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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in
January 1? –
Jean-Paul Sartre refuses the Legion of Honour.
January 27 – Primo Levi is among those liberated from the Auschwitz concentration camp complex. February –
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is sentenced to eight years in a labour camp for criticism of Joseph Stalin.
February 13– 15 – The bombing of Dresden in World War II is witnessed by German Jewish diarist Victor Klemperer, by novelist Kurt Vonnegut as an American prisoner of war detained in Slaughterhouse Five, and by Miles Tripp as a British bomb aimer. It will feature in Józef Mackiewicz's novel Sprawa pulkownika Miasojedowa ("Colonel Miasoyedov's Case") (1962), Bohumil Hrabal's Ostře sledované vlaky ("Closely Observed Trains") (1965) and Vonnegut's (1969) . Slaughterhouse-Five, or The Children's Crusade: A Duty-Dance with Death
March 4 – Poet Pablo Neruda is elected a Communist party senator in Chile. He officially joins the Communist Party of Chile four months later.
March 8 – Federico García Lorca's play , completed just before his assassination in The House of Bernarda Alba 1936, is first performed, in Buenos Aires.
March 31 – Tennessee Williams' semi-autobiographical " memory play" ( The Glass Menagerie 1944, adapted from a short story) has its Broadway première at the Playhouse Theatre (New York City) starring Laurette Taylor and winning the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award. [1 ] By end March (approximately) –
Jack Kerouac and William S. Burroughs complete their mystery novel , a fictionalisation of manslaughter committed in 1944 by their friend And the Hippos Were Boiled in Their Tanks Lucien Carr, but it will not be published in full until 2008. [2 ] May –
Estonian poet Heiti Talvik is deported to Siberia and never heard from again.
May 8 – End of World War II in Europe. The occupying powers in Allied-occupied Germany and Austria will impose restrictions on publishing as part of denazification. [4 ] June – Australia's most celebrated literary hoax takes place when the modernist magazine
is published with poems by the fictitious Angry Penguins Ern Malley. Poets James McAuley and Harold Stewart created the poems from lines of other published work and then sent them as the purported work of a recently deceased poet. The hoax is played on Max Harris, at this time a 22-year-old avant garde poet and critic who had started Angry Penguins. Harris and his circle of literary friends agree that a hitherto completely unknown modernist poet of great merit has come to light in suburban Australia. The Autumn 1944 edition of the magazine with the poems comes out in mid-1945 due to wartime printing delays. An Australian newspaper uncovers the hoax within weeks. McAuley and Stewart love early Modernist poets but despise later modernism and especially the well-funded Angry Penguins and are jealous of Harris's precocious success. c. July –
Theatre Workshop is formed in the north of England by Joan Littlewood, Ewan MacColl and other former members of Theatre Union as a touring company.
August 17 – The allegorical dystopian novella by Animal Farm George Orwell, a satire on Stalinism, is first published by Fredric Warburg in London.
September 11 – The Citizens Theatre opens in Glasgow under this name.
October 29 – Vladimir Nabokov's application to become a naturalized citizen of the United States, first made in 1940, is granted. [5 ]
November 1 – The U.S. magazine is published for the first time. Ebony
November 26 – Release in the United Kingdom of the film adapted from Brief Encounter Noël Coward's short play Still Life. November –
Astrid Lindgren's children's book Pippi Långstrump with illustrations by Ingrid Vang Nyman is published in Sweden by Rabén & Sjögren, having won a competition run by the publisher for children's books in August, introducing the anarchic heroine Pippi Longstocking. Its English translation as is also issued. Pippi Longstocking
December 21 – André Malraux is appointed minister of information by French President Charles de Gaulle. December –
Nag Hammadi library, a collection of Gnostic texts, is discovered in Upper Egypt.
New books [ edit ]
New drama [ edit ]
Non-fiction [ edit ]
January 3 – David Starkey, English historian
January 20 – Robert Olen Butler, American novelist and short story writer
January 30 – Michael Dorris, American writer (died 1997)
February 12 – David Small, American author and illustrator
February 23 – Robert Gray, Australian poet and critic
February 25 – Shiva Naipaul, Trinidad-born novelist (died 1985)
March 19 – Jim Turner, American literary editor (died 1999)
April 2 – Anne Waldman, American poet
April 27 – August Wilson, American playwright (died 2005)
April 30 – Annie Dillard, American poet and prose writer
July 5 – Michael Blake, American novelist and screenwriter (died 2015)
July 9 – Dean Koontz, American novelist
July 12 – Remy Sylado (Yapi Panda Abdiel Tambayong), Indonesian writer
July 21 – Wendy Cope, English poet
July 30 – Patrick Modiano, French novelist, Nobel laureate
October 15 – John Murrell, American-born dramatist
November 24 – Nuruddin Farah, Somali novelist
December 17 – Jacqueline Wilson, English children's writer
January 13 – Margaret Deland, American novelist (born 1857)
January 15 – Ursula Bethell, English-born New Zealand poet (born 1874)
January 22 – Else Lasker-Schüler, German-born Jewish poet (born 1869)
January 27 – Antal Szerb, Hungarian writer (in concentration camp, born 1901)
February 6 – Robert Brasillach, French writer (executed, born 1909) c. March 12 –
Anne Frank, German-born Dutch child diarist (probable typhus in concentration camp, born 1929)
March 20 – Lord Alfred Douglas, English poet (born 1870)
March 31 – Maurice Donnay, French dramatist (born 1859) April –
Josef Čapek, Czech artist and writer (in concentration camp, born 1887)
April 9 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian (hanged in concentration camp, born 1906)
May 15 – Charles Williams, English author (born 1886)
June 8 – Robert Desnos, French poet (in concentration camp, born 1900)
July 13 – Alla Nazimova, Crimean-born American scriptwriter and actress (born 1879)
July 25 – Charles Gilman Norris, American novelist (born 1881)
August 18 – E. R. Eddison, English fantasy writer (born 1882)
August 20 – Alexander Roda Roda, Austro-Croatian-born novelist (born 1872)
August 26 – Franz Werfel, Bohemian-born writer (born 1890)
September 9 – Zinaida Gippius, émigré Russian writer (born 1869)
September 22 – Thomas Burke, English novelist and story writer (born 1886)
October 8 – Felix Salten, Austrian-born children's writer (born 1869)
November 21 – Robert Benchley, American humorist (born 1889)
December 4 – Arthur Morrison, English writer (born 1863)
December 28 – Theodore Dreiser, American author (born 1871)
References [ edit ]