1944 in the Philippines
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1944 in the Philippines details events of note that happened in the Philippines in the year 1944.
- President: Manuel Quezon (Nacionalista Party) (until August 1), Sergio Osmeña (Nacionalista Party) (starting August 1)
- Vice President: Sergio Osmeña (Nacionalista Party) (until August 1), vacant thereafter (starting August 1)
- Chief Justice: José Yulo
- Philippine National Assembly: National Assembly (until February 2)
Second Philippine Republic
- President: José P. Laurel
- Prime Minister: Jorge B. Vargas
- Vice President: Benigno Aquino, Sr.
- Chief Justice: José Yulo
- January 8 – World War II: Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army, Philippine Constabulary and the USAFIP-NL units enter the province of Ilocos Sur in northern Luzon and attack Japanese forces.
- August 1 – Sergio Osmena assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines after the death of Manuel Quezon.
- September 18 – Filipino forces under the 9th Samar Company of the Philippine Constabulary were ambushed at Barrio Cansumangkay in Balangiga, Samar and attack Japanese Imperial forces.
- September 21 – US forces raids Manila.
- September 26 – Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1944–1945).
- October 20
- General MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by President Sergio Osmena and US troops.
- American forces land on the beaches in Dulag, Leyte, the Philippines, accompanied by Filipino troops entering the town, and fiercely opposed by the Japanese occupation forces. The combined forces liberate Tacloban.
- October 23 – The Commonwealth government of the Philippines is re-established in Tacloban, Leyte.
- December 8 – Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the Makapilis.
- January 19 - Robert Barbers, Filipino politician (died 2005)
- January 23 - Mahar Mangahas, Economist
- February 7 - Eddie Gil, Filipino singer
- April 29 - Tingting Cojuangco, Filipino politician
- May 22 - Roberto A. Abad, Filipino Lawyer and Judge
- June 28 - Teresa Aquino-Oreta, Philippine senator
- November 17 - Orlando Bauzon, Basketball player
- December 4 - Ronaldo Zamora, Minority Leader
- January - Bonifacio Mencias, Filipino physician, epidemiologist, guerrillasympathizer, and martyr.(born 1888)
- February 11 - José Ozámiz, Filipino politician (born 1898)
- August 1 – Manuel L. Quezon, Philippine president (born 1878)
- August 28 – Rafael R. Roces, Jr., Filipino journalist, writer, patriot, World War II spy, hero, and martyr. (born 1912)
- August 30 - Manuel Arguilla, Ilokano writer in English, patriot, and martyr. (born 1911)
- December 25 – Jacinto Ciria Cruz, Olympic Basketball player and coach
- December 31 - Vicente Lim, Filipino Brigadier General and hero during World War II (born 1888)
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