1945 in Norway
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|See also:||List of years in Norway|
Events in the year 1945 in Norway.
- Government in Exile (in London) until 9 May
- German Military Governor
- German Puppet Government in Oslo
- 8 February - Karl Marthinsen was assassinated.
- 9 February - 29 Norwegians were executed by the Nazi regime in Norway as reprisal of Marthinsen's death, among others Jon Vislie, Kaare Sundby and Haakon Sæthre. The extent and severity of the reprisals shocked the Norwegian population and government-in-exile, resulting in a general moratorium against targeted killings of high-ranking Nazi officials.
- 9 February - Black Friday: a large air battle between German and British aircraft over Sunnfjord. It was the largest aerial clash over Norway during World War II.
- 7 May - Knut Hamsun released his obituary of Adolf Hitler.
- 8 May - The occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany ended as German forces agreed to an unconditional surrender.
- 8 May - Grini concentration camp was liberated, only to be used later for treason suspects under the name Ilebu.
- 8 May - Josef Terboven and Wilhelm Rediess committed suicide.
- 9 May - Vidkun Quisling was arrested.
- 11 May - Sverre Riisnæs gave up his entrenchment at Skallum farm. Jonas Lie died during the entrenchment.
- 11 May - Akershus Fortress surrendered by the Germans to Terje Rollem acting on behalf of the resistance.
- 13 May - Heinrich Fehlis was arrested and committed suicide.
- 14 May - Henry Rinnan was arrested.
- 31 May - Government returned from exile in London.
- 6 June - King Haakon VII of Norway returned to Norway.
- 14 June - Knut Hamsun was apprehended.
- 20 June - Paal Berg gave up plans to form a broad, non-partisan coalition government.
- 25 June - Prime Minister Johan Nygaardsvold resigned as Haakon VII appointed Einar Gerhardsen to head an interim government composed of all political parties.
- 6 July - Norway declares war on Japan.
- 25 July – Gerhardsen's First Cabinet was appointed.
- 17 August - Reidar Haaland was executed.
- 8 October - The 1945 Parliamentary election takes place.
- 24 October - Vidkun Quisling was executed by firing squad at Akershus Fortress.
- 5 November – Gerhardsen's Second Cabinet was appointed.
- 24 December - Henry Rinnan escaped from prison, only to be apprehended later.
- IG Farben was the largest stock-holder in Norsk Hydro. The two companies first formed a business partnership in 1927.
- The newspaper Verdens Gang was founded.
- The periodical Kvinnen og Tiden is founded.
- Municipal and county elections are held throughout the country.
The German surrender of Akershus Fortress on 11 May 1945.
The Norwegian underground army of the Second World War on parade in front of the Royal Palace in 1945.
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- 2 January – Terje Bjørklund, jazz pianist and composer
- 9 January - Liv Gjølstad, judge
- 10 February - Espen Haavardsholm, novelist, poet, biographer and essayist
- 14 January - Liv Køltzow, novelist, playwright, biographer and essayist
- 17 January - Geir Lundestad, author and educator
- 20 January – Bjørn Tore Godal, politician and Minister
- 26 February - Marta Kristen, actress
- 27 February - Odd Fossengen, motorcycle speedway rider
- 11 March - Sylfest Lomheim, philologist and director of the Norwegian Language Council, Språkrådet
- 19 March – Bjørn Moe, orchestra conductor and associate professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology
- 20 March - Erling Brandsnes, politician
- 26 March - Steinar Bastesen, politician
- 1 April - Per Kværne, tibetologist and art historian
- 3 April - Ernst Oddvar Baasland, bishop
- 6 April - Sverre Lodgaard, political scientist and politician
- 16 April - Britt Karin Larsen, poet and author
- 25 April
- 26 April - Paal-Helge Haugen, poet, novelist, dramatist and children's writer
- 27 April - Kirsti Strøm Bull, professor of law
- 2 May - Tore Linné Eriksen, historian
- 12 May - Tormod Haugen, author (died 2008)
- 16 May - Ingeborg Sorensen, model
- 24 May - Eva Bugge, diplomat
- 2 June - Kolbjørn Almlid, businessperson and politician
- 17 June – Inge Thun, footballer (died 2008)
- 18 June - Jostein Helge Bernhardsen, diplomat
- 28 June – Magni Wentzel, jazz singer and guitarist
- 4 July - Steinar Amundsen, sprint canoer, Olympic gold medallist and World Champion
- 18 July - Magnar Lussand, politician
- 23 July - Knut Brustad, middle distance runner
- 24 July - Gunnar Halvorsen, politician
- 17 August - Arild Hiim, politician
- 2 September – Svein Finnerud, jazz pianist, painter and graphic artist
- 15 September - Ranveig Frøiland, politician
- 16 September - Dag Frøland, comedian and revue artist (died 2010)
- 20 September - Torkild Brakstad, international soccer player and coach
- 23 September - Bjørgulv Froyn, politician
- 25 September - Knut Eggum Johansen, civil servant
- 1 October
- 5 October – Inga Juuso, Sami singer and actress
- 8 October - Kjersti Graver, jurist and Norwegian Consumer Ombudsman (died 2009)
- 20 October - Trond Kverno, composer
- 27 October
- 31 October - Tove Bull, linguist
- 1 November - Svein Fjellheim, trade unionist and politician
- 6 November - Odd Iversen, international soccer player
- 13 November – Knut Riisnæs, jazz saxophonist
- 15 November - Anni-Frid Lyngstad, singer, former ABBA member
- 7 December - Liv Lindeland, model and actress
- 17 December - Odd Karsten Tveit, journalist, writer and economist
- 27 December - Tor Berger Jørgensen, bishop
Full date unknown
- 9 January - Jan Østervold, sailor and Olympic gold medallist (born 1876)
- 11 January - Nils Uhlin Hansen, long jumper and resistance member (born 1919)
- 5 February - Ludvik Buland, trade unionist (born 1893)
- 8 February - Karl Marthinsen, commander of Statspolitiet and Sikkerhetspolitiet in Norway during the Nazi occupation (born 1896)
- 9 February
- 13 February
- 19 February - Frederik Prytz, politician (born 1878)
- 5 March - Per Lie, labour activist (born 1907)
- 11 March - Leif Tronstad, scientist, intelligence officer and military organizer (born 1903)
- 17 March
- 17 April - Gerdt Henrik Meyer Bruun, politician and Minister (born 1873)
- 30 April - Worm Hirsch Darre-Jenssen, engineer, politician and Minister (born 1870)
- 7 May - Christian Albrecht Jakhelln, businessperson and politician (born 1863)
- 8 May - Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar during the German military occupation of Norway, suidice (born 1898)
- 10 May - Henrik Rogstad, politician and police leader, collaborator, suicide (born 1916)
- 11 May - Jonas Lie, politician, minister and police leader, collaborator (born 1899)
- 27 June - Kai Holst, resistance fighter (born 1913)
- 12 July - Bjørn Talén, opera singer (born 1890)
- 17 August - Reidar Haaland, police officer and collaborator, executed (born 1919)
- 20 August - Katti Anker Møller, feminist, children's rights advocate and pioneer of reproductive rights (born 1868)
- 24 October - Vidkun Quisling, army officer, politician and Minister-President of Norway, executed (born 1887)
- 16 September - Oluf Wesmann-Kjær, rifle shooter (born 1874)
- 2 October - Leif Grung, architect (born 1894)
- 1 November - Olaf Sæther, rifle shooter and Olympic gold medallist (born 1872)
- 20 November - Jacob Thorkelson, elected official, naval officer and medical doctor in America (born 1876)
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