1945 in poetry
- 1 Events
- 2 Works published in English
- 3 Works published in other languages
- 4 Awards
- 5 Births
- 6 Deaths
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- March 4 — Pablo Neruda elected a Communist party senator in Chile. He officially joins the Communist Party of Chile four months later.
- April — Ilona Karmel and Henia Karmel, sisters from the Kraków Ghetto and together Polish Jewish prisoners of the Nazis, are on a forced death march when Germans in tanks crush them and then shove them, still living, into a mass grave. Soon after, a group of prisoners passes them, including a cousin of theirs. From their hiding place in her clothes, Henia Karmel rips out some poems she and her sister had written and hands them to her cousin to give to her husband, Leon, back in Kraków. The cousin delivers the poems, and the sisters are saved by a nearby farmer who takes them to a hospital. Henia writes in 1947, "these poems are real, not just scribblings.[they] came about when I was still creating myself, experiencing the pain of separation. How I could have survived, you might ask? If so, sir, you know nothing of life. It lasted, that's all." Henia writes in her poem, "Snapshots": "My name is Number 906. / And guess what? I still write verse."
- April 2 — British aircraft carrier HMS Glory (built in Belfast) is commissioned and sails for the Pacific theatre of war; Cornish poet Charles Causley is serving as a Chief Petty Officer Coder on this voyage.
- May — Estonian poet Heiti Talvik is deported to Siberia and never heard from again.
- May 2 — Ezra Pound is arrested by Italian partisans, and taken (according to Hugh Kenner) "to their HQ in Chiavari, where he was soon released as possessing no interest". On May 5, he turns himself in to U.S. forces. He is incarcerated in a United States Army detention camp outside Pisa, spending 25 days in an open cage before being given a tent. Here he appears to have suffered a nervous breakdown. While in the camp he drafts the Pisan Cantos, a section of the work in progress which marks a shift in Pound's work, being a meditation on his own and Europe's ruin and on his place in the natural world. The Pisan Cantos wins the first Bollingen Prize from the Library of Congress in 1948.
- June — Australia's most celebrated literary hoax takes place when Angry Penguins is published with poems by the fictional Ern Malley. Poets James McAuley and Harold Stewart created the poems from lines of other published work and then sent them as the purported work of a recently deceased poet. The hoax is played on Max Harris, at this time a 22-year-old avant garde poet and critic who had started the modernist magazine, Angry Penguins. Harris and his circle of literary friends agreed that a hitherto completely unknown modernist poet of great merit had come to light in suburban Australia. The Autumn 1944 edition of the magazine with the poems comes out in mid-1945 due to wartime printing delays. An Australian newspaper uncovers the hoax within weeks. McAuley and Stewart loved early Modernist poets but despise later modernism and especially the well-funded Angry Penguins and are jealous of Harris's precocious success.
- June 7 — Benjamin Britten's opera Peter Grimes, based on George Crabbe's The Borough, is first performed.
- Two small Canadian literary magazines, Preview and First Statement (each founded separately in 1942) combine to form Northern Review (which lasts until 1956).
- Kyk-over-al magazine founded in Guyana.
- Vladimir Nabokov becomes a naturalized citizen of the United States.
Works published in English
Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Earle Birney, Now Is Time. Toronto: Ryerson Press. Governor General's Award 1945.
- Arthur Bourinot, True Harvest.
- Irving Layton, Here and Now
- Anne Marriott, Sandstone and Other Poems, Toronto: Ryerson Press.
- E. J. Pratt, They Are Returning, Toronto: Macmillan.
- F. R. Scott. Overture. Toronto: Ryerson Press.
- Elizabeth Smart, "By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept" (prose poem)
- Raymond Souster, When We Are Young. Montreal: First Statement.
- Miriam Waddington, Green World
- Serapia Devi, The Book of Beneficent Grief and Other Poems ( Poetry in English ), Lahore: R. S. Ram Jawaya Kapur
- B. Rajan, Monsoon ( Poetry in English ),
- Subho Tagore, May Day and Other Poems ( Poetry in English ), Calcutta: Book Emporium
- V.N. Bhushan, editor, The Peacock Lute: An Anthology of Poems in English by Indian Writers, Bombay: Padma Pub., 155 pages
- W. H. Auden, English poet living in the United States
- Collected Poems
- For the Time Being
- John Betjeman, New Bats in Old Belfries
- R. N. Currey, This Other Planet
- Walter de la Mare, The Burning-Glass, and Other Poems
- W. S. Graham, Second Poems
- Michael Hamburger, Later Hogarth
- A. P. Herbert, Light the Lights
- sidney Keyes, Collected Poems, posthumous
- Philip Larkin, The North Ship, London: Dent
- Alun Lewis, Ha! Ha! Among the Trumpets, foreword by Robert Graves; posthumously published
- Ruth Pitter, The Bridge
- William Plomer, The Dorking Thigh, and Other Satires
- F. T. Prince, Soldiers Bathing, and Other Poems
- Henry Treece, The Black Seasons
- Vernon Watkins, The Lamp and the Veil
- W. H. Auden, The Collected Poetry, English poet living in the United States
- John Malcolm Brinnin, No Arch, No Triumph
- Gwendolyn Brooks, A Street in Bronzeville
- Emily Dickinson, Bolts of Melody, published posthumously
- H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), "Tribute to the Angels", second part of Trilogy (1944–46) about the experience of the Blitz in wartime London
- Randall Jarrell, Little Friend, Little Friend, including "The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner", New York: Dial Press
- William Ellery Leonard, A Man Against Time, published posthumously
- Ogden Nash, Many Long Years Ago
- John Crowe Ransom, Selected Poems
- Karl Shapiro, Essay on Rime
- Wallace Stevens, Esthetique du Mal, Cummington Press
Other in English
- George Campbell (poet), First Poems, Caribbean
- Allen Curnow, editor, A Book of New Zealand Verse 1923–45 (Caxton), New Zealander
- Denis Glover, The Wind and the Sand, New Zealander
- Kenneth Slessor, Australian Poetry, anthology, Australia
Works published in other languages
- Louis Aragon:
- René Char, Seuls demeurent
- Paul Claudel, Visages radieux
- Max Jacob, Derniers Poemès, published posthumously (died 1944)
- Pierre Jean Jouve:
- Henri Michaux, Épreuves, exorcismes
- Saint-John Perse, Exil, suivi de Poème à l'étrangère; Pluies; Neiges Paris: Gallimard (a republication of Quatre poèmes, 1941-1944, Buenos Aires: Les Editions Lettres Françaises 1944), France
- Jacques Prévert, Spectacles
- Pierre Reverdy, Plupart du temps: poèmes 1915–1922
- Georges Schéhadé, Chants d'ombre
Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:
- Abdul Ahad Azad, Daryav, the author's magnum opus, on the theme of political revolution
- G. Sankara Kurup, Nimisam
- Pappukkutti Kotamangalam, Katattuvanci, one of the first poetry books of the progressive movement in Malayalam literature
- V. A. Anandakkuttan, Aradhana
Other Indian languages
- Desikavinayagam Pillai, translator, Umarkayyam Patalkar, translation into Tamil of Edward Fitzgerald's English translation of Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat
- Devakanta Barua, Sagar dekhisa ; Assamese-language
- Devarakonda Balagangadhara Tilak, Prabhatamu-Sandhya; Telugu-language
- Dinu Bhai Pant, Guttalum, seven poems, including two lengthy ones, Dogri
- E. V. R. Namputiri, translator, Mahakavih Krtyah, translation into Sanskrit from the Malayalam poems of Ulloor
- Firak, Urdu Ki 'ishqiyah sha'iri, a major Urdu poet's literary criticism in Urdu on the idea of love as expressed in that language's poetry
- Gopal Prasad Rimal, Masan ("The Crematorium"); Nepali-language
- Gurnam Singh Tir, Hasdi Dunia; Punjabi
- Laxmi Prasad Devkota, Sakuntal, the first epic poem in the Nepali language, 24 cantos in Sanskrit Varnik meters, and the diction is very "Sanskritized"
- P. V. Krishnan Nair, translator, Madirotsava, translation into Sanskrit of Edward Fitzgerald's English translation of Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat
- Trilochan, Dharti, Hindi-language pragativadi poems largely on man's struggles and life's contraditions
- V. R. M. Chettiyar, translator, Kitancali, translation into Tamil from the Indian poetry in English of Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali
- Mario Benedetti, La víspera indeleble ("Indelible Eve"), his first published book, Uruguay
- Eugenio Montale, Finisterre, a chapbook of poetry; second edition; Florence: Barbèra (first edition published in 1943 after a manuscript was smuggled into Switzerland ); Italy
- Leopoldo Panero, Versos del Guadarrama ("Verses of Guadarrama"); Spain
- Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Louise Bogan appointed this year. She would serve until sometime in 1946.
- Pulitzer Prize for poetry: Karl Shapiro, V-Letter and Other Poems
- Governor General's Award, poetry or drama: Now is Time, Earle Birney (Canada)
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- February 2 – Yoshihiko Funazaki 舟崎 克彦, Japanese novelist, poet, illustrator, manga writer, songwriter and academic (surname: Funazaki)
- February 10 – Clive Wilmer, English poet and academic
- February 23 – Robert Gray, Australian
- March 7 – Ira Sadoff, American poet and academic
- April 2 – Anne Waldman, American
- April 10 – Norman Dubie, American
- April 18 – Dick Davis, English-born poet and translator[full citation needed]
- April 30 – Annie Dillard, American poet and 1975 Pulitzer Prize winner
- June 7 – Falguni Ray (died 1981), Bengali poet and youngest member of Hungryalism movement
- June 21 – Adam Zagajewski, Polish poet, novelist, and essayist
- July 7 – Natsuki Ikezawa (池澤夏樹), Japanese novelist, essayist, translator and poet who stops publishing poetry in 1982
- July 12 – Remy Sylado (Yapi Panda Abdiel Tambayong), Indonesian writer
- July 21 – Wendy Cope, English
- August 13 – Tom Wayman, Canadian poet and academic
- August 28 – Marianne Bluger (died 2005), Canadian
- August 29 – Galit Hasan-Rokem, born Galit Hasan, Finnish-born Israeli Hebrew folklorist and poet
- August 31 – Van Morrison, OBE, Irish poet, singer, songwriter, author and musician
- December 14 – Carolyn Rodgers (died 2010), American
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 15 — Ursula Bethell, New Zealand
- January 22 — Else Lasker-Schuler, 75, German-born Jewish poet
- c. January 27 — Antal Szerb, 43, Hungarian writer, killed in Wolfs (Balf) concentration camp; buried with pages of his bilingual anthology Száz vers ("100 poems", 1943/1944) in his pockets
- February 16 – Yun Dong-ju, (born 1917), Korean poet, died in a Japanese prison (surname: Yoon; also spelled "Yoon Dong-joo" and "Yun Tong-ju")
- March 20 — Lord Alfred Douglas, English poet and former lover of Oscar Wilde
- May 15 — Charles Williams, English writer and poet, and a member of the loose literary circle called the Inklings
- June 8 — Robert Desnos (born 1900), French surrealist poet and journalist, arrested by the Gestapo as a member of the French Resistance and sent to Buchenwald concentration camp in 1944; dies soon after liberation of Theresienstadt concentration camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia where he was held
- July 20 — Paul Valéry (born 1871), French philosopher, author and Symbolist poet
- August 26 — Franz Werfel (born 1890), Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet writing in German
- September 9 — Zinaida Gippius, 75 (born 1869), Russian poet, novelist and playwright
- December 14 — Maurice Baring (born 1874), versatile English man of letters: dramatist, poet, novelist, translator, essayist, travel writer and war correspondent
- Undated — Swami Ananda Acharya (born 1881), Indian poet who wrote Indian poetry in English
- "Book Notes" column, The Virginia Quarterly Review, Spring 2008, accessed April 17, 2008, a capsule review by Lilah Hegnauerof A Wall of Two: Poems of Resistance and Suffering from Kraków to Buchenwald and Beyond, by Henia Karmel and Ilona Karmel, adapted by Fanny Howe, University of California Press, 2007
- "Estonian Literary Magazine". Elm.estinst.ee. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- Hugh Kenner, The Pound Era, University of California Press, 1973, p. 470, ISBN 978-0-520-02427-4. Cited in Tim Redman, Ezra Pound and Italian Fascism, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-37305-0, 1991, p. 274
- "The Pound Error - The New Yorker". Newyorker.com. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- Roberts, Neil, editor, A Companion to Twentieth-century Poetry, Part III, Chapter 3, "Canadian Poetry", by Cynthia Messenger, Blackwell Publishing, 2003, ISBN 978-1-4051-1361-8, retrieved via Google Books, January 3, 2009
- "Selected Timeline of Anglophone Caribbean Poetry" in Williams, Emily Allen, Anglophone Caribbean Poetry, 1970–2001: An Annotated Bibliography, page xvii and following pages, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 978-0-313-31747-7, retrieved via Google Books, February 7, 2009
- "Earle Birney: Published Works," Canadian Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 3, 2011.
- Neil Besner, "Birney, Alfred Earle," Canadian Encyclopedia (Edmonton: Hurtig, 1988), 231
- Carole Gerson, "Arthur Stanley Bourinot Biography," Encyclopedia of Literature, 7466, JRank.org, Web, Apr. 20, 2011.
- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- "Anne Marriott (1913-1997)", Canadian Woman Poets, BrockU.ca, Web, Apr. 21, 2011.
- "Bibliography," Selected Poems of E. J. Pratt, Peter Buitenhuis ed., Toronto: Macmillan, 1968, 207-208.
- "F. R. Scott: Publications," Canadian Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 7, 2011.
- "Notes on Life and Works Archived 2011-08-17 at the Wayback Machine.," Selected Poetry of Raymond Souster, Representative Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 7, 2011.
- Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0-391-03286-0, ISBN 978-0-391-03286-6), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
- Lal, P., Modern Indian Poetry in English: An Anthology & a Credo, p 314, Calcutta: Writers Workshop, second edition, 1971 (however, on page 597 an "editor's note" states contents "on the following pages are a supplement to the first edition" and is dated "1972")
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, https://books.google.com/books?id=WLE8GVsAfEMC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 322, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Joshi, Irene, compiler, "Poetry Anthologies", "Poetry Anthologies" section, "University Libraries, University of Washington" website, "Last updated May 8, 1998", retrieved June 16, 2009. Archived 2009-06-19.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- M. L. Rosenthal, The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340
- Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi)
- Web page titled "Wallace Stevens (1879 - 1955)" at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved April 9, 2009. Archived 2009-05-04.
- Allen Curnow Web page at the New Zealand Book Council website, accessed April 21, 2008
- "Denis Glover" article in The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966 website, accessed April 21, 2008
- Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
- Bree, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
- Cady, Andrea, Measuring the visible: the verse and prose of Philippe Jaccottet, p 32, Editions Rodopi, 1992, retrieved via Google Books on August 20, 2009
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- Web page titled "Saint-John Perse: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1960: Bibliography" at the Nobel Prize Website, retrieved July 20, 2009. Archived 2009-07-24.
- Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
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- Eugenio Montale, Collected Poems 1920-1954, translated and edited by Jonathan Galassi, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998, ISBN 0-374-12554-6
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- Liukkonen, Petri. "Antal Szerb". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on February 17, 2011.
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