and essayist
- September 12 – Michael Ondaatje, Canadian-Sri Lankan novelist and poet whose Booker Prize winning novel The English Patient is adapted into an Academy-Award-winning film
- October 2 – Franklin Rosemont (died 2009), American Surrealist poet, labor historian and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group
- December 2 – John Balaban, American poet and translator
- December 8:
- December 9 – Michael Krüger, German poet, writer, publisher and translator
- Alan Bold (died 1998), Scottish poet
- Richard Berengarten, English poet
- Emanuel di Pasquale, American poet and translator
- Vicki Feaver, English poet
- Hadrawi (Mohamed Ibrahim Warsame), Somalian poet
- Tridib Mitra, Bengali poet associated with the 1961–1965 Hungryalism (or "Hungry Generation") movement
- Robert C. Morgan, American art critic, art historian, curator, poet and artist
- Justo Jorge Padrón, Canarian Spanish poet, translator and lawyer
- Ron Smith, Canadian poet, author, playwright and publisher
- Frederick Turner, English poet, critic and academic in the United States; editor of The Kenyon Review
- Ellen Bryant Voigt, American poet
- Bill Zavatsky, American poet, journalist, jazz pianist and translator
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 3 – F. M. Cornford, 68 (born 1874), English classical scholar and poet
- January 31 – Loa Ho, 48 (born 1894), Taiwanese poet, died in jail
- February 27 – Kostis Palamas, 84 (born 1859) Greek poet
- March 10 – Lawrence Binyon, 72 (born 1869), English poet, dramatist and art scholar
- March 13 – Stephen Vincent Benét, 44 (born 1898), American poet, heart attack
- March 19 – Tsugi Takano 鷹野 つぎ, 52 (born 1890), Japanese novelist and poet (a woman; surname: Takano)
- April 29 – Sidney Keyes, 20 (born 1922), English poet killed in action in Tunisia
- May 29 – Guido Mazzoni, 84 (born 1859), Italian poet
- August 12 – Kurt Eggers, 37 (born 1905), Nazi German writer, poet, songwriter and playwright killed in action on the Eastern Front
- September 13 – Sanjayan, pen name of M. R. Nayar, 40 (born 1903), Indian, Malayalam-language poet and academic
- October 7 – Radclyffe Hall, 63, English poet and author of the lesbian novel The Well of Loneliness
- October 15 – William Soutar, 45 (born 1898), leading poet of the Scottish Literary Renaissance. Bedridden from 1930, he died of tuberculosis
- October 24 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, 31 (born 1912), Canadian considered "Quebec's first truly modern poet", heart disease
- November 22 – Lorenz Hart, 48 (born 1895), American lyricist
- November 24 – France Balantič, 21 (born 1921), Yugoslav Slovene poet killed as member of Slovene Home Guard in action against Slovene Partisans (b. 1921)
- November 26 – Charles G. D. Roberts, 83 (born 1860), Canadian poet and writer known as the "Father of Canadian Poetry" because he served as an inspiration for other writers of his time; also known as one of the "Confederation poets" (together with his cousin Bliss Carman, William Wilfred Campbell Archibald Lampman and Duncan Campbell Scott)
- November 27 – Louis Esson, 65 (born 1878), Australian poet and playwright
- December 2
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- Sutherland, John (1943). "The Writing of Patrick Anderson". First Statement. 1 (19): 3–6.
- Barton, John; Nickerson, Billeh, eds. (2007). Seminal: The Anthology of Canada's Gay Male Poets. Arsenal Pulp Press. ISBN 978-1551522173.
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- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- Search results: Wilson MacDonald, Open Library, Web, May 10, 2011.
- "Bibliography", Selected Poems of E. J. Pratt, Peter Buitenhuis ed., Toronto: Macmillan, 1968, 207-208.
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- Richard Ellmann and Robert O'Clair, editors, The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, W. W. Norton & Company, 1973, ISBN 0-393-09357-3
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- Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
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