1945 Balochistan earthquake
|Date||27 November 1945|
|Origin time||21:56 (UTC)|
|Magnitude||8.1 Mw |
|Depth||15 kilometers (9.3 mi)|
|Areas affected||British India
|Max. intensity||X (Extreme) |
The 1945 Balochistan earthquake (Urdu: بلوچستان زلزلہ) occurred in British India at 5:26 PST on 28 November 1945 with a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale.
The earthquake's epicenter was 97.6 kilometers south-southwest of Pasni in Balochistan and a tsunami caused damage along the Makran coastal region. Deaths from the event were reported to be at least 300 and as many as 4,000 people.
Another strong earthquake (7.3 Ms) occurred in nearly the same location on August 5, 1947, but not much is known about the event or its effects.
- Rajendran, C. P.; Ramanamurthy, M. V.; Reddy, N. T.; Rajendran, K. (2008). "Hazard implications of the late arrival of the 1945 Makran tsunami". Current Science (Current Science Association) 95 (12): 1739–1743.
- "Significant earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- Quittmeyer 1979, p. 777
- Yeats, R. (2012), Active Faults of the World, Cambridge University Press, p. 333, ISBN 978-0521190855
- Utsu, T. R. (2002), "A List of Deadly Earthquakes in the World: 1500-2000", International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology, Part A, Volume 81A (First ed.), Academic Press, p. 706, ISBN 978-0124406520
- Quittmeyer 1979, p. 795
- Quittmeyer, R. C.; Jacob, K. H. (1979), "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (Seismological Society of America) 69 (3): 773–823
- Earthquake and Tsunami of 28 November 1945 in Southern Pakistan – George Pararas-Carayannis
- Search for Eyewitness Accounts and Historical Documents on 1945 Makran Tsunami – UNESCO