1948 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1948.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Metanephrocerus[2]

Gen nov

valid

Aczél

Priabonian

Baltic Amber

 Europe

A big-headed fly; new genus for Protonephrocerus collini

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Lukousaurus Valid taxon

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Lower Lufeng Series

 China

May be a crocodylomorph rather than a theropod.[4]

Sinosaurus[5] Valid taxon

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Lower Lufeng Series

 China

A dilophosaurid.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Batrachognathus

Valid

Rjabinin

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian-Kimmeridgian)

Karabastau Svita

 Kazakhstan

An anurognathid.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Clelandina

Valid

Broom

Late Permian

Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Dicynodon Assemblage Zone
Tropidostoma Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A gorgonopsid.

Digalodon

Junior synonym

Broom and Robinson

Late Permian

Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa
 Zambia

A junior synonym of the geikiid Aulacephalodon

Koupia

Valid

Boonstra

Middle Permian

Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A dicynodont.

Pardocephalus

Junior synonym

Broom

Late Permian

Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A junior synonym of the gorgonopsid Aelurognathus

Robertia

Valid

Boonstra

Middle Permian

Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A pylaecephalid

Smilesaurus

Valid

Broom

Late Permian

Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A junior synonym of the gorgonopsid Aelurognathus.

Tetracynodon

Valid

Broom and Robinson

Late Permian-Early Triassic

Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A lycideopid therocephalian.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Kehlmaier, C; Dierick, M; Skevington, JH (2014). "Micro-CT studies of amber inclusions reveal internal genitalic features of big-headed flies, enabling a systematic placement of Metanephrocerus Aczel, 1948 (Insecta: Diptera: Pipunculidae)". Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny. 72 (1): 23–36. 
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ R. B. Irmis. 2004. First report of Megapnosaurus (Theropoda: Coelophysoidea) from China. PaleoBios 24(3):11-18
  5. ^ Young C.-C. 1948. On two new saurischians from Lufeng, Yunnan. Bull. Geol. Soc. China 28: pp. 75-90.