1945 Pacific typhoon season

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1945 Pacific typhoon season
1945 Pacific typhoon season summary.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedApril 19, 1945
Last system dissipatedDecember 2, 1945
Strongest storm
NameJean
 • Maximum winds165 km/h (105 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure963 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total storms26
Typhoons13
Super typhoons0 (unofficial)
Total fatalities3,798+
Total damageUnknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947

The 1945 Pacific typhoon season was the first official season to be included in the West Pacific typhoon database. It has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1945, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1945 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Storms[edit]

Tropical Storm Ann[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ann 1945 track.png 
DurationApril 19 – April 26
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Betty[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Betty 1945 track.png 
DurationMay 13 – May 16
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  994 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Connie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Connie analysis 3 Jun 1945.png Connie 1945 track.png
DurationJune 1 – June 7
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

A small, yet powerful typhoon, Connie, was first spotted on June 1 by the Weather Central Guam, moving northeast. Winds were reported to have been as high as 140 mph. But by June 7, it began to weaken. Its final fate is unknown. The U.S. Navy's Third Fleet was hit by Connie. The same fleet had previously been hit, with great loss of life, by Typhoon Cobra, in 1944. Connie being lesser, only one officer and five USN men were lost or killed because of Connie, and around 150 airplanes on its carriers were either lost or damaged.

Tropical Storm Doris[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Doris analysis 19 Jun 1945.png Doris 1945 track.png
DurationJune 18 – June 21
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Nancy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Nancy analysis 7 Jul 1945.png Nancy 1945 track.png
DurationJuly 3 – July 8
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Opal[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Opal analysis 20 Jul 1945.png Opal 1945 track.png
DurationJuly 14 – July 22
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  986 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Peggy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Peggy analysis 23 Jul 1945.png Peggy 1945 track.png
DurationJuly 22 – July 23
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Edna[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Edna 1945 track.png 
DurationJuly 27 – July 29
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Eva[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Eva 1945 track.png 
DurationJuly 30 – August 4
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  978 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Queenie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Queenie 1945 track.png 
DurationAugust 5 – August 9
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  978 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Frances[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Frances 1945 track.png 
DurationAugust 9 – August 13
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Grace[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Grace 1945 track.png 
DurationAugust 15 – August 22
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Ruth[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ruth 1945 track.png 
DurationAugust 22 – August 28
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  978 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Susan[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Susan 1945 track.png 
DurationAugust 23 – August 28
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  968 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Tess[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Tess 1945 track.png 
DurationAugust 23 – August 25
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Helen[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Helen 1945 track.png 
DurationAugust 29 – September 4
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Helen formed on August 29. It moved west-northwest and strengthened into a category 3 typhoon with 120 mph winds. It weakened slightly to a category two and struck Taiwan. It briefly was over waters before it hit Mainland China as a tropical storm. It dissipated on September 4.

Typhoon Ursula[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ursula 1945 track.png 
DurationSeptember 7 – September 15
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  968 hPa (mbar)

This typhoon is especially remembered for the 6 aircraft containing liberated prisoners of war brought down by the typhoon between Okinawa and Manila. Over 120 servicemen lost their lives. At the time, it was the single greatest loss of life in an aviation disaster during peacetime.[1]

Typhoon Ida[edit]

Ida 1945 track.png 
DurationSeptember 10 – September 20
Peak intensityWinds not specified  916.1 (lowest observed over land) hPa (mbar)

In Japan, Typhoon Ida is called Makurazaki Typhoon. It was the strongest typhoon to hit Kyushu on record, with a minimum sea-level pressure of 916.1 hPa (27.05 inHg) and a maximum wind gust of 62.7 metres per second (140 mph), which was recorded at a weather station in Makurazaki.[2] More than 2,000 people were killed in the Hiroshima Prefecture after heavy rains brought by a weakening Ida caused severe landslides.[3]

Tropical Storm Verna[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Verna 1945 track.png 
DurationSeptember 20 – September 22
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  988 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Wanda[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Wanda 1945 track.png 
DurationSeptember 21 – September 24
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Jean[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Jean 1945 track.png 
DurationSeptember 25 – October 2
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  963 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Kate[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Kate 1945 track.png 
DurationSeptember 28 – October 6
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Louise[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
USS Nestor Wreck.jpg Louise 1945 track.png
DurationOctober 2 – October 12
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  969 hPa (mbar)

Louise was first seen developing on October 2, 1945, in the Caroline Islands. It unexpectedly veered north and slowed down, only to intensify as it passed over Okinawa on October 9 with 90 mph wind gusts and a minimum central pressure of 968.5 mbar. Shortly after, Louise began to weaken, and hit Japan as a strong tropical storm. The tropical cyclone became extratropical shortly after on October 12. In Okinawa, 36 people died, 47 people were reported missing, and 100 people were seriously injured.

In Buckner Bay, where the US military were occupying a temporary base, 30 ft (9.1 m) to 35 ft (11 m) waves were reported to have crashed ashore, tearing into Quonset huts and other buildings. At the time, Buckner Bay was being used as a port by the US military. Fifteen merchant ships were driven ashore, with a few wrecked. Three US Navy destroyers were grounded and declared beyond salvage. Over 200 other US military vessels, including six LSTs, a number of special purpose boats, patrol boats, and amphibious landing craft were grounded, severely damaged, or wrecked beyond repair. Eighty percent of the buildings in the bay were completely wiped out, while all 60 airplanes at the local airports were damaged.[4]

Tropical Storm Marge[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Marge 1945 track.png 
DurationNovember 1 – November 4
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Yvonne[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Yvonne 1945 track.png 
DurationNovember 14 – November 17
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Nora[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Nora 1945 track.png 
DurationNovember 22 – December 2
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  971 hPa (mbar)

Storm names[edit]

  • Ann
  • Betty
  • Connie
  • Doris
  • Nancy
  • Opal
  • Peggy
  • Edna
  • Eva
  • Queenie
  • Frances
  • Grace
  • Ruth
  • Susan
  • Tess
  • Helen
  • Ursula
  • Ida
  • Verna
  • Wanda
  • Jean
  • Kate
  • Louise
  • Marge
  • Yvonne
  • Nora

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]