1944 in Italy

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Flag of Italy (1861–1946).svg

See also:Other events of 1944
History of Italy  • Timeline  •  Years

Events from the year 1944 in Italy.


The Northern Italy is formally ruled by the Mussolini’s Italian Social Republic. Anyway, the effective power on Italy is in the hands of the occupation armies, allied or German.

From spring to autumn, several free republics are constituted by the Italian partisans  (the most important is the Ossola  republic), but, at the end of the year, are all fallen under the German and fascist attacks.


Literature and culture[edit]

In the freed Italy, the first cultural magazines inspired to the antifascist beliefs appear : Aretusa, Mercurio, La nuova Europa and Rinascita (official  review of the PCI). In Florence, Italia e Civiltà, voice of the more moderate fascist wing, goes out for a few months.


In spite of the tragic war situation, a fair number of new Italian movies, generally realized before the armistice, goes out in cinemas, (Sorelle Materassi, by Poggioli; The innkeeper, by Chiarini ; La donna della montagna, by Castellani). A limited film production goes on North Italy. Vivere ancora, began by Leo Longanesi in Rome the last year, is completed in Turin by Francesco de Robertis. In Venice, the authorities of the Italian Social Republic try to establish a new Cinecittà, called Cinevillaggio but the studios realize only a dozen of movies, of poor artistic value. In Rome, Vittorio De Sica directs The gates of heaven, produced by the Vatican. The processing of the movie, protracted for seven months, allows many antifascists, as De Sica himself, to wait in relative tranquility the liberation of the city.



See also[edit]