1946 Xinhua earthquake: Difference between revisions

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{{Earthquake
 
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#REDIRECT [[1946 Sinhua earthquake]]
|title= 1946 Xinhua Earthquake
 
|date= {{Start-date|December 5, 1946}}
 
|image=
 
|map =
 
|magnitude = 6.1 [[Richter magnitude scale|M<sub>L</sub>]]
 
|depth={{convert|5|km|mi|0}}
 
|location={{coord|23.1|N|120.3|E|display=inline,title}}
 
|countries affected = [[Taiwan]]
 
|tsunami =
 
|casualties = 74 dead
 
}}
 
The '''1946 Xinhua earthquake''' ({{zh-tp|t=1946年新化大地震|p=1946 nián Xīnhuà dà dìzhèn}}), also referred to as the '''1946 Tainan earthquake''' ({{zh-tp|t=1946年台南大地震|p=1946 nián Táinán dà dìzhèn}}) was a magnitude 6.1 [[earthquake]] which hit [[Tainan County]], [[Taiwan]], on December 5, 1946 at 06:47. The quake claimed 74 lives and was the [[List of earthquakes in Taiwan|eighth deadliest earthquake]] in twentieth century Taiwan.
 
 
==Technical details==
 
The 6.1 [[Richter magnitude scale|M<sub>L</sub>]] earthquake struck at 06:47 [[Chungyuan Standard Time|CST]] on Thursday December 5 1946, as people in the area were waking up and preparing breakfast. The [[epicentre]] was in [[Xinhua, Tainan|Xinhua]] in the centre of [[Tainan County]] at a relatively shallow depth of {{convert|5|km|mi|0}}; the rupture responsible was the Xinhua fault ({{zh-tp|t=新化斷層|p=Xīnhuà duàncéng}}). Government geologists in Taiwan believe this fault may have been active a number of times during the (current) [[Holocene]] era.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.moeacgs.gov.tw/english/project/project_earthquake.jsp|title=Earthquake Geologic Investigation And Data Bank Compilation On Active Faults|publisher=Central Geological Survey, Ministry of Economic Affairs|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5iwzqAoQY|archivedate=2009-08-11|deadurl=no|accessdate=2009-08-08}}</ref> There was one major aftershock, on December 17, which measured 5.7 on the Richter scale but caused no additional casualties.<ref name=cwbpdf>{{cite book|url=http://scman.cwb.gov.tw/eqv5/research/21vol/MOTC-CWB-87-E-11.pdf|title=台灣地區十大災害地震圖集 (A Collection of Images of Ten Great Earthquake Disasters in the Taiwan Region)|language=Chinese|access-date=2009-08-03|chapter=Preface|publisher=Central Weather Bureau|author=中央氣象局 <!-- BOT GENERATED AUTHOR -->|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1249967769270858|archivedate=2009-08-11|deadurl=no|accessdate=2009-08-08}}</ref>
 
 
==Damage==
 
According to Taiwan's [[Central Weather Bureau]], there were 74 people killed by the quake, with 200 people seriously injured and 274 lightly injured. 1,971 dwellings were completely destroyed, while a further 2,084 dwellings were partially destroyed.<ref name=cwbpdf/> [[Soil liquefaction]] and [[sand boil]]s were observed in central Tainan County, and there was widespread damage to railways, roads, farmland, water pipes and bridges.<ref name=cwbpdf/> As the disaster came just a year into the new [[Taiwan after World War II|Kuomintang rule]] in Taiwan, it served as a test for the new government. It was the most serious earthquake in Tainan County in 84 years.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://scman.cwb.gov.tw/eqv5/damage_list/1900befor.htm|publisher=Central Weather Bureau|access-date=2009-07-20|title=二十世紀前(1604-1900)台灣地區的地震記載}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://scman.cwb.gov.tw/eqv5/damage_list/1900after.htm|title=二十世紀(1901-2000)台灣地區災害性地震|publisher=[[Central Weather Bureau]]|access-date=2009-07-17|language=Chinese}}</ref>
 
==See also==
 
*[[1964 Baihe earthquake]] - struck not far from the epicentre of the 1946 Xinhua quake
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
 
{{taiwan earthquakes}}
 
 
[[Category:1946 in Taiwan]]
 
[[Category:1946 earthquakes|Xinhua]]
 

Revision as of 08:09, 12 August 2009