1945 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours

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Winston Churchill

The 1945 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours were announced on 14 August 1945 to mark the resignation of Prime Minister Winston Churchill, following the success of the Labour Party in the 1945 General Election.[1][2]

The list was particularly notable for four recommendations outside party politics which had the approval of the new Prime Minister, Clement Attlee. These were to the Chiefs of Staff of the armed services and the Ministry of Defence in World War II, honouring what The Times called "the most remarkable achievement of team work in British military history ... followed with conspicuous mastery to its consummation in the most absolute of all victories."[3]

Other nominations followed the usual convention of Prime Minister's Resignation Honours, rewarding loyal service to the Conservative Party and political and personal service to the retiring Prime Minister. Amongst these honours, The Times noted in particular the knighthood for A. P. Herbert, "who has his individual niche in the parliamentary temple as the doughty vindicator of the private member's rights, including not least the right to legislate."[3]

The list included the first awards of the newly inaugurated Defence Medal, intended to honour members of the Home Guard, Civil Defence, and troops serving in non-operational areas. However, these four awards were to people who went with Churchill into operational areas, and were noted as being in a special category.[1]

The recipients are displayed below as they were styled before their new honour.

Defence List[edit]


Companion of Honour[edit]


  • Major General Millis Jefferis, for original work in connection with the development of special war weapons



  • Captain Richard Pike Pim, RNVR, lately supervisor of the Defence Map Room and head of the Upper War Room, Admiralty

Private Office List[edit]


  • George Watt, MP, Parliamentary Private Secretary to Winston Churchill


  • John Miller Martin, Principal Private Secretary to Winston Churchill



  • George Donald Alastair MacDougall, Chief Assistant, Prime Minister's Statistical Branch


  • Thomas Wilson, Assistant, Prime Minister's Statistical Branch


Defence Medal[edit]

  • Marian Lumley-Holmes; Elizabeth Shakespear Layton; Frank Sawyers; Nina Edith Sturdee

Political and Public Services List[edit]



Privy Councillor[edit]



Order of the Companions of Honour[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b The Times, 14 August 1945, p4.
  2. ^ Official publication was in the "No. 37227". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 August 1945. pp. 4183–4184.  Published on 17 August 1945. The Gazette listing does not include the Defence Medals awarded. Retrieved 2008-02-27.
  3. ^ a b The Times, 14 August 1945, p5.