From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events in the year 1949 in Israel.
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- 7 January – Operation Horev ends. On the same day, the Israeli Air Force and ground forces shoot down five Royal Air Force fighter planes and severely damage another in two incidents over the Sinai Peninsula, after mistaking them for Egyptian planes. Two pilots are killed during the incident.
- 24 January – The British begin sending the final group of 11,000 illegal Jewish immigrants who were still being held in internment camps on Cyprus, mainly men of military age, to Israel.
- 25 January – The first Israeli legislative election is held in which David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
- 31 January – The United States grants de jure recognition to the State of Israel.
- 11 February - The last detainees of the Cyprus internment camps depart for Israel.
- 14 February – The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.
- 16 February – In the first Israeli Presidential Election, the Knesset elects Chaim Weizmann (the temporary head of state as head of the Provisional State Council), as President of Israel, by a majority of 83 votes to 15 votes caste in favour of his opponent, Joseph Klausner. He assumes office the following day as the first president of the State of Israel.
- 24 February – The armistice agreement between Israel and Egypt is signed in Rhodes.
- 5 March – Israel launches Operation Ovda with the objective of capturing the southern Negev desert.
- 10 March – The Israel Defense Forces reach Umm Rashrash, west of Aqaba (the biblical Elath), and capture it without a battle. The Negev Brigade and Golani Brigade takes part in the operation. To symbolize their victory, they raise the Ink Flag, a makeshift flag created from a white sheet and a bottle of ink.
- 23 March – The armistice agreement between Israel and Lebanon is signed.
- 3 April – The armistice agreement between Israel and Jordan is signed in Rhodes.
- 26 April - Austerity is introduced to cope with a lack of foreign currency reserves and a mass influx of Jewish immigrants.
- 27 April – Opening of the Lausanne Conference, established by the United Nations with the aim of reaching a comprehensive peace agreement between Israel and Arab countries.
- 11 May – Israel is admitted to the United Nations as its 59th member.
- 20 July – Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their 19-month war.
Honor guard stands beside Herzl's coffin in Israel, August 1949
Yemenite immigrants in Rosh HaAyin camp, 1 October 1949
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The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1949 include:
- 20 March - 50 Israeli soldiers order 1,800 civilians to leave the village of Beit 'Awwa. UN report 7,000 people driven out of area west of Dura.
- 31 March - An Israeli command car is ambushed near Al Qubeiba. All four occupants are killed.
- September - Ar Reina: IDF troops execute 14 Bedouin and one woman suspected of smuggling.
- 7 October - Four killed by an Israeli mortar attack on Beit Hanun
- 2 November - 2,000 Bedouin expelled from the Beersheba area to West Bank.
- 21 January – Shlomo Gronich, Israeli musician.
- 26 July - Yitzhak Ben Yisrael, Israeli military scientist, general, and politician.
- 12 October – Galila Ron-Feder Amit, Israeli author.
- 21 October – Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel
- 24 November – Shosh Atari, Israeli radio presenter and actress (died 2008).
- 26 November – Shlomo Artzi, Israeli singer.
- 30 November – Matti Caspi, Israeli singer.
- 25 December - Miri Aloni, Israeli singer.
Major public holidays
||This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (August 2010)
- ^ "Iaf V Raf". Spyflight.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- ^ Bernard Reder sculpture
- ^ Arnon Golan (1995), The demarcation of Tel Aviv-Jaffa's municipal boundaries, Planning Perspectives, vol. 10, pp. 383–398.
- ^ Ben-Gurion, David (5 December 1949). "Statements of the Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion Regarding Moving the Capital of Israel to Jerusalem". The Knesset. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- ^ The Mossad
- ^ "This Week in History: The Knesset moves to Jerusalem". The Jerusalem Post. 11 December 2011.
- ^ https://www.knesset.gov.il/review/YearPage.aspx?yr=1949&lng=3
- ^ Morris, Benny (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949 - 1956. Arab infiltration, Israeli retaliation, and the countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-827850-0. Page 142.
- ^ Morris. Page 143.
- ^ Morris. Page 169
- ^ Morris. Page 187.
- ^ Morris. Page 154.