1949 in India
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|See also:||List of years in India
Timeline of Indian history
Events in the year 1949 in India.
- King of India – George VI
- Governor-General of the Union of India – C. Rajagopalachari
- Prime Minister of India – Jawaharlal Nehru
- 1 January – After eight months of fighting between the Indian forces and the Pakistan Army agreed to a ceasefire, ordered by the United Nations Security Council, takes effect in Kashmir region.
- 1 January – The Reserve Bank of India was nationalised.
- 28 April – India issues the London Declaration, enabling it (and, thereafter, any other nation) to remain in the British Commonwealth despite becoming a republic, creating the position of 'Head of the Commonwealth', and renaming the organisation as the 'Commonwealth of Nations'.
- 6 June – With the passage of the Bodh Gaya Temple Act by the Indian government, Mahabodhi Temple is restored to partial Buddhist control.
- 27 July – India and Pakistan sign the Karachi Agreement
- 9 September – Queen Kanchanprabha Devi signs the Tripura Merger Agreement
- 15 October – Tripura becomes a part of the Union of India
- 15 November – Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
- 26 November – New constitution is adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly.
- 28 December – Central Reserve Police Force Act enacted.
- 13 January – Rakesh Sharma, Indian Air Force pilot and cosmonaut
- 7 March – Ghulam Nabi Azad, politician
- 4 April – Parveen Babi, actress (died 2005)
- 30 October – Pramod Mahajan, politician (died 2006).
- 12 December – Gopinath Munde, politician
- 10 April – Birbal Sahni, paleobotanist (born 1891).
- 19 June – Syed Zafarul Hasan, Muslim philosopher (born 1885).
- 15 November – Narayan Apte, accomplice in assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, executed (born 1911).
- 15 November – Nathuram Godse, assassin of Mahatma Gandhi, executed (born 1910).