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1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1 – The International Police Association (IPA) – the largest police organization in the world – is formed.
- January 5 – U.S. Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for an investigation of organized crime in the U.S.
- January 6 – The UK recognizes the People's Republic of China; the Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response.
- January 7 – A fire consumes Mercy Hospital in Davenport, Iowa, killing 41 patients.
- January 9 – The Israeli government recognizes the People's Republic of China.
- January 11 – Hukbalahap guerrillas attack the town of Hermosa, Bataan in the Philippines.
- January 12
- January 13 – Finland forms diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.
- January 17 – Great Brink's Robbery: Eleven thieves steal more than $2 million from the Brink's armored car company headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.
- January 21 – Accused communist spy Alger Hiss is convicted on 2 accounts
- January 23 – The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
- January 24 – Cold War: Klaus Fuchs, German émigré and physicist, confesses to an MI5 interrogator that he is a Soviet spy: For seven years, he passed top secret data on U.S. and British nuclear weapons research to the Soviet Union. Fuchs is formally charged on February 2.
- January 25 – Alger Hiss receives a five-year sentence following his conviction on two counts of perjury
- January 26 – India promulgates its constitution, forming a republic, and Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first president. The Kingdom of Mysore is merged into the new republic.
- January 29 – Lord Balfour criticizes the fact that rationing is still in force in Britain.
- January 31
- December – First five-year plan is tabled in the Parliament by Jawaharlal Nehru. It emphasizes Agricultural and Community development.
- February 1 – Chiang Kai-shek is re-elected as a president of the Republic of China.
- February 4 – Ingrid Bergman's illegitimate child arouses ire in the U.S.
- February 6 – First Cabinet Secretary N.R. Pillai appointed in India.
- February 8
- February 9 – Second Red Scare: In his speech to the Republican Women's Club at the McClure Hotel in Wheeling, West Virginia, Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States Department of State of being filled with 205 Communists.
- February 11
- February 12
- February 13
- The U.S. Army begins to deploy anti-aircraft cannons to protect nuclear stations and military targets.
- British Columbia B-36 crash – The U.S. Air Force loses a Convair B-36 bomber that carried a Mark 4 nuclear bomb off the west coast of Canada, and produces the world's first Broken Arrow.
- February 14 – Cold War:
- February 15
- February 19 – Konrad Adenauer tries unsuccessfully to negotiate with East Germany to begin unification.
- February 21 – Cunard liner RMS Aquitania arrives at the scrapyard in Faslane at the end of a 36-year career, the longest of any in the 20th Century.
- February 23 – United Kingdom general election, 1950 : The Labour Party, led by Clement Attlee remains in office but the Tories, led by Winston Churchill increase their seats in the House of Commons.
- March 1
- Klaus Fuchs is convicted in London of spying against both Britain and the United States for the Soviet Union, by giving to the latter top secret atomic bomb data.
- Acting Chinese President Li Tsung-jen ends his term in office.
- Chiang Kai-shek resumes his duties as Chinese president after moving his government to Taipei, Taiwan.
- March 3 – Poland indicates its intention to exile all Germans.
- March 8 – The first Volkswagen Type 2 (also known as the Microbus) rolls off the assembly line in Wolfsburg, Germany.
- March 12 – A plane carrying returning rugby fans from Ireland to Wales crashes near Llandow, with the loss of 80 lives.
- March 13 – Royal Question: Belgian monarchy referendum, 1950 – In Belgium, the referendum over the monarchy shows 57.7% support the return of King Léopold III, 42.3% against.
- March 14 – The ship Cygnet hits a mine off the Dutch coast.
- March 17 – University of California, Berkeley researchers announce the creation of element 98, which they name "Californium".
- March 18 – The Belgian government collapses after the March 12 referendum favouring of the return from exile of King Léopold III.
- March 20 – The Polish government enacts a law to take possession of properties owned by Roman Catholic churches.
- March 22 – Egypt demands that Britain remove all its troops in the Suez Canal.
- March 23 – The 22nd Academy Awards ceremony is held.
- April 14
- April 15 – Belgian King Leopold III announces that he is ready to abdicate in favor of his son Baudouin.
- April 24 – Jordan formally annexes the West Bank
- April 25 – Trial of alleged communist spy Judith Coplon commences in New York City
- April 27
- May 1 – UNRWA operations begin.
- May 5 – Coronation of Bhomibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) of Thailand at The Grand Palace in Bangkok.
- May 6
- May 9
- Robert Schuman presents his proposal for the creation of a pan-European organisation, which he believes to be indispensable to the maintenance of permanently peaceful relations between the different nations of the continent. This proposal, known as the "Schuman Declaration", is considered to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
- L. Ron Hubbard publishes Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health.
- May 11 – The Kefauver Committee hearings into U.S. organized crime begin.
- May 13 – The first race in the inaugural FIA Formula One World Championship is held at Silverstone, England.
- May 14 – The Huntsville Times runs the headline "Dr. von Braun Says Rocket Flights Possible to Moon."
- May 17 – Israeli Air Force Spitfires intercept a Royal Air Force Short Sunderland when it inadvertently crossed into Israeli airspace, forcing it to land at Lod Airport. The Sunderland's crew had been issued maps that did not depict Israel, as Britain had not recognized the Jewish State at the time the maps were issued.
- May 22
- May 24 – United States Maritime Administration (under Department of Commerce).
- May 25 – The Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel is formally opened to traffic.
- May 29
- June 1 – June 23 – Mauna Loa in Hawaii starts erupting.
- June 3 – Annapurna I, 10th highest mountain in the world, is first ascended.
- June 6 – Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
- June 8 – Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
- June 16 – Maracana Stadium, which becomes a well-known sports venue of Brazil, opens in Rio de Janeiro in advance of the opening of the 1950 FIFA World Cup in the country on June 24.
- June 25 – Korean War begins: Troops of the North Korean People's Army cross the 38th parallel into South Korea.
- June 26 – The Parliament of South Africa passes the Suppression of Communism Act.
- June 27 – Korean War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman orders American military forces to aid in the defense of South Korea.
- June 28 – Korean War:
- North Korean forces capture Seoul but do not win the war.
- Hangang Bridge bombing: The South Korean army, in an attempt to defend Seoul, blows up the Hangang Bridge while it is crowded with refugees.
- Seoul National University Hospital massacre: North Korean troops kill around 800 medical staff and patients.
- Bodo League massacre begins: South Korean armed forces and police summarily execute at least 100,000 suspected North Korean sympathizers.
- July 14–21 – Korean War: Battle of Taejon – North Korean forces capture the city held by the U.S. 24th Infantry Division but the delay allows establishment of the Pusan Perimeter.
- July 16 – Uruguay beat Brazil 2–1 to win the 1950 World Cup.
- July 17 – The Suppression of Communism Act passed on June 26, comes into force in South Africa.
- July 30 – 4 workers striking over the "Royal Question" in Belgium are shot dead by the Gendarmerie at Grâce-Berleur near Liège.
- August 5
- August 6 – Monarchist demonstrations lead to a riot in Brussels.
- August 8
- August 12
- August 15 – The 8.6 Mw Assam–Tibet earthquake shakes the region with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing between 1,500–3,300 people.
- August 17 – Korean War: In the Hill 303 massacre, 39 U.S. soldiers are executed after being captured in battle by North Korea.
- August 22 – The Immaculate Heart of Mary Seminary is founded in Tagbilaran City, Philippines.
- August 23 – Legendary singer-actor Paul Robeson, whose passport had recently been revoked because of his alleged Communist affiliations, meets with U.S. officials in an effort to get it reinstated. He is unsuccessful, and it is not reinstated until 1958.
- September 4
- September 7
- September 8 – The Defense Production Act is enacted into law in the U.S., shaping American military contracting for the next 60 years.
- September 9 – The U.S. state of California celebrates its centennial anniversary.
- September 12 – Communist riots erupt in Berlin.
- September 15 – Korean War – Battle of Inchon: Allied troops commanded by Douglas MacArthur land in Inchon, occupied by North Korea, to begin a U.N. counteroffensive.
- September 18 – Rede Tupi, the first TV broadcaster from Brazil and South America, is founded.
- September 19 – West Germany decides to purge communist officials.
- September 22 – World Dance Council inaugurated.
- September 26 – Indonesia is admitted to the United Nations.
- September 30 – NSC-68 is enacted by President Truman, setting U.S. foreign policy for the next 20 years.
- Turing test published.
- October 2 – The comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published in seven U.S. newspapers.
- October 3 – Getúlio Dornelles Vargas is elected president of Brazil for a 5-year term.
- October 5 – The Indonesian government quells riots in the Moluccas.
- October 7
- Battle of Chamdo: The incorporation of Tibet into the People's Republic of China begins with the Chinese People's Liberation Army invading across the Jinsha River. By October 19 they will have taken the border town of Chamdo and the Tibetan army will have surrendered.
- The Agate Pass Bridge opens for traffic in Washington State.
- October 9 – Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre starts in South Korea.
- October 11 – The Federal Communications Commission in the United States issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS (RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
- October 15
- October 19 – Korean War: The People's Republic of China enters the conflict by sending thousands of soldiers across the Yalu River.
- October 20 – Australia passes the Communist Party Dissolution Act, which is later struck down by the High Court.
- October 28 – Torcida Split is founded in support of the Association football club HNK Hajduk Split in SFR Yugoslavia.
- October 29 – Upon the death of Gustaf V of Sweden, he is succeeded as king by his 68-year-old son Gustaf VI Adolf.
- October 30 – The Jayuya Uprising is started by Puerto Rican Nationalists against the United States.
- November 1
- Pope Pius XII witnesses the "Miracle of the Sun" at the Vatican and defines a new dogma of Roman Catholicism, the Munificentissimus Deus, which says that God took Mary's body into Heaven after her death (the "Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary").
- Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate U.S. President Harry S. Truman, who is staying at the Blair-Lee House in Washington, D.C. during White House repairs.
- November 4 – The United Nations ends the diplomatic isolation of Spain.
- November 8 – Korean War: While in an F-80, United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown intercepts 2 North Korean MiG-15s near the Yalu River and shoots them down in the first jet-to-jet dogfight in history.
- November 10 – A U.S. Air Force B-50 Superfortress bomber, experiencing an in-flight emergency, jettisons and detonates a Mark 4 nuclear bomb over Quebec, Canada (the device lacked its plutonium core).
- November 11 – The Mattachine Society is founded in Los Angeles as the first gay-liberation organization.
- November 13
- November 17 – 15-year-old Tenzin Gyatso is formally enthroned as 14th Dalai Lama, becoming temporal ruler of Tibet.
- November 18 – The United Nations accepts the formation of the Libyan National Council.
- November 20 – T. S. Eliot speaks against television in the UK.
- November 22
- November 24 – A phenomenal winter storm ravages the northeastern United States, brings 30 to 50 inches of snow, temperatures below zero, and kills 323 people.
- November 26 – Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China launched a massive counterattack against South Korean and United Nations forces at the Ch'ongch'on River and the Chosin Reservoir, dashing any hopes for a quick end to the conflict.
- November 28
- November 29 – The National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA is founded.
- November 30 – Douglas MacArthur threatens to use nuclear weapons in Korea.
- December 4 – Foley Square trial commences review in U.S. Supreme Court as Dennis v. United States
- December 31 – The inaugural 12 Hours of Sebring endurance race is held.
- Canadians Harry Wasylyk, Larry Hansen and Frank Plomp introduce the plastic bin bag for garbage collection.
- Myxomatosis is introduced into Australia in an attempt to control the escalating rabbit population.
- IBM Israel begins operating in Tel Aviv.
- President Harry Truman sends United States military advisers to Vietnam to aid French forces.
- France institutes a government-guaranteed minimum wage.
- Knox's Translation of the Vulgate Old Testament (commissioned by the Catholic Church) is published.
- Laos gets involved in the First Indochina War to overthrow the French Army.
- January 2
- January 3 – Victoria Principal, American actress
- January 5
- January 6
- January 7
- January 9 – Alec Jeffreys, British geneticist, who developed techniques for DNA fingerprinting and DNA profiling
- January 10 – Ernie Wasson, American gardener and writer
- January 12
- January 14 – Jagadguru Rāmabhadrācārya, Hindu religious leader
- January 16 – Debbie Allen, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
- January 17
- January 18 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian race car driver (d. 1982)
- January 20 – Edward Hirsch, American poet
- January 21 – Billy Ocean, West Indian-born musician
- January 22 – Pamela Salem, British actress
- January 23 – Richard Dean Anderson, American actor
- January 24
- January 26
- January 27
- January 29
- January 30 – Trinidad Silva, American actor (d. 1988)
- February 1 – Kazimierz Nycz, Polish clergyman
- February 3 – Morgan Fairchild, American actress
- February 6
- February 10 – Mark Spitz, American Olympic swimmer
- February 12
- February 13 – Peter Gabriel, English rock musician and original lead singer of Genesis
- February 14 – Daniel Borel, Swiss businessman and co-founder of Logitech
- February 15 – Tsui Hark, Hong Kong film director
- February 16
- February 18
- February 20
- February 21
- Larry Drake, American actor (d. 2016)
- February 22
- February 25
- February 26
- March 2 – Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (d. 1983)
- March 4 – Rick Perry, Governor of Texas
- March 9 – Danny Sullivan, American race car driver
- March 10 – Carlos Roberto Flores, President of Honduras
- March 11
- March 12 – Javier Clemente, Spanish football player and manager
- March 13 – William H. Macy, American actor
- March 18 – Brad Dourif, American actor
- March 20 – William Hurt, American actor
- March 21 – Sergey Lavrov, current Foreign Minister of Russia
- March 22
- March 26
- March 28
- March 29 – Mory Kanté, Guinean musician
- March 30
- March 31 – Ed Marinaro, American football player and actor
- April 1 – Samuel Alito, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
- April 3 – Sally Thomsett, English actress
- April 4 – Christine Lahti, American actress
- April 5
- April 7 – Marisa Letícia Lula da Silva, former First Lady of Brazil (d. 2017)
- April 8
- April 10 – Ken Griffey, Sr., American baseball player
- April 12
- April 13 – Ron Perlman, American actor
- April 14 – Péter Esterházy, Hungarian writer
- April 15 – Josiane Balasko, French actress/writer/director
- April 17 – Bruce McNall, American businessman
- April 20 – Steve Erickson, American novelist
- April 22
- April 25
- April 28 – Jay Leno, American comedian and talk show host
- April 29 – Paul Holmes, New Zealand radio and television broadcaster (d. 2013)
- May 5 – Googoosh, Iranian singer and actress
- May 7 – Tim Russert, American journalist (d. 2008)
- May 11 – Jeremy Paxman, English journalist
- May 12
- May 13
- May 14 – Jill Stein, American politician, activist
- May 15 – Renate Stecher, German athlete
- May 16 – Georg Bednorz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- May 17 – Janez Drnovsek, Slovenian politician, 2-Time Prime Minister of Slovenia and 2nd President of Slovenia
- May 18
- May 29
- May 31 – Gregory Harrison, American actor and director
- June 3
- June 5 – Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist and political activist (d. 1977)
- June 7 – Howard Finkel, American ring announcer
- June 8 – Kathy Baker, American actress
- June 11 – Graham Russell, English singer and musician (Air Supply)
- June 13 – Belinda Bauer, Australian actress
- June 14 – Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury
- June 15 – Lakshmi Mittal, Indian industrialist
- June 19 – Ann Wilson, American singer and musician (Heart)
- June 20 – Nouri al-Maliki, 74th Prime Minister of Iraq
- June 21
- June 22 – Zenonas Petrauskas, Lithuanian lawyer and politician (d. 2009)
- June 24 – Nancy Allen, American actress
- June 25
- June 26 – Jaak Joala, Estonian singer and musician (d. 2010)
- June 29
- June 30 – Leonard Whiting, British actor
- July 4 – Philip Craven, 2nd President of the International Paralympic Committee
- July 5 – Huey Lewis, American rock singer
- July 9 – Viktor Yanukovych, President of Ukraine
- July 11 – Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani Nuclear physicist and social activist
- July 12 – Eric Carr, Former Kiss drummer and musician (d. 1991)
- July 13
- July 17 – Derek de Lint, Dutch actor
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20 – William Knox Schroeder, Kent State University shooting victim (d. 1970)
- July 26 – Susan George, British actress
- July 27 – Simon Jones, English actor
- July 28
- July 29 – Jenny Holzer, American conceptual artist
- July 30 – Frank Stallone, American actor
- August 1
- August 3
- August 5 – Rosi Mittermaier, German ski racer
- August 7 – Alan Keyes, American conservative political activist
- August 8
- August 9 – Nicole Tourneur, French novelist (d. 2011)
- August 11
- August 12 – Iris Berben, German actress
- August 15
- August 16
- August 19 – Sudha Murthy, Indian social worker and author
- August 21 – Arthur Bremer, American convicted attempted assassin
- August 22 – Scooter Libby, American political adviser
- August 26
- August 27 – Charles Fleischer, American actor, stand-up comedian and voice artist
- September 1
- September 2
- September 7
- September 8 – Mark Gable, Australian singer and songwriter (The Choirboys)
- September 10 – Joe Perry, American rock guitarist (Aerosmith)
- September 14
- September 16
- September 17 – Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India
- September 19 – Joan Lunden, American television broadcaster and journalist
- September 21
- September 22 – Kirka Babitzin, Finnish singer (d. 2007)
- September 24 – Kristina Wayborn, Swedish actress
- September 27 – Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese actor
- September 28 – John Sayles, American director and screenwriter
- October 1
- October 3 – Pamela Hensley, American actress
- October 5 – Jeff Conaway, American actor (d. 2011)
- October 7 – Jakaya Kikwete, 4th President of Tanzania
- October 9
- October 10 – Nora Roberts, American novelist
- October 12
- October 14 – Joey Travolta, American actor
- October 16 – Cecil Bothwell. American atheist writer and politician
- October 17
- October 18 – Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (d. 2006)
- October 19 – Bishop Bill Ray, 10th Bishop of North Queensland
- October 20 – Tom Petty, American rock singer
- October 22 – Bill Owens, Governor of Colorado
- October 25 – Chris Norman, English singer (Smokie)
- October 28
- October 29 – Abdullah Gül, 11th President of Turkey
- October 30 – Louise DuArt, American comedian and impersonator
- October 31
- November 1 – Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- November 3 – Massimo Mongai, Italian author
- November 4 – Charles Frazier, American novelist
- November 6 – Kenny Marks, American Christian musician
- November 9 – Maravillas Rojo, Catalan politician
- November 10
- November 12 – Barbara Fairchild, American country and gospel singer
- November 13 – Mary Lou Metzger, American singer and dancer
- November 16 – David Leisure, American actor
- November 17 – Roland Matthes, German swimmer
- November 21 – Alberto Juantorena, Cuban athlete
- November 22 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (d. 1978)
- November 23 – Chuck Schumer, American politician
- November 24 – Stanley Livingston, American actor
- November 28
- December 1
- December 2
- December 5 – Camarón de la Isla, Spanish singer (d. 1992)
- December 9 – Joan Armatrading, St. Kitts-born English singer-songwriter
- December 10 – Tom Towles, American actor (d. 2015)
- December 12
- December 13 – Wendie Malick, American actress
- December 15 – Sylvester James Gates, American theoretical physicist
- December 16 – Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (d. 2006)
- December 17 – Laurence F. Johnson, American futurist and educator
- December 18 – Leonard Maltin, American film critic
- December 19 – Manny Trillo, Venezuelan-born American baseball player
- December 22 – María Antonieta de las Nieves, Mexican actress, comedian, and singer, La Chilindrina in El Chavo del Ocho
- December 23
- December 25 – Ed Hochuli, American football official
- December 28 – Alex Chilton, American rock musician (The Box Tops) (d. 2010)
- December 29 – Jon Polito, American actor (d. 2016)
- Larry Cuba, American computer-animation artist
- Koibla Djimasta, 7th Prime Minister of Chad (d. 2007)
- Joseph Yodoyman, 4th Prime Minister of Chad (d. 1993)
- January 1 – William A. Griffin, American Roman Catholic prelate and reverend (b. 1885)
- January 2
- January 3 – Tess Gardella, Italian-born American actress and dancer (b. 1894)
- January 7
- January 8 – Joseph Schumpeter, Czech economist and political scientist (b. 1883)
- January 11 – James A. Colescott, Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan (b. 1897)
- January 13 – Gino Frittelli, Italian painter (b. 1879)
- January 15 – Henry H. Arnold, American five-star general (b. 1886)
- January 16 – Ali Moustafa Mosharafa, Egyptian physicist (b. 1898)
- January 17 – Seiichi Hatano, Japanese philosopher (b. 1877)
- January 18 – Horace Rice, Australian tennis player (b. 1872)
- January 20 – Ray Duggan, Australian-born English speedway rider (b. 1913)
- January 21 – George Orwell, British author (b. 1903)
- January 22 – Alan Hale Sr., American actor (b. 1892)
- January 23 – Vasil Kolarov, Bulgarian Communist politician, former provisional head of State and 33rd Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1877)
- January 29 – Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait (b. 1885)
- February 3
- February 6 – Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (b. 1884)
- February 7
- February 9
- February 10 – Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (b. 1872)
- February 11 – Kiki Cuyler, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
- February 12 – Bernard Meninsky, Soviet artist, painter, draughtsman and teacher (b. 1891)
- February 13 – Rafael Sabatini, Italian writer (b. 1875)
- February 14
- February 16
- February 21 – Gerhard Kowalewski, German mathematician (b. 1876)
- February 23 – Piotr Śmietański, Polish executioner (b. 1899)
- February 25
- February 26 – Harry Lauder, British entertainer (b. 1870)
- March 2 – Rosli Dhobi, famous Malay Sarawakian (b. 1932)
- March 4 – Anthony Holles, British actor (b. 1901)
- March 5
- March 6
- March 10 – Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (b. 1902)
- March 11
- March 15
- March 18 – Väinö Kivilinna, Finnish teacher, activist and politician (b. 1875)
- March 19
- March 21 – Katherine Grey, American actress (b. 1873)
- March 22 – Emmanuel Mounier, French philosopher (b. 1905)
- March 24
- March 25
- March 30
- April 1 – F. O. Matthiessen, American historian and literary critic (b. 1902)
- April 2 – Recep Peker, Turkish officer and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1889)
- April 3 – Kurt Weill, German-born composer (b. 1900)
- April 5 – Charles Binaggio, American gangster (b. 1909)
- April 7 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born American actor (b. 1883)
- April 8 – Vaslav Nijinsky, Soviet ballet dancer and choreographer (b. 1889)
- April 10
- April 11 – Bainbridge Colby, United States Secretary of State (b. 1869)
- April 13
- April 16 – Henry J. Knauf, American politician (b. 1891)
- April 17 – Władysław Filipkowski, Polish military commander (b. 1892)
- April 23
- April 26 – G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (b. 1881)
- April 27
- April 30 – Francesco Jovine, Italian writer and author (b. 1902)
- May 1 – Lothrop Stoddard, American eugenicist (b. 1883)
- May 6 – Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes, Nicaraguan politician, 23rd President of Nicaragua (b. 1872)
- May 7 – Gavrilo V, Serbian Patriarch (b. 1881)
- May 9
- May 10 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist (b. 1883)
- May 11 – Cedric Holland, British admiral (b. 1889)
- May 19
- May 20 – John Gould Fletcher, American poet (b. 1886)
- May 22
- May 24
- May 25 – Nicolae Ciupercă, Romanian general (b. 1882)
- May 26 – Stanisław Kętrzyński, Polish historian and diplomat (b. 1878)
- May 28 – Vicente Sotto, Filipino politician (b. 1877)
- June 3 – Ahmad Tajuddin, Sultan of Brunei (b. 1913)
- June 4
- June 5 – Miklós Bánffy, Hungarian nobleman, politician and novelist (b. 1873)
- June 6 – William Wadsworth, American actor (b. 1874)
- June 9 – Denis Auguste Duchêne, French general (b. 1862)
- June 20 – Etsu Inagaki Sugimoto, Japanese autobiographer and novelist (b. 1874)
- June 22 – Jane Cowl, American actress (b. 1883)
- June 24 – Darwan Singh Negi, Indian VC recipient (b. 1881)
- June 26 – Antonina Nezhdanova, Soviet soprano (b. 1873)
- June 27
- June 28 – Archbishop Makarios II (b. 1870)
- June 29 – Melitta Bentz, German entrepreneur, who invented the coffee filter in 1908 (b. 1873)
- July 1 – Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect (b. 1873)
- July 5 – Salvatore Giuliano, Italian bandit (b. 1922)
- July 7 – Fats Navarro, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1923)
- July 8 – Helen Holmes, American actress (b. 1893)
- July 10 – Richard Maury, American naturalized Argentine engineer (b. 1882)
- July 11 – Buddy DeSylva, American songwriter (b. 1895)
- July 12 – Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
- July 17
- July 21 – Rex Ingram, American director (b. 1892)
- July 22 – William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian political leader, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
- July 27 – Marta Steinsvik, Norwegian author (b. 1877)
- July 28 – Kevin Budden, amateur Australian herpetologist (b. 1930)
- August 3 – Pierre-Émile Côté, Canadian politician (b. 1887)
- August 6 – Francisco José Urrutia Olano, Colombian diplomat and jurist (b. 1870)
- August 8 – Nikolai Myaskovsky, Soviet composer (b. 1881)
- August 10 – Tadeusz Tomaszewski, 34th Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1881)
- August 19
- August 22 – Kirk Bryan, American geologist (b. 1888)
- August 23 – Frank Phillips, American oil executive (b. 1873)
- August 24
- August 25 – Giuseppe Grassi, Italian politician (b. 1883)
- August 26
- August 27 – Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (b. 1908)
- August 31 -- Pere Tarrés i Claret, Spanish Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1905)
- September 4
- September 6 – Olaf Stapledon, British author and philosopher (b. 1886)
- September 10 – Raymond Sommer, American race car driver (b. 1906)
- September 11
- September 13 – Sara Allgood, Irish actress (b. 1880)
- September 15
- September 16
- September 21 – Edward Arthur Milne, British astrophysicist and mathematician (b. 1896)
- September 23
- September 29 – Alfréd Meissner, Czechoslovak politician and Holocaust survivor (b. 1871)
- September 30 – Prince Hubertus of Prussia (b. 1909)
- October 1 – Mikhail Rodionov, Soviet statesman, Leader of the Soviet Union (b. 1907)
- October 2 – John F. Fitzgerald, American politician, Mayor of Boston (b. 1863)
- October 5 – Thomas Addis Emmet, American-born Jamaican Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1873)
- October 9 – Nicolai Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1882)
- October 11 – Pauline Lord, American actress (b. 1890)
- October 13 – Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)
- October 14 – António Maria da Silva, Portuguese politician, Interim and 3-time Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1872)
- October 18 – Giuseppe Borgatti, Italian tenor (b. 1871)
- October 19
- October 20 – Henry L. Stimson, United States Secretary of State (b. 1867)
- October 23 – Al Jolson, American musician and actor (b. 1886)
- October 25 – Yi Kwang-su, Korean writer and activist (b. 1891)
- October 26 – Miguel Mariano Gómez, Cuban politician, 7th President of Cuba (b. 1889)
- October 29
- October 30 – Raimundo Díaz Pacheco, Puerto Rican activist (b. 1906)
- October 31 – Giacomo Gorrini, Italian diplomat (b. 1859)
- November 2 – George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
- November 3 – Kuniaki Koiso, Japanese general, 41st Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1880)
- November 4
- November 8 – Bernice Herstein, American socialite (b. 1918)
- November 9 – Attilio Andreoli, Italian painter (b. 1877)
- November 11
- November 12
- November 16 – Bob Smith, American doctor, physician and surgeon (b. 1879)
- November 23 – Abdul Hamid Karami, Lebanese political figure and religious leader, 16th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1890)
- November 25
- November 27 – T. Sathasiva Iyer, Ceylon Tamil scholar and a writer in Tamil language (b. 1882)
- November 28 – James Corbitt, British murderer (hanged) (b. 1913)
- November 29
- November 30 – Werner Haase, Hitler's personal physician (b. 1900)
- December 2 – Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist (b. 1917)
- December 4 – Jesse L. Brown, American aviator in the United States Navy (killed in action) (b. 1926)
- December 5 – Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru (b. 1872)
- December 11
- December 12
- December 15 – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian political leader (b. 1875)
- December 20 – Enrico Mizzi, Maltese politician, 6th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1885)
- December 23
- December 25 – Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet and playwright (b. 1903)
- December 27 – Max Beckmann, German painter (b. 1884)
- December 30 – Mihail Manoilescu, Romanian journalist, engineer, economist, politician and memoirist (b. 1891)
- December 31 – Karl Renner, Austrian Social Democrat politician and 4th President of Austria (b. 1870)
- Physics – Cecil Frank Powell
- Chemistry – Otto Paul Hermann Diels, Kurt Alder
- Medicine – Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeusz Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
- Literature – Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell
- Peace – Ralph Bunche
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