1945 Balochistan earthquake
|Date||27 November 1945|
|Origin time||21:56 (UTC)|
|Magnitude||8.1 Mw |
|Depth||15 kilometers (9.3 mi)|
|Areas affected||Makran state, British Raj|
|Max. intensity||X (Extreme) |
|Tsunami||15.24 m (50.0 ft) |
The 1945 Balochistan earthquake (Urdu: بلوچستان زلزلہ 1945) occurred in the Makran princely state of the British Raj at 5:26 PST on 28 November 1945 with a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale.
The earthquake's epicenter was 97.6 kilometers south-southwest of Pasni in Balochistan and a tsunami caused damage along the Makran coastal region. Deaths from the event were reported to be at least 300 and as many as 4,000 people.
Another strong earthquake (7.3 Ms) occurred in nearly the same location on August 5, 1947, but not much is known about the event or its effects.
- Rajendran, C. P.; Ramanamurthy, M. V.; Reddy, N. T.; Rajendran, K. (2008). "Hazard implications of the late arrival of the 1945 Makran tsunami". Current Science. Current Science Association. 95 (12): 1739–1743.
- "Significant earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- Quittmeyer 1979, p. 777
- USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
- Utsu, T. R. (2002), "A List of Deadly Earthquakes in the World: 1500–2000", International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology, Part A, Volume 81A (First ed.), Academic Press, p. 706, ISBN 978-0124406520
- Quittmeyer 1979, p. 795
- Quittmeyer, R. C.; Jacob, K. H. (1979), "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Seismological Society of America, 69 (3): 773–823