1949 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||21 May - 12 June|
|Distance||4,088 km (2,540 mi)|
|Winning time||125h 25' 50"|
The 1949 Giro d'Italia was the 32nd edition of the Giro d'Italia, a cycling race organized and sponsored by the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport. The race began on 21 May in Palermo with a stage that stretched 261 km (162 mi) to Catania, finishing in Monza on 12 June after a 267 km (166 mi) stage and a total distance covered of 4,088 km (2,540 mi). The race was won by the Italian rider Fausto Coppi of the Bianchi team, with fellow Italians Gino Bartali and Giordano Cottur coming in second and third respectively.
Coppi won the overall by way of the memorable 17th stage (from Cuneo to Pinerolo), during which he escaped from the group and climbed alone the Maddalena Pass, the Col de Vars, the Col d'Izoard, the Col de Montgenèvre and the Sestriere Pass, arriving in Pinerolo 11'52" ahead of Bartali, his tenacious antagonist during those years.
A total of 15 teams were invited to participate in the 1949 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of seven riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 105 cyclists. Out of the 105 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 65 riders made it to the finish in Monza.
The main favorites entering the race were Gino Bartali and Fausto Coppi. Vito Ortelli, who placed fourth the year prior did not participate as he was suffering from an illness and stayed home. l'Unità's Attilio Camoriano wrote that Coppi's form entering the race could allow him to gain the lead early on and hold it from Bartali, who was known to take several stages to warm up and adjust to the race. Camoriano added that Bartali would likely not let that happen as he was known to find strength and referenced previous Tours de France. He further stated that Coppi's Bianchi team was stronger and better organized than Bartali's eponymous team. Aside from the aforementioned contenders, Fiorelli's Jean Goldschmit was thought to be the team's best contender as Ganna–Ursus's Albert Dubuisson was known to fade on climbs.
Route and stages
The route for this edition of the Giro d'Italia was announced on 7 February 1949. The stages involving the Piedmont region were finalized on 24 March. The race was scheduled to begin at 8 am at the Villa Giulia in Palermo. Attilio Camoriano of l'Unità stated that the riders were likely to use their heavy, thicker tires because after the Santo Stefano junction, the roads contained lava rocks from Mount Etna throughout and those were known to cut tires easily.
|1||21 May||Palermo to Catania||261 km (162 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Mario Fazio (ITA)|
|2||22 May||Catania to Messina||163 km (101 mi)||Plain stage||Sergio Maggini (ITA)|
|3||23 May||Villa San Giovanni to Cosenza||214 km (133 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Guido De Santi (ITA)|
|4||24 May||Cosenza to Salerno||292 km (181 mi)||Plain stage||Fausto Coppi (ITA)|
|5||26 May||Salerno to Naples||161 km (100 mi)||Plain stage||Serafino Biagioni (ITA)|
|6||27 May||Naples to Rome||233 km (145 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Ricci (ITA)|
|7||28 May||Rome to Pesaro||298 km (185 mi)||Plain stage||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)|
|8||29 May||Pesaro to Venezia||273 km (170 mi)||Plain stage||Luigi Casola (ITA)|
|9||31 May||Venezia to Udine||249 km (155 mi)||Plain stage||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)|
|10||1 June||Udine to Bassano del Grappa||154 km (96 mi)||Plain stage||Giovanni Corrieri (ITA)|
|11||2 June||Bassano del Grappa to Bolzano||237 km (147 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Fausto Coppi (ITA)|
|12||4 June||Bolzano to Modena||253 km (157 mi)||Plain stage||Oreste Conte (ITA)|
|13||5 June||Modena to Montecatini Terme||160 km (99 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)|
|14||6 June||Montecatini Terme to Genoa||228 km (142 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Vincenzo Rossello (ITA)|
|15||7 June||Genoa to Sanremo||136 km (85 mi)||Plain stage||Luciano Maggini (ITA)|
|16||9 June||Sanremo to Cuneo||190 km (118 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Oreste Conte (ITA)|
|17||10 June||Cuneo to Pinerolo||254 km (158 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Fausto Coppi (ITA)|
|18||11 June||Pinerolo to Turin||65 km (40 mi)||Individual time trial||Antonio Bevilacqua (ITA)|
|19||12 June||Turin to Monza||267 km (166 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giovanni Corrieri (ITA)|
|Total||4,088 km (2,540 mi)|
In the 1949 Giro d'Italia there were two major classifications. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.
In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. This classification did not award a jersey to the leader. The highest climb of the race was the Col d'Izoard in stage seventeen, which was 2360m. The other stages that included categorized climbs were stages: 1, 3, 11, 13, 14, 15, 17, and 19.
There was a black jersey (maglia nera) awarded to the rider placed last in the general classification. The classification was calculated in the same manner as the general classification.
There was a classification for sprints called the "Gran Premio Tappa Volanti" classification. This consisted of a sprint line that was marked in eight stages of the race, stages 2, 4, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, and 19. Specifically the eight sprints were located in the following places Taormina, Castrovilliari, Terni, Ferrara, Trieste, Verone, Chiavari, and Novara, respectivey.
For placing in the top three for each classification, on the final stage placings, the "Gran Premio Tappa Volanti", or crossing a categorized climb for the mountains classification, time bonuses were awarded. One minute time bonus was given to the first placed rider, thirty seconds to second place, and fifteen second to third.
||Best non-industrial team rider
||Mountains classification||Last in General classification
|1||Mario Fazio||Mario Fazio||Mario Fazio||Mario Fazio||?||?|
|2||Sergio Maggini||Giordano Cottur||Andrea Carrea||Sante Carollo|
|3||Guido De Santi||Mario Fazio & Léon Jomaux|
|4||Fausto Coppi||Mario Fazio||Vitaliano Lazzerini||Wilier Triestina|
|7||Adolfo Leoni||Mario Fazio|
|8||Luigi Casola||Marcel Buysse|
|9||Adolfo Leoni||Adolfo Leoni||Sante Carollo|
|10||Giovanni Corrieri||Marcel Buysse|
|11||Fausto Coppi||Giancarlo Astrua||Fausto Coppi||Sante Carollo|
|17||Fausto Coppi||Fausto Coppi|
|Final||Fausto Coppi||Silvio Pedroni||Fausto Coppi||Sante Carollo||Wilier Triestina|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification|
|1||Fausto Coppi (ITA)||Bianchi||125h 25' 50"|
|2||Gino Bartali (ITA)||Bartali||+ 23' 47"|
|3||Giordano Cottur (ITA)||Wilier-Triestina||+ 38' 27"|
|4||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)||Legnano||+ 39' 01"|
|5||Giancarlo Astrua (ITA)||Benotto||+ 39' 50"|
|6||Alfredo Martini (ITA)||Wilier-Triestina||+ 48' 48"|
|7||Giulio Bresci (ITA)||Centro Sportivo Italiano||+ 49' 14"|
|8||Serafino Biagioni (ITA)||Viscontea||+ 53' 14"|
|9||Nedo Logli (ITA)||Arbos||+ 56' 59"|
|10||Silvio Pedroni (ITA)||Fréjus||+ 1h 02' 10"|
|1||Fausto Coppi (ITA)||Bianchi||46|
|2||Gino Bartali (ITA)||Bartali||41|
|3||Alfredo Pasotti (ITA)||Benotto||23|
|4||Giancarlo Astrua (ITA)||Benotto||14|
|5||Léon Jomaux (FRA)||Bartali||12|
G. P. Tappa Volanti
|1||Oreste Conte (ITA)||Bianchi||21|
|2||Antonio Bevilacqua (ITA)||Atala||19|
|3||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)||Legnano||13|
- "Coppi gana la Vuelta a Italia" [Coppi Wins the Tour of Italy] (in Spanish). Milan, Italy: El Mundo Deportivo. 15 June 1949. p. 2. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Dino Buzzati racconta la sfida Coppi-Bartali" [Dino Buzzati tells the Coppi-Bartali challenge] (PDF). Stampa Sera (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 13 May 1981. p. 3. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Giro Replay: The Cima Coppi". pezcyclingnews.com. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- "I corridori partenti" [Starting Riders]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 21 May 1949. p. 3. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1949 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "I 105 concorrenti" [The 105 competitors] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 21 May 1949. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Attilio Camoriano (21 May 1949). "Buon viaggio al "Giro" che parte oggi da Palermo" [Have a good trip to the "Giro" which starts today from Palermo] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Il Giro d'Italia dalla Sicilia alle Alpi" [The Giro d'Italia from Sicily to the Alps]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 8 February 1949. p. 1. Archived from the original on 17 March 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "le novita del Giro d'Italia" [The news of the Giro d'Italia] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 8 February 1949. p. 4. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Le tappe piemontesi del Giro d'Italia" [The Piedmontese stages of the Giro d'Italia] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 24 March 1949. p. 4. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Laura Weislo (2008-05-13). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2009-08-27.
- "Il G.P. della Montagna" [The Mountains Classification] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 21 May 1949. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Bruno Roghi (20 May 1949). "Tiriamo il sipario" [Let's Pull the Curtain]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). p. 3. Archived from the original on 17 March 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
Siamo infine curiosi di vendere come giostrera il Giro ttorno alla maglia bianca. La maglia bianca, a nostro parere, comporta la divisione del campo in due categoriebene individuale di concorrenti: da una parte le squadre industriali, dall'altra gruppi o gli isolati. Le due categorie, nate col Giro d'Italia (isolati) e sviluppatesi in seguito per ragioni organizzative, coreografiche e assistenziali (gruppi), sono autonome e indipendenti per struttura quantitativa, per interessi e per obiettivi dei nuclei in corsa. La maglia rosa (assoluta) e la maglia bianca (relativa) devono rispecchiaire queste sostanziali diversita in un Giro d'Italia aperto soltanto alle squadre industriali, tutti di pari effecttvi (sette corridori), ed ognuna articolata sulla figura e sulle esigenze di un capitano? Potra e dovra la maglia bianca indossata da un gregario rinunciare alle sue probabilita di affermazione, o semplicemente alle sue necesssita di difesa attiva, nel caso in cui il capitano abbia bisogno della sua ruota, o del suo traino, e, in altre parole, della sua rinuncia e del suo sacrificio? Ecco un motivo di perplessita.
- "Le tappe voltani" [The flying stages] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 21 May 1949. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "A Corrieri, in volata l'ultimo traguardo" [A Couriers, in the final sprint finish] (PDF). Stampa Sera (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 13 June 1949. p. 4. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Buzzati, Dino (1998). The Giro D'Italia: Coppi Versus Bartali at the 1949 Tour of Italy. Boulder, Colorado: VeloPress. ISBN 978-1-884737-51-0. Retrieved 3 November 2013.