1949 in Northern Ireland
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- 17 April — At midnight 26 counties officially leave the British Commonwealth. A 21-gun salute on O'Connell Bridge, Dublin, ushers in the Republic of Ireland.
- 3 May — The British Government passes an act guaranteeing the position of Northern Ireland as part of the United Kingdom as long as a majority of its citizens want it to be. The government also recognises the existence of the Republic of Ireland.
- 10 May — The Oireachtas motion calls a "Protest Against Partition" because of the Ireland Act provisions.
- 13 May — John A. Costello, Éamon de Valera, William Norton and Seán MacBride share a platform to protest the British government's attitude to the constitutional status of Northern Ireland.
- 25 May — The Princess Elizabeth and The Duke of Edinburgh receive the freedom of Belfast during a visit to the city.
- 8 November — Street names in any language other than English are prohibited by an Amendment to a Bill passed in the Senate of Northern Ireland.
Arts and literature
- Daniel O'Neill paints Place du Tertre and The Blue Skirt.
- Winners: Linfield
- Belfast Celtic withdrew from the Irish League at the end of a season which had seen crowd trouble at a match against Linfield five months earlier.
- 14 January — Donovan McClelland, Social Democratic and Labour Party politician.
- 25 January — Tom Paulin, poet and critic.
- 23 February — Christopher Harte, cricketer.
- 17 March — Pat Rice, footballer and football coach.
- 18 March — Alex Higgins, snooker player.
- 1 April — Sammy Nelson, footballer.
- 8 April — Graham Crothers, cricketer.
- 6 August — Alan Campbell, Pentecostal pastor.
- 1 September — Alasdair McDonnell, Social Democratic and Labour Party MP and MLA.
- 6 September — Iris Robinson, Democratic Unionist Party MP for Strangford and member of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
- 18 September — Mo Mowlam, English-born 11th Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
Full date unknown
- Pat Finucane, solicitor (killed by loyalist paramilitaries 1989).
- David McKittrick, journalist and writer.
- 2 March — Cecil Lowry-Corry, 6th Earl Belmore, High Sheriff and councillor (born 1873).
- 19 September — George Shiels, dramatist (born 1886).